Navigation Links
New research may lead to improved diagnosis of autism
Date:5/30/2011

OAK BROOK, Ill. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) may provide an early and objective indicator of autism, according to researchers at Columbia University in New York City, who used the technique to document language impairment in autistic children. Results of their study appear online and in the August issue of Radiology.

Autism is a spectrum disorder characterized by repetitive behaviors and impaired language, communication and social interactions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is estimated that as many as one in every 110 children is affected by autism.

"With the extraordinarily high prevalence of autism, you would think there would be an objective diagnosis for the disorder," said Joy Hirsch, Ph.D., a professor at Columbia University Medical Center and director of the Functional MRI Laboratory. "However, the diagnosis of autism currently remains limited to parent and clinician observation of missed developmental milestones."

In the study, researchers performed fMRI exams on 15 control children (mean age: 12.1) and 12 language-impaired and age-matched autistic children (mean age: 12.4). Using fMRI, the researchers were able to measure neural activity in working brain tissues, while the children listened to recordings of their parents talking to them.

Activation levels during passive stimulation were measured within two regions of the brain: the primary auditory cortex (A1) and superior temporal gyrus (STG), a region associated with sentence comprehension. Brain activation maps for each patient were then computed using statistical linear modeling.

Activity in the A1 region of the brain did not differ between autistic and control patients. However, activation within the STG was greater for control children relative to autistic patients.

"These findings first tell us that the autistic children in our study appeared normal with respect to the primary auditory system," Dr. Hirsch said. "But it appears that the STG in the autistic brains was not as sensitive to the language narratives as was the STG in the brains of the typical children."

An additional 27 autistic children undergoing routine MRI exams with sedation were also included in the study. Using a similar analysis of sedation-adjusted values from the control group, the researchers identified 26 of 27 (96 percent) sedated autistic patients with autism.

"This study suggests that fMRI acquired during listening to a language narrative can be used to distinguish children with autism from those without," Dr. Hirsch said. "Based on these initial findings, future studies using these or similar fMRI methods may result in an early and objective imaging indicator for autism."

Some children with autism spectrum disorders can benefit from intensive behavior therapy, but early intervention is key.

"The need for an early, objective diagnosis is enormous," Dr. Hirsch said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Embedded Mobile & M2M Device revenues to Rise to Almost $19 Billion Globally by 2014, Says Juniper Research
2. 2010 HSR Impact Award recognizes surgical safety research
3. MSU launches first anti-counterfeiting research program
4. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
5. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
6. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
7. Family Research Council: Planned Parenthood Report Oversexualizes Ten-Year-Olds, Undermines Parental Authority
8. Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $1 Million to Drive Critical New Research Tools and Technologies in Parkinsons Drug Development
9. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
10. International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
11. Gladstones Robert Mahley to receive Research!America advocacy award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Kenall Manufacturing, a leader in sealed healthcare ... The MPCNGX is a multi-function, sealed, LED luminaire that meets the needs of everyone ... when it’s needed. , A 2’ x 4’ model features four modes: ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... OC87 Recovery Diaries ... schizophrenic mother in a unique, personal perspective through animation. , That woman ... addictive disorders at her private psychotherapy practice. Sheri’s mother, Pearl, lived with schizophrenia. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Castle Dermatology Institute is now offering liquid facelifts with ... appearance to the face. Dr. Peyman Ghasri and Dr. Pedram Ghasri, San Fernando ... to rejuvenate and renew the facial appearance. , Sculptra is a highly effective ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 07, 2016 , ... When it came time to blow out his candles on his 14th ... Pediatric Heart Transplant team at Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital surprised his family with ... 30th heart transplant recipient. , “He was playing at home, when we got the ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... TX (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... offering insurance and financial planning services to families and business owners in the ... funds on behalf of the Dallas Fallen Officer Foundation. , Established in 2009 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)...  Licenders is bringing their 100% all-natural lice removal service to ... at 203 13 th Street was specifically chosen to make ... "Our goal is to ease parents, stress and bring their ... children right back to class without skipping a beat. The best ... for the whole family," Licenders President Adie Horowitz states. ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 6, 2016  "Blood Tests replace Surgical Biopsies. ... The Diagnostic, Monitoring and Screening Test opportunities ... is occurring using in vitro blood testing to ... impressive backing, has announced a single blood test ... faster than the market. New technology that definitively ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016 Diabetes & Obesity Drug Development Pipeline ... disease cluster is currently dominated by therapeutics indicated for ... mellitus (T2DM), and the majority of the pipeline, in ... attributable to these indications. While products indicated for obesity ... are a large number of these products in the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: