Navigation Links
New research suggests that gingival stem cells can be used in tissue regeneration

Alexandria, Va., USA Today, the International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) published a paper titled "Gingivae Contain Neural-crest- and Mesoderm-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells." The paper, written by lead author Songtao Shi, Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, is published in the OnlineFirst portion of the IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research.

Gingivae represent a unique soft tissue that serves as a biological barrier to cover the oral cavity side of the maxilla and mandible. Recently, the gingivae were identified as containing mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs). However, it is unknown whether the GMSCs are derived from cranial neural crest cells (CNCC) or the mesoderm.

In this study, Shi and his team of researchers demonstrated that around 90 percent of GMSCs are derived from CNCC and 10 percent from the mesoderm. In comparison with mesoderm MSCs (M-GMSCs), CNCC-derived GMSCs (N-GMSCs) show an elevated capacity to differentiate into neural cells and chondrocytes as well as to modulate immune cells. When transplanted into mice with dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis, N-GMSCs showed superior effects in ameliorating inflammatory-related disease phenotype in comparison with the M-GMSC treatment group.

Further research is required to understand the interaction between the neural crest cell derived and mesoderm derived gingivae mesenchymal stem cells (N-GMSCs and M-GMSCs) in terms of their functional roles in gingival immune defense and wound healing.

"The tooth and surrounding tissues are a rich source of stem cells, and this JDR manuscript demonstrates that gingivae contain highly proliferative stem cells from two different embryonic origins and that these cells exhibit distinct behaviors," said JDR Associate Editor Jacques Nr. "These results suggest that gingivae, an easily accessible tissue, are an attractive source for stem cells that can be used in tissue regeneration."


Contact: Ingrid L. Thomas
International & American Associations for Dental Research

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers report a complete description of gene expression in the human retina
2. Research leads to successful restoration of hearing and balance
3. Growing Up in Clean Air Improves Pollution Resistance Says Water and Health Researcher Sharon Kleyne
4. AppsGeyser Android App Builder Research Shows Ad Networks Can Increase App Store Rankings
5. Researchers Find That Setting Weight Loss Ranges Are More Beneficial than Specifics, Making Weight Loss Via Supplements Like Prescopodene More Likely
6. Chuback Medical Group Creates & Distributes Article Cautioning Health Consumers to Do Their Research on Vein Specialists Before Seeking Varicose Vein Treatment
7. Single dose of ADHD drug can reduce fall risk in older adults -- Ben-Gurion U researchers
8. Market for Oxygen & Portable Oxygen Concentrator (POC) 2019 Analysis & Forecast in New Research Report at
9. Biological and Biochemical Product Manufacturing in China Industry Research Report – Now Available from IBISWorld
10. UCLA researchers find link between intestinal bacteria and white blood cell cancer
11. Orphan Drug Market to Reach $112 Billion in 2017: Bcc Research
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Holcomb – Kreithen ... plastic surgery practices in Florida, is proud to announce that Dr. Joshua Kreithen, ... giant Ethicon Inc., a Johnson & Johnson Company. , Ethicon is a global ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... EMIGSVILLE, PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... (CCMS) software provider, has verified that their Vasont Universal Integrator (VUI) extension unites ... handle creating, editing, and managing content as a continuous process with the latest ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Maryland (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... interactions could be of critical importance to the medical schools of the future. ... exhibited its healthcare suite at the 2015 ChangeMedEd conference in Chicago, organized by ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Innovaacom, a leading provider of medical ... survey of educational needs for pharmacists worldwide. The poll of pharmacists in Europe, ... quality online and face-to-face education for pharmacists who are fast becoming the new ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... In 2016, expected coding changes are likely to include new codes for spine ... not easy to understand the effects of code changes in musculoskeletal, radiology and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nuance Communications, Inc. (NASDAQ: NUAN ) and ... today jointly announced a new integrated set of clinical ... College of Radiology,s (ACR) Imaging 3.0™ tools to enable ... current and emerging value-based payment models . ... clinical decision support, radiology reporting and image sharing technology ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  Novartis will demonstrate ... the 57 th American Society of Hematology (ASH) ... and myelomas as well as supportive care, including key ... to personalized cell therapies. The ASH Annual Meeting will ... . Novartis Oncology . "We will ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... IRVINE, Calif. and REHOVOT, Israel ... privately held specialty pharmaceutical company focused on acquiring and ... disorders, today announced the appointment of Keith A. ... directors. Gregory J. Flesher , chief executive ... experience in building successful organizations.  As chairman, he will ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: