Cambridge, Mass.June 8, 2009The American Academy of Arts and Sciences has published a volume of essays, "Using Imaging to Identify Deceit: Scientific and Ethical Questions," examining the scientific support for using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to recognize deception.
The seven essays, authored by scholars of neuroscience, law, and philosophy, also consider the legal and ethical concerns raised when machine-based means are employed to identify deceit.
"The pace of scientific discovery and the subsequent applications of new technology create questions that extend beyond the boundaries of science," says neuroscientist Emilio Bizzi, President of the American Academy and Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "This adaptation of medical technology generates unique legal and ethical concerns that benefit from the thoughtful opinions of this diverse collection of scholars."
The authors of express a dim view of lie detection based on fMRI technology. They also consider the widely used polygraph and conclude that both it and fMRI are unreliable. The full text of the volume is available at http://www.amacad.org/publications/deceit.aspx.
Using Imaging to Identify Deceit: Scientific and Ethical Questions includes the following essays:
by Emilio Bizzi, Institute Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Steven E. Hyman, Provost, Harvard University and Professor of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School
"An Introduction to Functional Brain Imaging in the Cortex of Lie Detection"
by Marcus E. Raichle, Professor of Radiology, Neurology, Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis
"The Use of fMRI in Lie Detection: What Has Been Show and What Has Not"
by Nancy Kanwisher, Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Cognit
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American Academy of Arts and Sciences