Navigation Links
New oncolytic virus shows improved effectiveness in preclinical testing
Date:10/27/2011

COLUMBUS, Ohio A new fourth-generation oncolytic virus designed to both kill cancer cells and inhibit blood-vessel growth has shown greater effectiveness than earlier versions when tested in animal models of human brain cancer.

Researchers at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC James) are developing the oncolytic virus as a treatment for glioblastoma, the most common and deadly form of brain cancer (average survival: 15 months after diagnosis).

The new oncolytic virus, called 34.5ENVE, improved survival of mice with transplanted human glioblastoma tumors by 50 percent in a majority of cases compared with the previous-generation oncolytic virus.

The study was published online in the journal Molecular Therapy.

"These findings show the amazing therapeutic efficacy of this new oncolytic virus against four different glioblastoma models in animals," says cancer researcher Dr. Balveen Kaur, associate professor of neurological surgery, and a member of the OSUCCC James viral oncology research program.

The new oncolytic virus is engineered to replicate in cells that express the protein nestin. First identified as a marker for neuronal stem cells, nestin is also expressed in glioblastoma and other malignancies including gastrointestinal, pancreatic, prostate and breast cancer.

"We believe that nestin-driven oncolytic viruses will prove valuable for the treatment of many types of cancer," Kaur says.

The new oncolytic virus also carries a gene to inhibit tumor blood-vessel growth. That gene, called Vstat120, was added to increase its anti-tumor effectiveness and prolong the virus's presence within tumors.

In this study of eight animals with intracranial tumors, six lived longer than 80 days, and these were later found to be tumor free. By comparison, control mice survived a median of 20 days, and mice treated with a first-, a second-, and a third-generation oncolytic virus survived 33, 34 and 53 days, respectively.

"Magnetic resonance imaging and histological analyses revealed extensive tumor destruction in animals treated with 34.5 ENVE," says Kaur, who is also chief of Ohio State's Dardinger Laboratory of Neurosciences. "We hope that we can soon evaluate the safety of this virus in patients with cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Darrell.Ward@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Oncolytic viruses effectively target and kill pancreatic cancer stem cells
2. BUSM researchers show an oncolytic virus switches off cancer cell survival signal
3. Oncolytic viruses mediating anti-tumor immunity in human cancer patients
4. Oncos Therapeutics raises €4 million ($5.3 million) to develop oncolytic viruses into cancer treatment
5. Veterinary researchers discover first US strains of hepatitis E virus from rabbits
6. Robins Are Super-Spreaders of West Nile Virus, Expert Says
7. Antibody treatment protects monkeys from Hendra virus disease
8. Researchers from Boston University receive grant to develop improved virus detection system
9. Treatment of common virus can reduce tumour growth
10. Could targeting a virus treat a common pediatric brain tumor?
11. UCLA scientists find H1N1 flu virus prevalent in animals in Africa
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... TX (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... planning agency serving communities in the greater Dallas, Miami, and Raleigh regions, is ... boy fighting to overcome a rare and deadly chromosome abnormality. , After struggling ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) Board of Directors has ... succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton will serve in the ... at the end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of President and CEO on ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, ... member of ElderCounsel, a national organization of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. ... and rules. It also provides a forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, ... in business to advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in ... around the globe, and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in ... awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The ... enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/28/2017)... Cohen Veterans Bioscience and Early Signal Foundation announce a ... sensors for real-time monitoring of patients with trauma-related and ... focused on disruptive health solutions for rare disorders and ... record and integrate behavioral, cognitive, physiological and contextual data. ... ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... , Sept. 25, 2017   Montrium ... Master File solutions, today—from the IQPC Trial Master ... , NL)—announced that EastHORN Clinical Services has ... clinical programs and TMF management. EastHORN, a leading ... eTMF platform to increase transparency to enable greater ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... -- As the latest Obamacare repeal effort moves is debated, ... and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) medical device market ... is in an odd place.  The industry wants repeal ... on medical device sales passed along with the Affordable ... visits and hospital customers with the funding to invest ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: