San Diego, CA (October 26, 2009) In two new studies, presented at the American College of Gastroenterology's (ACG) 74th Annual Scientific meeting in San Diego, researchers explored the connection between high stress, high exposure occupations and long-term gastrointestinal disorders. The studies, performed by the United States Navy and the State University of New York (SUNY), Stonybrook, examine the long term effects of infectious gastroenteritis (IGE) among active duty military and the interaction between gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) and mental health disorders among World Trade Center workers, respectively. Both studies will be the highlight of an ACG roundtable discussion being held on Tuesday, October 27, 2009 entitled: "Impact of Workplace Stress and Exposure on GI Disorders: Occupations that Take Guts." Infectious Gastroenteritis: Risk in Military Duty
Dr. Mark Riddle, of the United States Navy, led the study that examined functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGD) within the active military population and their connection to IGE. IGE can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to bacterial pathogens, protozoa and/or certain viruses, and active duty military personnel are at high risk during deployments.
Using electronic medical records obtained through the Defense Medical Surveillance System, Dr. Riddle and his colleagues identified 31,866 cases of FGD, including irritable bowel syndrome, functional constipation or diarrhea, and dyspepsia, in active duty personnel between 1999 and 2007. Matching each case to four corresponding non-FGD controls, the team calculated FGD incidence rates, as well as performed an assessment of differential risk for FGD associated with the type of IGE exposure.
The researchers found a significant association between IGE and all FGD, with the highest risk of functional diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome (Odds Ratio: 6.26 and 3.72, respectively) and moderate risk with functi
|Contact: Jennifer Burke Labriola|
American College of Gastroenterology