Navigation Links
New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women
Date:1/22/2014

LEXINGTON, Ky. (Jan. 22, 2014) A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows that women who never or rarely screen for breast cancer are also unlikely to receive screening for cervical cancer. The study also identified four key barriers independently associated with the lack of these cancer screenings in Appalachian women.

Published in Women & Health, the study focused on six rural counties in Appalachian Kentucky. Researchers conducted in-person interviews with 222 women to assess their adherence (or lack thereof) to cancer screening guidelines. While 33 percent of the women had recently been screened for both breast and ovarian cancers, 48 percent were rarely or had never been screened for both.

Through the interviews, the researchers determined four variables that were independently associated with significantly increased odds of never or rarely receiving screenings for breast and cervical cancer: a belief that a Pap test is embarrassing, a belief that the lack of health insurance makes it difficult to obtain a Pap test, a belief that breast cancer screening is unnecessary without symptoms, and reporting no physician recommendation of a mammogram in the prior 12 months.

These patterns of non-screening in Appalachian Kentucky are troubling. The overall cancer mortality rate in Appalachian Kentucky is 17 percent higher than the national rate. Of particular concern are the elevated incidence and mortality rates of invasive cervical cancer in this area, which are 67 percent and 33 percent higher than the national rate.

Additionally, the belief that a breast cancer screening is unnecessary without symptoms is problematic, because often by the time a woman experiences symptoms or has a lump, the cancer is in a more advanced stage. A mammogram performed every 1-2 years for women aged 40 years or older could reduce mortality rates by approximately 20-25 percent over a 10-year period.

"Our study findings reinforce the challenges to screening faced by many vulnerable and underserved women," said Nancy Schoenberg, lead author on the paper and professor of Behavioral Science at the UK College of Medicine. "Whether they experience inadequate knowledge, as shown in this research, or inadequate resources, as shown in other studies, many women find it difficult to obtain optimal preventive health care. Facilitating optimal prevention will reduce the huge toll cancer takes on women, their families and their communities."

An anthropologist by training, Schoenberg is the principal investigator of a series of projects called "Faith Moves Mountains," including "An Appalachian Cervical Cancer Prevention Program," "A CBPR Appalachian Wellness and Cancer Prevention Program," and "An Intergenerational CBPR Intervention to Reduce Appalachian Health Disparities." Started in 2004, these projects aim to target specific health behaviors through "faith-based" interventions, by building relationships with churches within Appalachian communities. This most recent study used a similar faith-based approach by working with local churches in Appalachia to recruit participants.


'/>"/>

Contact: Allison Perry
allison.perry@uky.edu
859-323-2399
University of Kentucky
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Regenstrief, IU study: Half of hospitalized adults over 65 need surrogate decision-makers
2. Study: Possible new druggable target in Ewings Sarcoma
3. Miriam Hospital study links intimate partner violence and risk of HIV
4. Study reveals how ecstasy acts on the brain and hints at therapeutic uses
5. Study finds troubling relationship between drinking and PTSD symptoms in college students
6. China Laser Equipment Industry Production Capacity to Be 2.77 Times More by 2017 in a New Study at MarketReportsChina.com
7. Study questions anti-cancer mechanisms of drug tested in clinical trials
8. Viral microRNAs responsible for causing AIDS-related cancer, new USC study shows
9. Nashville’s Sulphur Dell Neighborhood Selected As Study Area For 2014 Urban Land Institute Gerald D. Hines Student Urban Design Competition
10. Tweaking MRI to track creatine may spot heart problems earlier, Penn Medicine study suggests
11. Global Ostomy Care Industry Trend & 2017 Opportunities Analyzed in New Research Study at MarketReportsOnline.com
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/6/2016)... , ... February 06, 2016 , ... ... of eating disorder treatment helps to reduce the frequency and level of relapse. ... Recovery Phase: Re-Establishing Healthy Identity and Purpose,” will explore the critical tasks of ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... of the company's lighter, sleeker next generation LYNX VR Indoor Trainer with multi-rider ... Improvements in design and manufacturing not only reduce the weight of the unit, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... The event is being held ... Event Center in Minneapolis, Minn. Triumph Over Parkinson’s will fund nearly $100,000 for research ... Schneiderman’s Furniture, lives with Parkinson’s disease and is the architect of this informative event ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Looking for a last-minute Valentine’s Day ... tips of your toes. Foot massage, whether administered by a professional masseuse or a ... The American Board of Multiple Specialties in Podiatry (ABMSP) has taken the ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... The Lymphoma Research Foundation (LRF) ... and serving the lymphoma community through a comprehensive series of education programs, outreach ... Wine Tasting Event at the La Gorce Country Club in Miami Beach on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ) will present at the ... 9:15 a.m. ET on Wednesday, Feb. 10, 2016, in ... , executive vice president and chief financial officer at Amgen, ... can be accessed from the Events Calendar on Amgen,s website, ... will also be available on Amgen,s website for at least ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Syneron Medical ... aesthetic device company, announced today that William ... North America, is scheduled to participate in the ... Conference on February 11, 2016 in ... allow institutional investors to meet with the Mr. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... CENTENNIAL, Colo. , Feb. 5, 2016  As ... about health. The multitude of recommended screenings and tests ... healthy aging a priority. However, for the majority of ... of proactive health planning. For the 37.5 million American ... time like the present to make hearing health a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: