Navigation Links
New grants expand US infectious disease modeling effort
Date:9/3/2009

To help the nationand the worldunderstand and prepare for contagious outbreaks, the National Institutes of Health's Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study (MIDAS) adds new research expertise to increase its capacity to simulate disease spread, evaluate different intervention strategies and help inform public health officials and policymakers.

In recent years, a number of new diseases have emerged and infected people around the world. In 2003, a respiratory illness called SARS spread quickly from China to 37 other countries. A few years later, the United States experienced a major spike in cases of MRSA, the drug-resistant "superbug" version of Staphylococcus aureus. And just this summer, an H1N1 strain of flu caused international concern as it traveled to nearly all the continents.

Some of the best available tools for studying infectious disease dynamics and interventions are computational models. They incorporate basic information about a disease and the affected communities to simulate the spread of an infectious agent under any number of conditions. The results can help scientists, health officials and policymakers develop and implement control measures both before and during an outbreak.

"Models can't tell us what will happen, but they do allow us to explore a range of possibilities for disease containment," said Jeremy M. Berg, Ph.D., director of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, the NIH component supporting MIDAS. "Since its launch in 2004, the MIDAS research network has been at the forefront of infectious disease modeling efforts, and we hope it continues to serve an important role in preparing for possible outbreaks."

The new MIDAS grants, which include two Centers of Excellence and three research projects, will receive an estimated total of up to $40 million over the next five years.

The Centers of Excellence will carry out research on modeling, develop outreach programs in public health policy and establish training programs worldwide.

  • The Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics will be led by Marc Lipsitch, D.Phil., of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. Its core research program focuses on modeling drug resistance, seasonal infectious diseases and the allocation of interventions. Its team will work closely with health officials around the world to integrate public health knowledge into the models and vice versa.

  • The Pittsburgh MIDAS Center of Excellence will be led by Donald Burke, M.D., of the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. This group will study fundamental questions about the behavioral, environmental and evolutionary factors underlying infectious disease epidemics and use this information to develop real-time models for particular localities, such as cities or states.

The three newly funded research groups will develop computational models of how infectious diseases develop, spread and can be contained or mitigated through public health interventions.

  • Diane Lauderdale, Ph.D., of the University of Chicago and Charles Macal, Ph.D., of Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois will create a dynamic model of MRSA in Chicago to examine factors contributing to its spread and to identify interventions with the greatest potential to curtail new infections.

  • Elizabeth Halloran, D.Sc., M.D., and Ira Longini, Ph.D., both of the University of Washington and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, will develop models to assess the effectiveness and optimal distribution of a variety of control measures, including vaccination, school closures and other social distancing strategies.

  • Alison Galvani, Ph.D., of the School of Public Health Yale University in New Haven, Conn., and Lauren Ancel Meyers, Ph.D., of the University of Texas at Austin will develop new models that integrate individuals' perceptions and behaviors regarding flu and will identify intervention strategies that are likely to achieve high levels of adherence and minimize influenza-related disease and mortality.

In addition to these projects, MIDAS scientists have already published preliminary findings on the origin, infectiousness and likely spread of the 2009 H1N1 virus. This research builds on the MIDAS program's existing focus on modeling pandemic flu.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emily Carlson
carlsone@nigms.nih.gov
301-496-7301
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. U.S. Labor Department Awards $10.1 Million for Safety and Health Training Grants
2. Sunesis Pharmaceuticals Reports New Option Grants Under NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4350
3. American Cancer Society awards research grants to 109 investigators at 77 institutions nationwide
4. USAID Announces First Malaria Communities Program Grants
5. The Highmark Foundation Awards $580,000 in Highmark Healthy High 5 Grants to Four Non-Profit Organizations
6. KV Pharmaceutical Company Reports Results of Special Independent Committee Review of Stock Option Grants
7. FDA Grants Clearance to Langford IC Systems, Inc.
8. Dienst Custom Homes Grants Over 40 Wishes in Three Years
9. United Animal Nations Offers Financial Assistance Grants of up to $500 to Help Southern California Fire Victims Obtain Vet Care, Temporary Boarding for Pets
10. PA Health Department Awards Community Primary Care Challenge Grants
11. FDA Grants Kiadis Pharma Lead Product ATIR Orphan Drug Designation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... The ... consultations to communities in the greater Denver region, is announcing a charity drive ... a very rare kind of epilepsy. , Until a few months ago, Dominik ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... The Karen ... services to communities in the greater Birmingham area, is joining the Chris Hammond ... young people in the region. , The Chris Hammond Youth Foundation maintains athletic ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... PHILADELPHIA (PRWEB) , ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... ARTZ Philadelphia and Theater of Witness , was awarded a $300,000 ... growing humanities program which fosters empathy, comfort with ambiguity and the recognition of ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... The Margarian Law Firm has filed a ... its ginger ale for allegedly containing no ginger. Dr. Pepper produces the “Canada Dry” ... plaintiff Gegham Margaryan alleges Canada Dry Ginger Ale claims on its bottle that it ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... , ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... medical students improve their chances of acceptance to a residency in a United ... have earned degrees outside the U.S. , According to data released by the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/13/2017)... Md. , July 13, 2017  New York City-based ... of pharmaceutical markets should be aware of.  From new products ... trends are detailed in a recently completed study, Potential ... 1.  Age-Driven Growth ... we have been aware of the impact the growing population ...
(Date:7/11/2017)...  Bayer has awarded grants totaling more than $2 million ... prestigious Bayer Hemophilia Awards Program (BHAP). Four U.S. clinicians and ... and Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in ... recipients were announced last night during a reception at the ... Berlin, Germany . ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... -- Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ORMP ) ... the development of oral drug delivery systems, announced today ... agreed to schedule an End-of-Phase II meeting with Oramed ... oral insulin capsule ORMD-0801 in the treatment of type ... secondary endpoints by indicating a statistically significant lowering of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: