Navigation Links
New research suggests that gingival stem cells can be used in tissue regeneration

Alexandria, Va., USA Today, the International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) published a paper titled "Gingivae Contain Neural-crest- and Mesoderm-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells." The paper, written by lead author Songtao Shi, Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, is published in the OnlineFirst portion of the IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research.

Gingivae represent a unique soft tissue that serves as a biological barrier to cover the oral cavity side of the maxilla and mandible. Recently, the gingivae were identified as containing mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs). However, it is unknown whether the GMSCs are derived from cranial neural crest cells (CNCC) or the mesoderm.

In this study, Shi and his team of researchers demonstrated that around 90 percent of GMSCs are derived from CNCC and 10 percent from the mesoderm. In comparison with mesoderm MSCs (M-GMSCs), CNCC-derived GMSCs (N-GMSCs) show an elevated capacity to differentiate into neural cells and chondrocytes as well as to modulate immune cells. When transplanted into mice with dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis, N-GMSCs showed superior effects in ameliorating inflammatory-related disease phenotype in comparison with the M-GMSC treatment group.

Further research is required to understand the interaction between the neural crest cell derived and mesoderm derived gingivae mesenchymal stem cells (N-GMSCs and M-GMSCs) in terms of their functional roles in gingival immune defense and wound healing.

"The tooth and surrounding tissues are a rich source of stem cells, and this JDR manuscript demonstrates that gingivae contain highly proliferative stem cells from two different embryonic origins and that these cells exhibit distinct behaviors," said JDR Associate Editor Jacques Nr. "These results suggest that gingivae, an easily accessible tissue, are an attractive source for stem cells that can be used in tissue regeneration."


Contact: Ingrid L. Thomas
International & American Associations for Dental Research

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers report a complete description of gene expression in the human retina
2. Research leads to successful restoration of hearing and balance
3. Growing Up in Clean Air Improves Pollution Resistance Says Water and Health Researcher Sharon Kleyne
4. AppsGeyser Android App Builder Research Shows Ad Networks Can Increase App Store Rankings
5. Researchers Find That Setting Weight Loss Ranges Are More Beneficial than Specifics, Making Weight Loss Via Supplements Like Prescopodene More Likely
6. Chuback Medical Group Creates & Distributes Article Cautioning Health Consumers to Do Their Research on Vein Specialists Before Seeking Varicose Vein Treatment
7. Single dose of ADHD drug can reduce fall risk in older adults -- Ben-Gurion U researchers
8. Market for Oxygen & Portable Oxygen Concentrator (POC) 2019 Analysis & Forecast in New Research Report at
9. Biological and Biochemical Product Manufacturing in China Industry Research Report – Now Available from IBISWorld
10. UCLA researchers find link between intestinal bacteria and white blood cell cancer
11. Orphan Drug Market to Reach $112 Billion in 2017: Bcc Research
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article ... University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that laws requiring bicyclists ... The article explains that part of the reason for the controversial conclusion is that, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... The rapid speed at which Americans are aging ... is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other cognitive conditions becoming more prevalent. ... part of this equation: 80 percent of medical care occurs in the home, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... An inventor, ... to dispense prescription medications at home, so he invented the patent-pending ELECTRONIC M.D. ... dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could help to prevent potential overdose ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just ... is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, ... price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 kinetic ... Fasion, video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. ... presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of FCPX's ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... Netherlands , November 26, 2015 ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy ... Netherlands has found that immunotherapy can be ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> --> ... find optimal contrast weighting of MRI for patients with ... a research agreement with SyntheticMR in order to use SyMRI ... is possible to generate multiple contrast images from a single ... left, thus making it possible to both fine tune images ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ... transplantation is expected to boost the market growth, as 3D ... --> 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: