Navigation Links
New discovery could lead to vaccines for plague and bacterial pneumonias
Date:1/25/2011

Saranac Lake, N.Y. There is an ongoing battle in the "war on terror" that remains mostly unseen to the public -- a race between scientists working to develop a vaccine to protect against plague and the terrorists who seek to use plague as a weapon.

"Governments remain concerned that bioweapons of aerosolized Yersinia pestis, the bacteria that causes plague, could kill thousands," said Stephen Smiley, a leading plague researcher and Trudeau Institute faculty member.

The anthrax scare that followed the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, made the threat of bioterrorism real and led to a surge in federal funding into research aimed at heading off such threats.

According to Dr. Smiley, there is no licensed plague vaccine in the United States. Together with postdoctoral associate Jr-Shiuan Lin, he is working to develop a vaccine that will protect members of the armed services and public from a "plague bomb."

Yersinia pestis is arguably the most deadly bacteria known to man. Plague infections of the lung, known as pneumonic plague, are extremely lethal. The bacteria, which grow both inside and outside the cells of the lung, usually lead to death within a week of infection.

Most of the plague vaccine candidates that have been studied aim to stimulate B cells to produce plague-fighting antibodies. However, animal studies suggest that antibodies may not be enough to protect humans from pneumonic plague. The Smiley laboratory has shown that T cells can also fight plague. The lab previously demonstrated that a single immunization with an experimental vaccine stimulates the production of T cells that provide partial protection against pneumonic plague.

New data, reported in the current issue of The Journal of Immunology, show that a second immunization, or booster, improves the protection provided by T cells. "It is particularly exciting that the boost seems to improve protection by increasing a newly described type of T cell, which we call a Th1-17 cell," said Dr. Smiley. These cells have characteristics of both Th1 cells, which defend against intracellular bacteria, and Th17 cells, which specialize at killing extracellular threats.

This research is focused primarily on thwarting the use of plague as a bioweapon. However, small, natural outbreaks of plague continue to this day. A plague vaccine will protect against both naturally occurring outbreaks and those that have been manufactured.

Additionally, Dr. Smiley believes these Th1-17 cells may be important in fighting other kinds of pneumonia: "Bacterial pneumonia is one of the most common causes of death in hospitals and, like plague, many of these pneumonias are caused by bacteria that grow both inside and outside the cells of our bodies."


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Turner
bturner@trudeauinstitute.org
518-891-3080
Trudeau Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. UCSF Enters Drug Discovery Agreement with Genentech
2. UCSF enters drug discovery agreement with Genentech
3. New discovery: Plaice are spotted (on the inside)
4. SeqWright Advances Genomic Discovery With Isilon IQ
5. Effective prostate cancer treatment discovery
6. Co-Creator of Six Sigma Unveils “The Great Discovery” ... the 4th Generation of Six Sigma
7. U discovery gives insight into brain replay process
8. Discovery of cellular switch may provide new means of triggering cell death, treating disease
9. Discovery May Lead to Better Multiple Sclerosis Treatments
10. Astrogenetix Narrows in on MRSA Virulence Onboard Discovery
11. TGen Drug Development partners with Horizon Discovery for integrated personalized medicine service
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New discovery could lead to vaccines for plague and bacterial pneumonias
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... NuevaCare, a leading home care ... Millbrae, Belmont, and Palo Alto, is proud to announce an important upgrade to its ... look for home care close to home, and by having city-specific pages, NuevaCare is ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... , ... February 26, 2017 , ... ODH, Inc.™ ... Summit, February 27-28 at the Sheraton Pentagon City Hotel in Arlington, VA. ODH’s director ... to use behavioral health analytics to improve Medicaid population health management. , ODH will ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... HealthPostures, expert standing desk solution designer, ... built into the home office sit stand solution are bold colors, a new ... the benefits embedded in the TaskMate Go are available 24/7 through HealthPostures' online ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... An in-depth computational analysis of genetic variants implicated in both schizophrenia and ... may explain why susceptibility to one of the disorders could place individuals at lower ... the journal npj Schizophrenia. , “There is a wealth of genomic data on ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... With millions of Americans and people worldwide struggling with ... aware of our options and are empowered with strength and information throughout the ... newest edition of "Vision and Hearing" in USA Today, that will educate readers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Dry ... offering. ... Dry eye Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - 2016, provides drug pricing ... answers the following questions: What are the ... they positioned in the Global Dry eye market? What ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Medical information ... to increase their self-service capabilities to manage inquiries ... (HCPs). New research from consulting leader ... have developed self-service website portals where HCPs can ... just one of many findings to emerge from ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017 Report analyzes the ... provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada ... , Asia-Pacific , Latin ... forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, ... data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: