Navigation Links
New research from Psychological Science
Date:11/2/2010

A Spontaneous Self-Reference Effect in Memory: Why Some Birthdays Are Harder to Remember Than Others (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/21/10/1525.abstract)

Selin Kesebir and Shigehiro Oishi

People may have a better memory for birthdays that are closer to their own: Volunteers recalling their friends' birthdays tended to remember birthdays that were closer to their own than birthdays that were farther away from their own birthday. In a separate experiment, after reading brief biographies of people they did not know, volunteers correctly remembered the birthdays of the people whose birthdays were closer to their own than birthdays that were more distant. These findings indicate that the self-reference effect in memorya memory advantage for materials that are related to usmay occur spontaneously if the material to be learned automatically activates self-relevant information.

The Implicit "Go": Masked Action Cues Directly Mobilize Mental Effort (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/21/10/1389.abstract)

Guido H.E. Gendolla and Nicolas Silvestrini

The amount of effort individuals exert on a cognitive task may be influenced by masked action or inaction cues. Volunteers were primed with action (e.g., run), inaction (e.g., slow), or control words and completed a short-term memory task. The intensity of effort volunteers exerted on the task was estimated by measuring their heart responses in the cardiac preejection period (PEP; an index of the heart's ability to contract) as they completed the task. PEP reactivity was stronger in the action-prime condition than it was during the inaction-prime and control conditions. Reaction times were longer in the inaction-prime condition than they were in the action-primed condition, suggesting that reaction times decrease with strong PEP reactivity.

The Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Genotype, Parental Depression, and Relationship Discord in Predicting Early-Emerging Negative Emotionality (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/04/0956797610385357.abstract)

Elizabeth P. Hayden, Daniel N. Klein, Lea R. Dougherty, Thomas M. Olino, Margaret W. Dyson, C. Emily Durbin, Haroon I. Sheikh, and Shiva M. Singh

The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is thought to influence children's propensity to negative emotions, but this influence may depend on family environment during early childhood. Children with a specific mutation in the BDNF gene (a valine-to-methionine substitution) exhibited elevated negative emotionality, but only when a parent had a history of depressive disorder or when parents' relationship was discordant. In contrast, children with the methionine mutation exhibited very low negative emotionality when parental depression was absent and when the parents' relationship was not discordant. These results indicate that the BDNF mutation may increase a child's sensitivity to both positive and negative influences in their environment.

Does Facial Processing Prioritize Change Detection? Change Blindness Illustrates Costs and Benefits of Holistic Processing (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/08/0956797610385952.abstract)

Miko M. Wilford and Gary L. Wells

When we get a haircut, our friends will often note that we look different, but they may not be able to pinpoint what has changed. This may result from our tendency to process faces as a wholeholisticallyrather than as individual features. Volunteers were shown an image of a face or a house, followed by a similar image which may or may not have changed. They were better at detecting that a change had occurred in faces than in houses, but were better at identifying which feature had changed in houses than faces. These findings suggest that holistic and featural processing may be both advantageous and disadvantageous, depending on the nature of the task.

Border Bias: The Belief That State Borders Can Protect Against Disasters (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/12/0956797610385950.abstract)

Arul Mishra and Himanshu Mishra

Perception of risk plays a large role in decisions that individuals make and there is new evidence that state borders may influence risk perception. Volunteers were ask to select among vacation homes in two different states. When they read that an earthquake had struck one of the states, they tended to choose a home in the other state. The findings of subsequent experiments suggest that people categorize locations within a state differently than locations in different states. This categorization may result in the perception of state borders as being physical barriers that can block out disasters, a finding that has important policy implications (e.g., disaster-warning procedures).

Dissociable Neural Systems Support Retrieval of How and Why Action Knowledge (http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/18/0956797610386618.abstract)

Robert P. Spunt, Emily B. Falk, and Matthew D. Lieberman

Actions consist of two parts: how (e.g., physical movements) and why (e.g., beliefs and intentions of the actor). Where do these two aspects of action knowledge arise in the brain? fMRI scans were obtained as volunteers thought about how or why they would perform certain actions. How action knowledge was associated with motor systems for executing actions and the visual system for recognizing action-related objects. Why action knowledge was associated with the brain regions involved in agency and reasoning about mental states. These findings indicate that the brain may distinguish how to do something from why it is being done in the first place.


'/>"/>

Contact: Keri Chiodo
kchiodo@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Severely injured should go directly to trauma center: Research
2. International summit held to stimulate collaborative clinical research on antiphospholipid syndrome
3. Fox Chase researchers identify risk factors for the spread of breast cancer to lymph nodes
4. Research explores lung cancer among pediatric cancer patients
5. Mayo researchers find mortality rates from liver diseases underestimated
6. Inhaled steroids increase diabetes risk, say Lady Davis Institute researchers
7. Researchers develop successful method for extracting and archiving patient radiation dose info
8. Shuttle mice to boost disease research
9. 2010 Vanderbilt Prize awarded to Duke University researcher
10. Hutchinson Center and China CDC sign agreement for research and training collaboration
11. Potential new treatment for deadly nipah and hendra viruses identified by Weill Cornell researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 07, 2016 , ... Delete® - Tattoo Removal and Laser Salon Offers Delightful ... Save Up To 33% Off Botox® and Juvederm® Products Now Through December 31, 2016 ... Delightful Deals on Botox® and Juvederm® just in time for the holiday ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... "ProBrand Flip allows FCPX editors to create unique logo reveals ... of Pixel Film Studios. , ProBrand Flip includes 30 flip book reveal animations. Easily ... from a variety of flip book animations. In Addition, users can modify each preset ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... Road To Restoration”: an informative and enlightening book for those who believe that ... “The Road To Restoration” is the creation of published author, Thomas Fitzhugh Sheets, seventy-one-year-old ... you could reach out for, and grab, on the old carousels. If you ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... (PRWEB) December 07, 2016 , ... Angioma ... by cerebral cavernous angiomas, was awarded a grant from the Julian Grace Foundation ... New Mexico has more people with cavernous angioma than anywhere in the world. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... , ... "Hacking into my medical record wouldn’t be hard for my boyfriend, ... "Margaret in Berlin," Book Twelve in the Margaret of Greenwich ® Young Adult ... novels narrate the lives of a poor teenager and her wealthy friends in the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... LONDON , Dec. 6, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Review, H2 2016 Summary Global ... pipeline guide Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) – ... of the Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) (Metabolic ... is a genetic disorder which is caused ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016   AlloSource , ... cellular, bone, skin and soft-tissue allografts for use ... Business Process Manager, for being named to the ... National Quality Award by the Commerce Department,s National ... organization,s commitment to process excellence. The Baldrige Award ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016 Two new ... personnel in a simulated mass casualty event Tuesday at ... . The technology debuted before an audience including ... and representatives from Homeland Security, Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, ... Project, known as HiRO (Health Integrated Rescue Operations), was ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: