Navigation Links
New insights into when beach sand may become unsafe for digging and other contact
Date:4/11/2012

With summer days at the beach on the minds of millions of winter-weary people, a new study provides health departments with information needed to determine when levels of disease-causing bacteria in beach sand could pose a risk to children and others who dig or play in the sand. The report appears in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Tomoyuki Shibata and Helena M. Solo-Gabriele explain that disease-causing bacteria from sewage can cause skin infections and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in people who come into contact with contaminated water. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has guidelines to determine when microbe levels in water are high enough to pose an unacceptable risk of GI illness for contact with both ocean water and freshwater. Microbes, however, tend to concentrate in higher levels in beach sand to the point where one previous study found that the sand on one fingertip, placed in the mouth, had enough germs to cause GI illness. No guidelines exist to determine when contact with beach sand might be too risky for children and others who play in beach sand, digging in it or being buried in the sand. The scientists set out to fill that knowledge gap.

The scientists used millions of computer simulations and measurements of disease-causing microbes at beaches in California and Florida to determine how many bacteria would have to be present in beach sand to exceed the EPA's guideline for water. In doing so, they established "reference levels" for beach sand that correspond to the EPA risk guidelines for water. The focus of children at the beach environment is especially important, due to play behavior at beach sites that would increase a child's exposure, the scientists noted.


'/>"/>
Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Hallmark Insights Completes SAS 70 Type II Audit
2. Employers Voice Opinions on Health Care Plans, Gain Insights on Health Care Reform
3. Happy Feet Clinic Now Open in Buffalo Grove, IL; Starting A Business in Impossible Times: Valuable Insights and Experiences
4. Rwandan genocide survivors provide new insights into resilience and PTSD
5. Carefx Delivers Expert Insights on Health Data Sharing, Collaboration, Quality and Meaningful Use
6. ADD Insights, LLC and The New England ADHD Treatment Center Announce a Joint Seminar Series: Mastering One's ADHD
7. Media Alert: Model N and International Medical Device Leader to Share Insights on Maximizing Sales Performance with Revenue Management
8. New Insights Into Whos At Risk With Angioplasty
9. New Study on Elder Care Marketing Reveals Fresh Insights in Targeting Aging Population
10. Study Offers Insights Into Male Pattern Baldness
11. Industry Veteran Bob O'Hara to Share Insights on Enterprise WLAN Market at Interop Las Vegas 2010
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... support for knees, ankles, and elbows. Engineered with athletes in mind, OMNIFORCE ... manufacturing (opposed to ineffective circular knitting, common in the industry) produces premium ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... With the stamp of approval from the ... May as National Cancer Research Month. According to the American Cancer Society (2016) ... predications of one in four Americans dying as a result. , With numbers as ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... Group is scheduled on July 25-27, 2016 at Las Vegas. It aims to ... professionals from educational institutes and research organizations across the globe; making the conference ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... An accurate ... reaching the global health community through expanding activities that embrace training, standards, technology ... the resource-limited countries. , In support of this important work, ASCP ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 03, 2016 , ... In April, Amerec launched a new website designed with ... the best steam and sauna solutions. , First, the Amerec website has been redesigned ... all of the site’s features, especially the Steam Builder Tool , to both ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... DUBLIN , May 3, 2016 ... to pay $55 million to a woman who says ... State court awarded Gloria Ristesund $5 million ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) , ... of accusations against the company. In February, the same ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... 2016 Global and Chinese ... basic overview of the industry that covers definition, ... mesh report explores into the international and Chinese ... on Surgical Mesh market spread across 150 pages ... figures is available at http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/470569-global-and-chinese-surgical-mesh-industry-2016-market-research-report.html . ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... 2016  While nearly three-quarters of Americans (71%) are ... their health, only about half report taking any steps ... of a new survey announced today by Hologic (Nasdaq: ... National Osteoporosis Month, Hologic is raising awareness of this ... million Americans. Osteoporosis is a disease that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: