Navigation Links
New evidence strengthens link between cigarette smoke exposure and poor infant health
Date:11/4/2008

Cincinnati, OH, November 5, 2008--The damaging effects of smoking and smoke exposure can be seen at any age. Pediatricians have even noted these negative effects in various stages of infant development. The consequences of maternal smoke exposure during pregnancy can range from higher rates of prematurity to increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Two new studies and an accompanying editorial soon to be published in The Journal of Pediatrics examine several physical and behavioral effects of cigarette smoke exposure on infants.

In an attempt to understand the relationship between maternal smoking and certain birth defects, Dr. Gary Shaw of the March of Dimes and colleagues from institutes in Norway, Holland, and Texas, studied serum samples collected between 2003 and 2005 from pregnant women enrolled in the California Expanded AFP (alpha fetoprotein) program. The researchers measured the levels of cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, to determine whether the mothers smoked during pregnancy. They found that women who smoked during pregnancy were nearly 2.5 times more likely to have babies with oral clefts. According to Dr. Shaw, "Babies with oral clefts require significant medical careoften four surgeries by age twoand may have speech, hearing, and feeding problems."

In a related study, Dr. Laura Stroud and colleagues from Brown University studied the effects of cigarette smoke exposure on infant behavior. The researchers studied 56 otherwise healthy infants and used questionnaires and cotinine measurements to determine cigarette smoke exposure. They found that the 28 babies who had been exposed to cigarette smoke were more irritable and difficult to sooth than the 28 babies who were not exposed. Dr. Stroud stresses the importance of cessation programs for smoking mothers, as well as programs to help new mothers manage a baby who is difficult to soothe.

Offering a fresh perspective in their related editorial, Dr. Cynthia Bearer of the University of Maryland and Matthew Stefanak of the Mahoning County District Board of Health in Ohio consider the findings of the two studies as further evidence that smoking is a major pediatric problem. Citing the fact that 90% of smokers start smoking by the age of 18, Dr. Bearer sees prevention as the best solution and stresses the need to stop smoking before it starts. According to Dr. Bearer, "Proven prevention measures include having family dinners and focusing on the negative body impact of smoking." She suggests that the graphic portrayal of the damaging effects of tobacco use on health and physical attractiveness may be effective in deterring teens from smoking. Because parents who actively disapprove of smoking can help their children avoid the harmful effects of cigarette smoke exposure, Dr. Bearer encourages parents to take an active role in smoking prevention.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brigid Huey
journal.pediatrics@cchmc.org
513-636-7140
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. AMA Journal Publishes Study Showing Evidence of a Major Environmental Trigger For Autism
2. New evidence for homeopathy
3. First evidence that prenatal exposure to famine may lead to persistent epigenetic changes
4. AGA releases evidence-based GERD guidelines
5. New Evidence Highlights Dangers of Mercury Toxicity in Fish
6. Evidence-Based Investing: M.D. Turned Financial Advisor Diagnoses What Ails Most Investors
7. DIA Conference to Provide New Paradigms in Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Technology Assessment
8. First Comprehensive Reference on Evidence-Based Design Published
9. Louisiana May Mandate Fluoridation Despite Evidence of Harm
10. Experts from 10 countries develop first evidence-based definition of lifelong premature ejaculation
11. Researchers find first conclusive evidence of Alzheimers-like brain tangles in nonhuman primates
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... While James Earl Jones is known for myriad ... a show called "Front Page". One of the forthcoming episodes examines mammogram techniques; a ... plummeted in large part due to early detection. Like any other disease, treatments have ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... Penrose Senior Care Auditors® was ... Tuesday evening at the 26th Annual SMU Cox Dallas 100™ Awards Ceremony and ... Institute for Entrepreneurship. Dallas 100™, co-founded by the Caruth Institute, honors the ingenuity, ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 04, 2016 , ... Patients who wish ... take advantage of a cosmetic procedure known as Carbon Dioxide (C02) Fractional ... appearance of age spots, fine lines, uneven coloration, wrinkles, scarring, skin laxity ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... ... Responsible dental care hinges on regular brushing of the teeth. However, just brushing ... inspired an inventor from Las Vegas, Nev., to design the BRUSH PROPER. , ... bad techniques of brushing the teeth in order to prevent cavities," he said. "Children ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Lori G. Cohen and ... will speak at the American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug & Medical Device Litigation ... Lead Sponsor of the conference. , Cohen, who chairs the firm’s Pharmaceutical, Medical Device ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/5/2016)... OSWEGO, Ore. , Dec. 5, 2016   ... the BioInsight clinical study. The study evaluates the safety ... insertion procedure in an office setting. BioMonitor ... ® technology that is placed underneath a patient,s ... fibrillation and syncope (fainting). Atrial fibrillation is a leading ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... PITTSBURGH , Dec. 5, 2016  Wellbridge Health and ... innovative digital health solutions to Medicare and Medicaid plan members ... effort targeted at the unique needs of this group of ... on social work philosophies to provide insight into members, daily ... , ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... N.J. , Dec. 5, 2016  Daiichi ... preliminary safety and efficacy data from a phase ... MDM2 inhibitor, suggesting that DS-3032 may be a ... myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). ... the phase 1 study of DS-3032 were presented in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: