Navigation Links
New mouse model for testing cancer drugs
Date:7/19/2011

FRANKFURT. Only one in twenty cancer drugs makes its way from the laboratory to become an approved pharmaceutical product. The majority of new agents are only shown to be unsuitable in the later phases of clinical development which would explain the exorbitantly high development costs of 500 to 600 million euros per new cancer drug. In order to recognize at an earlier stage which side effects are associated with the use of new cancer drugs, a research group under the guidance of the Goethe University has developed a new mouse model. In cooperation with the companies Bayer Schering Pharma AG and Taconic Artemis GmbH, the researchers were the first to simulate drug-induced inhi-bition what is currently one of the most attractive target genes for new cancer drugs. They were able to demonstrate that, as a result of this, the rapid division of cancer cells was prevented while healthy cells were hardly affected. This study has been published in the current issue of the prestigious journal, Nature Communications.

The cancer gene, polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1), which is currently the subject of intense investigation, plays a central role in cell division. However, up to now, it has not been possible with classical mouse model to investigate what would happen if this gene were to be silenced in adult animals since the latter is indispensable to embryonic de-velopment. The researchers working together with Prof. Klaus Strebhardt from the Centre for Gynecology and Obstetrics at Frankfurt's University Hospital thus devised a method of silencing the gene at any point during the lifetime of the new transgenic mouse. To this end, they expressed short RNAs with a length of 20 to 22 base pairs in the cells of the mice. These short RNAs prevent the information which is read by the cancer gene from being converted into proteins. This method known as RNA interfe-rence was further developed by the researchers into an inducible system: The design is such that the expression of Plk1-specific RNA and, in turn, the silencing of the gene is only induced by the antibiotic Doxycycline. The mice are therefore able to mature and the relevant gene is not knocked down using Doxycycline until the mice have reached adult age.

The working group supervised by Prof. Strebhardt in cooperation with Bayer Schering Pharma AG and Taconic Artemis GmbH developed the mouse model (Plk1 iKD animals). The mice were subsequently phenotypically characterized. This was done together with the Helmholtz Center in Munich, Munich's two universities as well as the universities of Gieen and Hamburg. "Surprisingly, despite the efficient knock-down of Plk1 in various tissues of the mouse following administration of Doxycycline over a six-week period, no major structural or functional anomalies were identified," reported Strebhardt. "This observation is diametrically opposed to the role of Plk1 in cancer cells of varying origins which, following the inhibition of Plk1, quickly cease dividing and go into apoptosis." In order to further verify the surprising findings in the Plk1 iKD animals, the researchers examined various primary cells in culture under controlled conditions. Just as previously in the animal experiment, Plk1 expression was inhibited through RNA interference and analyzed. In this system, too, the results of the animal experiments were confirmed: In contrast to tumor cells, healthy cells are only dependent on Plk1 expression to a minimal degree. As such, healthy cells are virtually undamaged if the Plk1 gene is silenced while the cancer cells are combated.

"Inducible RNAi-based mouse models represent an attractive way of reversibly con-trolling gene expression in order to study the targeted inactivation of genes. Our work is a feasibility study which considers whether inducible RNAi-based mouse models are suitable for predicting the toxicity of targeted cancer drugs," explained Klaus Strebhardt. "The similar results of the Plk1 knockdown in transgenic animals and cultivated primary cells have served to validate the preclinical relevance and the predictive value of the inducible iKD mouse model. This new animal model provides information on mechanism-based toxicities which could occur as a result of the pharmacological inhibition of Plk1. Our approach can be applied to many other can-cer-relevant target genes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Prof. Klaus Strebhardt
Strebhardt@em.uni-frankfurt.de
49-696-301-6894
Goethe University Frankfurt
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Human Stem Cells Used to Fix Damaged Mouse Heart
2. Mouse Study Uncovers the Roots of Gray Hair
3. Mouse Study Reveals How Smoking Helps Keep People Thin
4. Apples Help Keep Muscles Strong, Mouse Study Finds
5. Scientists create humanized mouse model for hepatitis C
6. Pitt researchers build a better mouse model to study depression
7. Mouse study turns fat-loss/longevity link on its head
8. Fox Chase researchers report that naproxen reduces tumors in a mouse model of colon cancer
9. Sleeping through danger: the dormouse approach to survival
10. Mouse Sperm Successfully Grown in Lab, Researchers Say
11. Mouse cancer genome unveils genetic errors in human cancers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... MEDI+SIGN®, a provider of fully-automated patient ... solution for Emergency Departments (ED) has been added to their portfolio. Housed in ... rooms, and with a simplified pallet of information available to the patient, the ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ Society (PATS) aired ... of 2016. The program was made possible by a Pennsylvania Department of Health ... and Human Services Administration. The broadcast, Use Your Head: Properly Managing Sport ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Florida Hospital Tampa Wound Healing Institute ... (UHMS), the leading authority in hyperbaric medicine. This accreditation identifies the Institute as ... facilities have earned this distinction. This is the second time the Florida Hospital ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Pennsylvania (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Duck Donuts Franchising Company LLC, announced the first national #QuackGivesBack campaign which ... , “This was our first franchise-wide Quack Gives Back initiative, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... County, a Property owned by an affiliate of Seavest, has won a prestigious ... Medicine Southern Chester County ambulatory care center (ACC) was named “Best New Development, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Australia Ophthalmic ... new report, "Australia Ophthalmic Lasers Market Outlook to 2022", ... market. The report provides value, in millions of US ... market segements - Excimer Lasers, Femtosecond Lasers and YAG ... distribution shares data for each of these market segements, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Global Interventional ... on the global interventional radiology market analyzes the ... report comprises an elaborate executive summary, including a ... segments and sub-segments. The research is a ... formed the bulk of our research efforts along ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016 Allergy Diagnostics Market: ... and tests that are used to determine the ... milk, or drugs etc. in the samples by ... immune system. The report on global allergy diagnostics ... the market. The report consists of an executive ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: