Navigation Links
New strategy to weaken traumatic memories

Philadelphia, PA, 17 March 2009 Imagine that you have been in combat and that you have watched your closest friend die in front of you. The memory of that event may stay with you, troubling you for the rest of your life. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most common and disabling psychiatric casualties of combat and other extremely stressful situations. People suffering from PTSD often suffer from vivid intrusive memories of their traumas. Current medications are often ineffective in controlling these symptoms and so novel treatments are needed urgently. In the February 1st issue of Biological Psychiatry, published by Elsevier, a group of basic scientists shed new light on the biology of stress effects upon memory formation. In so doing, they suggest new approaches to the treatment of the distress related to traumatic memories. Their work is based on the study of a drug, RU38486, that blocks the effects of the stress hormone cortisol.

Using an animal model of traumatic memory, investigators at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine show that treatment with RU38486 selectively reduces stress-related memories, leaving other memories unchanged. They also found that the effectiveness of the treatment is a function of the intensity of the initial "trauma." Although this particular study was performed in rats, their findings help to set the stage for trials in humans. Cristina Alberini, Ph.D., corresponding author on this article, explains how their findings will translate into developing clinical parameters: "First, the drug should be administered shortly before or after recalling the memory of the traumatic event. Second, one or two treatments are sufficient to maximally disrupt the memory. Third, the effect is long lasting and selective for the recalled memory. Finally, the time elapsing between the traumatic experience and the treatment seems to be an important parameter for obtaining the most efficacious treatment."

Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry and affiliated with both Yale University School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System, discusses the significance of the findings: "When treating PTSD, clinicians often attempt to reduce the negative distortions of traumatic memories so that people can better cope with their traumas. The new study by Taubenfeld and colleagues suggests that blocking the effects of cortisol may be one strategy to promote the 'normalization' of traumatic memories." Dr. Alberini agrees, noting that "these results suggest that carefully designed combinations of behavioral and pharmacological therapies may represent novel, effective treatments for PTSD or other anxiety disorders."


Contact: Jayne Dawkins

Related medicine news :

1. AWT Management Announce Aggressive Growth and Acquisition Strategy
2. Coalition America Announces Addition of Mollie Gordon Brown as Chief Strategy Officer
3. Crdentias VP of Marketing, Christina Hogan, Provides Exclusive Interview on Marketing Strategy
4. More Than 100 Organizations Call for a National AIDS Strategy to End the Epidemic in the United States
5. Penn Veterinary Medicine report new strategy to create genetically modified animals
6. Novel strategy under study for aggressive leukemia
7. AIDS Action Council Commends Senator Edwards for Endorsing a National HIV/AIDS Strategy
8. Blue Shield of California Names Vincent Coppola Vice President of Strategy and Business Development
9. Scientific Publications Strategy & Delivery Shifts from Marketing to Medical
10. Cheryl Fossum Graham Joins Knopp Neurosciences as Head of Regulatory and Development Strategy
11. Computerized training of working memory is a promising therapeutic strategy in ADHD
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... It’s official: Tattoo ... tattoo — a number even greater among Millennials (a whopping one in three aged ... and more people who are dissatisfied with their ink. In fact, RealSelf , ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Illinois (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... and share medical images have been lifted as IMAGE Information Systems launches MED-TAB™ ... Society of North America Annual Meeting from November 29 to December 4, 2015. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... in the United States. Podiatrists are well aware that psychology-based patient non-compliance (disobedience ... are often catastrophic contributors to diseases of the diabetic foot. The American ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... 2015 , ... The importance of volumetric breast density assessment ... numerous abstracts accepted for presentation here, at the 101st Annual Radiology Society of ... use of Volpara Solutions’ quantitative breast imaging software tools for providing breast imaging ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... 2015 , ... For many X-rays taken at hospitals, doctors’ ... by the radiologist. The marking utensils are so small, however, they are difficult ... way to alleviate this problem. , He developed the patent-pending MARK N SHOW ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Calif. , Dec. 1, 2015  Avanir ... prevalence of symptoms for pseudobulbar affect (PBA), a ... of laughing and/or crying resulting from certain neurologic ... of antipsychotic medications in nursing home residents, were ... Psychiatry. The study showed that almost one in ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... December 1, 2015 Biovicas ... Study Group (IBCSG, Bern ) ... i en klinisk studie av palbociclib, ett nytt ... --> Studien, med namn PYTHIA, kommer följa ... läkemedel i kombination med palbociclib, som tillhör klassen ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 1, 2015 Express Scripts (NASDAQ: ESRX ) ... IMMY ) to drive access to a low-cost alternative to ... toxoplasmosis that has been recently priced out of reach for ... systems. --> --> Imprimis ... (a form of folic acid) for $1 per capsule for people ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: