Navigation Links
New fusion gene plays role in some stomach cancers
Date:4/6/2011

DURHAM, N.C. A newly discovered hybrid gene appears to play a direct role in some stomach cancers, according to an international team of scientists led by researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore.

The hybrid gene is a fusion of two separate genes, and is one of the first described in gastric cancer, which is the most lethal malignancy worldwide after lung cancer. The disease kills an estimated 740,000 people a year, including nearly 11,000 annually in the United States.

The gene discovery may one day give doctors a more effective way to use current therapies, plus help researchers develop new drugs and diagnostic tools for gastric cancer.

"This is an extremely exciting area, as it opens up a potential role for fusion genes in solid cancer diagnostics and treatment, similar to the fundamental role they have played in the blood cancers," said Dr. Patrick Tan, associate professor in the Cancer and Stem Cell Biology Program at the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore. Tan was principal investigator of the study published in the April 6, 2011, issue of the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Tan said the research team -- which also included scientists from the National University of Singapore, National Cancer Centre of Singapore, the Genome Institute of Singapore, Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea, and Howard University -- used a novel genomic approach to isolate the fusion gene.

The technology is called genomic breakpoint analysis (GBA), which has been used to identify fusion genes in leukemia, but has had less success in pinpointing them in complex solid tumors.

By using the technology to home in on abnormal genes in 133 stomach cancer tumors and cell lines, the Singapore-based research group found evidence of a single genetic error that was common to four of the cancer samples.

Finding the error led the scientists to the CD44-SLC1A2 fusion gene, which resulted when two nearby genes blended into one. The SLC1A2 gene is associated with the metabolism of the amino acid glutamate, which can work like a fertilizer encouraging tumor growth and survival, while the CD44 gene serves as a sort of "on" switch.

Melded into one, the CD44-SLC1A2 hybrid appears to fuel stomach tumors. Tan's team estimates the fusion gene may be at work in up to 2 percent of stomach cancers.

"Using high-throughput genomic technologies such as sequencing and GBA, we are now finding that cancers do express many fusion genes," Tan said. "The current feeling is that while most of these are harmless and 'noise' from genomic instability, there can be cases, such as CD44-SLC1A2, where the fusion gene contributes actively to the cancer."

The finding could lead to improved therapies for this subset of stomach cancers. As part of the study, the researchers used a gene silencing approach to reduce the levels of CD44-SLC1A2 in cancer cell lines. They found that this caused a reduction in the glutamate levels of cancer cells, and made the cells more vulnerable to the effects of cisplatin, a common chemotherapy.

"It does suggest that drugs that inhibit SLC1A2 function could be used to sensitize tumors to chemotherapy," Tan said. "Such glutamate uptake inhibitors are available, and we are working very hard to test this possibility."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Low-Dose Platelet Transfusions Deemed Safe
2. Sunquest Information Systems Enters into Business Relationship with MedFusion of Dallas
3. Complex Technologies Announces Partnership with 6fusion to Deliver Cloud Services
4. FDA Targets Safety Problems With Infusion Drug Pumps
5. FusionLab Designs Thomson Reuters iPad Application Interface for Financial Professionals, Students and Market Enthusiasts
6. Healthcare Reform Confusion May Create Coverage Gap for College Graduates
7. CareFusion Newport Jazz Festival Discounts Tickets for Health Care Practitioners
8. NHLBI funds research to improve safety of red blood cell transfusions
9. Study describes health effects of occupational exposures in Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant workers
10. Mammogram Guidelines Still Beget Confusion
11. Reducing blood transfusions improves patient safety and cuts costs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... describes the adoption of e-prescribing as measured in Part D Medicare data. The ... prescriptions to pharmacies, either using e-prescribing, faxes or paper. The PaPR (pronounced ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Infertility may be a result ... has helped many women become pregnant upon treating their diagnosis. , ... outpatient evaluations. We can provide the necessary information to diagnose and treat ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... LOUIS (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... designed specifically to improve the profitability of ready-to-drink, high-protein beverages by helping beverage ... economic alternative to dairy proteins, providing direct cost savings as well as more ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Splashtop Inc. ... Pro . This new addition to the Mirroring360 product family combines device screen ... , Mirroring360 Pro enables educators, business professionals and individuals to stream or mirror ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... HR decision-makers are preparing for how his administration could impact the employee benefits ... into what changes are most likely to make it through Congress. His discussion ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 Global ... This report on the prostate cancer therapeutics market ... global market. Increasing prevalence of prostate cancer, launch ... in the development of new drugs & therapeutic ... cancer drug due to lesser side effects are ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Companion animal vaccines ... pets such as canine, avian and feline. ... such as Attenuated Live Vaccines, Conjugate Vaccines, Inactivated ... Recombinant Vaccines. Attenuated live vaccines are derived from ... have been weakend under laboratory conditions. Conjugate vaccines ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... 2017  Cardinal Health (NYSE: CAH ) ... earnings per share (EPS) guidance and providing a preliminary ... conjunction with this morning,s announcement of the planned acquisition ... Insufficiency businesses. Cardinal Health now believes that ... at the bottom of its previous guidance range of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: