Navigation Links
New center launched today to spearhead UK research in synthetic biology
Date:12/22/2008

Programming biological cells so that they behave like engineering parts is the focus of research at a new UK centre launched today, thanks to an 8 million grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).

The new centre will focus on synthetic biology. This is a field in which engineers work with molecular bioscientists to produce biologically-based parts, by modifying DNA. These parts could be used to build biological devices that could detect the early onset of disease or combat harmful bacterial infections.

Imperial College London in partnership with the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) will establish the Centre for Synthetic Biology and Innovation as part of EPSRC's effort to push the UK to the forefront of this field. Imperial's Professor Richard Kitney, Director of the Centre, says this new research facility will bring a wealth of new expertise to the UK. He adds:

"Imperial will recruit the best scientists from the UK and around the world to carry out collaborative research, generate intellectual property for licensing, and ultimately create spinout companies that will play a part in spawning new industries for the UK."

Imperial's Professor Paul Freemont, who is Co-Director of the Centre, says that in the next 20 to 50 years research in this field will get to the point where synthetic biology techniques will have the precision of electronics. Currently, biology is much more complicated and less understood. He explains:

"Our understanding of how living cells work isn't as good as our understanding of electronic devices. We want to get to the stage where we've got all the parts we need to build any biological machine that we want."

Initially, researchers at the Centre will focus on developing standard systems and specifications to create these parts. This will involve modifying DNA, inserting it into cells, and cataloguing what these cells do. These will then be used to assemble devices for use in a range of applications.

One long-term application could include the development of biological micro-processors. These are microscopic biologically based electronic devices that could, for example, be inserted into the body to monitor the health of patients, or detect types of cancer.

Already, researchers at Imperial have developed some important components for use in a biological micro-processor, such as an oscillator, which is a device that keeps time. Scientists are also working on logic circuits for use in microprocessors, called 'AND' gates, made from bacteria.

Another application is the development of sensors to detect harmful bacteria. These sensors are designed to recognise a small molecule that is released when harmful bacteria begin to colonise surfaces.

Scientists say this device could have applications in the food and healthcare industry where samples from wiped surfaces could be placed on the infection detector's chip. This would emit different coloured lights to alert the user to the type of bacteria that has infected the surface such as E.coli or MRSA, enabling staff to take remedial action rapidly.

The College will work closely with LSE to inform the public about the research that will be carried out at the Centre. This will involve lectures and outreach activities about the potential benefits of synthetic biology and its public value.

LSE will also train researchers at the Centre in the social, ethical, legal, and political issues surrounding this emerging field. These include examining the social and economic impacts of biotechnology, and developing practices of regulation and good governance

Professor Nikolas Rose, Director of LSE's BIOS Centre, points out that consideration of the social issues has been built in to the very conception of this new centre. He says:

"We have developed a highly innovative link between life scientists and social scientists in teaching and research. Crucially, we believe that informed public debate, with active engagement by the research scientists, is essential if the many benefits of synthetic biology are to be fully realised"

The Centre for Synthetic Biology and Innovation is part of Imperial's Institute for Systems and Synthetic Biology - a multidisciplinary, multi faculty institute focused on developing novel approaches to research in biology, medicine and engineering. The new centre will be based in the Faculty of Engineering and will work closely with the Department of Bioengineering and life sciences.

The Centre received a grant from the EPSRC as part of their Science and Innovation Award 2008. This will be used to establish a physical space, laboratory refurbishments as well as recruiting academic staff and postdoctoral research fellows.


'/>"/>

Contact: Colin Smith
cd.smith@imperial.ac.uk
44-020-759-46712
Imperial College London
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Health Tips for the New Year; Patience and Persistence will Payoff; Key Advice from the Wellness Team at D.I.S.C. Sports and Spine Center
2. Boston University Medical Center gynecologist named one of Americas top doctors
3. Boston University Medical Center gastroenterologist
4. Boston University Medical Center nephrologist named one of Americas top doctors
5. Pyramid Developers and Dr. Ramseys Center for Natural Healing Announce Formation of Community Health and Wellness Planning Collaborative.
6. Kings Daughters Medical Center Leverages Unique Bedside Interactive Technology to Meet Requirements of Patient Safety Goal 16
7. Baxa Announces 2009 Course Dates for Its STAR Center(R) Training Facility
8. Celebrity Mental Health Musings Take Center Stage as Psych Central Adds New Blog
9. Chicago Prostate Center Unveils Helpful New Website
10. M.C. Dean, Inc. Awarded Contract for Electrical Services at Atlanta VA Medical Center
11. National CTE Research Center Outlines Projects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Sam & Associates Insurance Agency, a ... residential clients in the California Bay Area, is launching a charity drive to raise ... , Heart disease is the primary killer of adult men and women in America, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... , ... Attorney Robert “RC” Pate , founder of The Law Office ... Over Kid Cancer foundation. Each year, 175,000 children are diagnosed with pediatric cancers. In ... effect of the critical funding gap for research into pediatric cancer research. From 2006 ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... CT (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... Connecticut ... Sang H. Kim, a highly experienced and compassionate dermatologist. Dr. Kim brings an ... center . , “It is with considerable pleasure to welcome back Dr. Kim to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Each year, the ... a conference where hundreds of surgeons from over fifteen different countries come together ... cosmetic breast augmentation to breast reconstruction for breast cancer patients, teaching ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... From a health perspective, 2017 will clearly ... gut health to chronic disease, mental health and general physical well-being. The New York ... resolution to consider. , For one Charlottesville restaurant, good gut health is clearly on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... 18, 2017  EnteroMedics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... neuroblocking technology to treat obesity, metabolic diseases and ... an underwritten public offering of units for gross ... discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by ... Class A Units, priced at a public offering ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... and PUNE, India , January 18, ... Allied Market Research, titled, "Breast Imaging Technologies Market by Type: ... global breast imaging technologies market size was valued at $2,544 ... by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 8.4% from 2016 ... Europe together accounted for over three-fourths market ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 The Philadelphia Pediatric ... companies developing medical devices for children. The Consortium ... receive seed grants of $50,000 each. The devices ... weak nerve signals, a hand-operated rapid blood delivery system for ... in babies. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: