Navigation Links
New risk factor for developing breast cancer
Date:11/10/2010

An Australian research team from the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, the University of Melbourne and the University of Queensland has identified a new risk factor for developing breast cancer. This has been published online in the journal Cancer Prevention Research.

The risk factor involves a modification (DNA methylation) to the BRCA1 gene. BRCA1 is known for its involvement in breast and ovarian cancer. Women with mutations in this gene, which inactivates its function, are predisposed to these diseases.

The DNA methylation modification is known as an epimutation and acts to turn off the BRCA1 gene from its normal protective function against breast cancer. It is not considered a genetic mutation as it does not directly affect the sequence of the gene like a mutation but nevertheless inactivates the normal protective function of the gene.

The study involved women diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 40 years for whom BRCA1 mutations had not been identified. The epimutation was found in the blood of some women with breast cancer, especially those who develop the same type of breast cancer that develops in women with a BRCA1 mutation. However, unlike mutations in the BRCA1 gene, these epimutations appear not to be inherited and the relatives of women with epimutations are not at increased risk of breast or ovarian cancer.

Professor Melissa Southey from the University of Melbourne Department of Pathology, co-leader of the Australian Breast Cancer Family Study and a senior author on the paper said factors that triggered epimutations that stopped the gene BRCA1 from doing its usual job of preventing breast cancer might cause the same proportion of early-onset breast cancers (10%) as do inherited faults in this gene.

"For about 3-4% of young women, their BRCA1 gene has been made less capable of preventing breast cancers by some unknown factors. This places them at a 3.5-fold increased risk of breast cancer. This discovery of this modification in BRCA1 gene provides impetus for further work in this area," she said.

Associate Professor Alexander Dobrovic from the Pathology Department of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre and the lead investigator on this collaborative study said that the discovery of this epimutation in the peripheral blood indicated that it was present in many tissues of the body.

"This is highly significant for the understanding of mechanisms of breast cancer development as it could drive the development of breast cancer in the same way as a mutation. Many questions remain unanswered, in particular what triggers this epimutation and whether women carrying this risk factor can reduce their risk by dietary or pharmacological intervention."

Testing for this risk factor will be unavailable until answers to these and other questions are known.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rebecca Scott
rebeccas@unimelb.edu.au
61-383-440-181
University of Melbourne
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Growth factor regenerates tooth supporting structures: Results of a large randomized clinical trial
2. Taking the fear factor out of cancer
3. Fox Chase researchers identify risk factors for the spread of breast cancer to lymph nodes
4. Childhood stroke study identifies the contraceptive pill and smoking as risk factors
5. Study identifies 5 risk factors for late-stage head and neck cancer
6. UC San Diego researchers identify factor boosting leukemias aggressiveness
7. Hospital readmission studies: Influencing factors identified
8. Lifestyle intervention improves risk factors in type 2 diabetes
9. MSU researcher awarded $14 million to identify breast cancer risk factors
10. Molecular playbook for halting heart failure risk factor uncovered
11. Genetic factor in osteoporosis discovered
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... NuevaCare, a leading home care ... Millbrae, Belmont, and Palo Alto, is proud to announce an important upgrade to its ... look for home care close to home, and by having city-specific pages, NuevaCare is ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... , ... February 26, 2017 , ... ODH, Inc.™ ... Summit, February 27-28 at the Sheraton Pentagon City Hotel in Arlington, VA. ODH’s director ... to use behavioral health analytics to improve Medicaid population health management. , ODH will ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... HealthPostures, expert standing desk solution designer, ... built into the home office sit stand solution are bold colors, a new ... the benefits embedded in the TaskMate Go are available 24/7 through HealthPostures' online ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... An in-depth computational analysis of genetic variants implicated in both schizophrenia and ... may explain why susceptibility to one of the disorders could place individuals at lower ... the journal npj Schizophrenia. , “There is a wealth of genomic data on ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... With millions of Americans and people worldwide struggling with ... aware of our options and are empowered with strength and information throughout the ... newest edition of "Vision and Hearing" in USA Today, that will educate readers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Dry ... offering. ... Dry eye Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - 2016, provides drug pricing ... answers the following questions: What are the ... they positioned in the Global Dry eye market? What ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Medical information ... to increase their self-service capabilities to manage inquiries ... (HCPs). New research from consulting leader ... have developed self-service website portals where HCPs can ... just one of many findings to emerge from ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017 Report analyzes the ... provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada ... , Asia-Pacific , Latin ... forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, ... data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: