Navigation Links
New model may help predict response to chemotherapy for colorectal cancer
Date:1/16/2013

PHILADELPHIA Scientists may be able to better predict which patients with colorectal cancer will respond to chemotherapy using a new mathematical model that measures the amount of stress required for a cancer cell to die without harming healthy tissue. The results of this study are published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

"Our study demonstrates that systems medicine approaches (i.e., quantitative analysis of multiple factors in patients' samples combined with mathematical modeling) have a significant advantage over other approaches in predicting therapy responses in patients," said Jochen J.M. Prehn, Ph.D., director of the Centre for Systems Medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is believed to be a hallmark of cancer resistance to chemotherapy. Prior research has shown that the key step in apoptosis, the process that leads to mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) is controlled by different members of the BCL-2 family of proteins. Some family members promote apoptosis and some prevent it. In addition, those proteins that have the same effects on apoptosis work in parallel and can substitute for each other, which makes it difficult to predict whether cells are likely or unlikely to die.

To better inform decision-making in chemotherapy for colorectal cancer, Prehn and colleagues developed a tool that would incorporate patient-specific, molecular data sets. They studied the BCL-2 proteins, determined levels of the individual proteins and put the levels into a mathematical model that calculated what genotoxic stress level is needed to achieve apoptosis.

"Resistance of colon cancer cells in culture, as well as treatment responses of patients with stages 2 and 3 colon cancer, were critically determined by the calculated stress level required to undergo apoptosis," Prehn said. "We found that individual patients had a high degree of heterogeneity in BCL-2 family protein levels and that this was a potential cause of the success or failure of adjuvant chemotherapy."

Prehn and colleagues tested a clinical decision-making tool that they call DR_MOMP to determine its use in predicting treatment responses in patients with colon cancer. Using DR_MOMP, they were able to robustly predict patient outcome.

"This finding may provide a clinical decision-making tool that enables predictions of treatment responses in patients with colon cancer," Prehn said. "As we provide a quantitative, dynamic analysis of the process of apoptosis, we can also calculate, for individual patients, the therapeutic window."

The model could help predict how much genotoxic stress is required for a cancer cell to die before normal tissue is affected. Prehn and colleagues hope to validate DR_MOMP in other cancers and in larger patient cohorts.

"We need to develop easy and accessible protein profiling and modeling platforms that enable the implementation of this new technology in clinical trials and in pathology laboratories," Prehn said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jeremy Moore
jeremy.moore@aacr.org
215-446-7109
American Association for Cancer Research
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UK-Based Laminin Solutions and NLP Logix Formalize Agreement to Leverage the Power and Flexibility of M-Files with Big Data Predictive Modeling
2. Just what the doctor ordered for the New Year- New Talent with Nancy Di Nino’s BRAVADO, Branding, Marketing & Management Services for athletes & models
3. New Model [ZT-F1012-31221A] T10 Tube has been Added to Zhongtian Lighting’s Production Line
4. American Crane's Website Now Includes 3D Models!
5. New rat model for muscle regeneration after trauma-related soft tissue injury
6. NLP Logix Signed to Provide Predictive Modeling Services for Worker Compensation Physical Therapy Provider
7. Supportive role models, coping lead to better health in poor teens
8. Researchers find model system to study promising cancer drug
9. Predicting risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death: Theres a computer model for that
10. New hormone therapy shows promise for menopausal symptoms in animal model
11. Kentucky team inhibits Alzheimers biomarkers in animal model by targeting astrocytes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... Cifolelli has joined the company as Vice President of Sales. Cifolelli’s primary ... and international sales in the rapidly expanding field of organizational social engineering. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... i2i, ... identity and website at its “Transforming Outcomes” User Conference in Las Vegas on ... i2i’s ongoing success to set the market standard for meaningful population health management. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Educational opportunities, ... housing, with more advantaged communities providing richer opportunities. Recognizing the key role of ... school improvement policies; (b) school choice policies; (c) school desegregation policies; (d) wealth-focused ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Georgia (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... Mental ... 1969 by the Church of Scientology and renowned professor of psychiatry Thomas Szasz, is ... of its “Psychiatry: An Industry of Death” exhibit in Atlanta, Georgia. The opening of ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... treatment for physical disease or injury that focuses on repairing the musculoskeletal and ... , With an emphasis on functional restoration, NYDNRehab began providing treatments for physical ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... LAWRENCE, Mass. , May 24, 2016  NxStage ... medical technology company focused on advancing renal care, today ... Officer, plans to participate in the following schedule of ... will be made available at http://ir.nxstage.com/ . ... Jefferies Healthcare Conference NY, NY           Friday, ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016  Joe Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior vice president ... today. In his new role, Marziani will lead the company,s business development and sales ... improve outcomes. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... doble terapia del mundo, introduce catéteres para la ... OrbusNeich, una compañía global especializada en el ... ha expandido su cartera incluyendo productos para tratar ... y Scoreflex™ PTA son los dispositivos de primera ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: