Navigation Links
New approach to leukemia chemotherapy -- is a cure in sight?
Date:3/30/2011

Speaking at the UK National Stem Cell Network conference in York later today (31 March), Professor Tessa Holyoake from the University of Glasgow will discuss a brand new approach to treating chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in which a small number of cancer cells persist despite effective therapy thus preventing cure.

CML is a type of blood cancer caused by the infamous "Philadelphia Chromosome" genetic abnormality. It is usually treated using a class of drugs called Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and in the majority of cases this treatment is successful, with around 90% of patients recovering from the disease. However in the majority of patients a subset of cancer cells CML stem cells are resistant to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

"At the moment we are working with 9 patients who still have low level evidence of CML despite Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor treatment. They are helping us to test the use, in principle, of a new type of drug that specifically deals with the resistant CML stem cells," said Professor Holyoake.

"The drug we are using in the trial is hydroxychloroquine a well established antimalarial drug that has been used commonly since the 1950s and is also used in rheumatoid arthritis. This will allow us to test the principle of using similar drugs to treat CML patients.

"Unfortunately hydroxychloroquine may not be suitable for very long term treatment because of side effects. In particular there is a very low risk of temporary or permanent eye problems. In our trial the patients will take the drug for up to 12 months with very close monitoring of their eye health, which will allow us to intervene at the very earliest sign of an adverse effect," Professor Holyoake continued.

The patients in the trial have already taken a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor drug for at least a year, which has reduced the number of cancer cells in their blood to a very low level.

Professor Holyoake's team discovered that CML stem cells avoid the impact of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor treatments by going into a state called autophagy in response to the drug. This means that they begin to shut down and use nutrients from within the cell to survive in what is effectively suspended animation. In this state the drug cannot kill them and so later they can initiate a resurgence of the disease. Hydroxychloroquine has been shown to kill cells that are undergoing autophagy and the trial is designed to test whether this is a potential route for treatment in patients.

Professor Holyoake concluded "Although hydroxychloroquine probably isn't the final answer for treating resistant CML stem cells, we are aware that there is interest from the pharmaceuticals industry in developing new drugs that target cells undergoing autophagy. We are therefore very hopeful that once we can prove that in principle this approach works, it could lead relatively quickly to a new treatment for patients for whom Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors don't provide a full cure."


'/>"/>

Contact: Mike Davies
mike.davies@bbsrc.ac.uk
01-793-414-694
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Conference highlights UC Berkeleys unique approach to green chemistry
2. Novel approaches to bacterial caries management: An efficacious solution in view?
3. To bring effective therapies to patients quicker, use the team approach
4. University Hospitals system-approach to stroke care increases the use of tPA therapy by 13.5-fold
5. Experimental approach may improve healing of diabetic wounds and bed sores
6. 3rd international conference on innovative approaches in head and neck oncology
7. Study raises safety concerns about experimental cancer approach
8. NIH, Gates Foundation and Colorado State team up to find new approach to a TB vaccine
9. Tufts University calls for moderate approach to teaching personalized genomic testing
10. Cost of Obesity Approaching $300 Billion a Year
11. Mass. General enters collaboration to develop new approach to capturing circulating tumor cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... LUIS OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care ... is the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of ... popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation ... scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the loss of ... William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ten grandchildren, ... Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, he spent ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The company has developed ... consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every formula has ... highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegan, Soy ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Information about the technology: , ... to enable prevention of a major side effect of chemotherapy in children. Cisplatin ... patients. For cisplatin, hearing loss is FDA listed on-label as a dose limiting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017 OBP ... self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today announced regulatory approval ... Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária ... single-use, cordless surgical retractor with integrated LED light ... access, illumination and exposure of a tissue pocket ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... -- The Rebound mobile app is poised to become a ... of prescription drug addiction. The app empowers users to develop ... down their dosage in a safe, controlled manner while maximizing ... first 100,000 people to sign up will enjoy 3 months ... ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... --  Montrium , an industry leader in powerful ... Trial Master Files & Inspection Readiness Conference ( ... Services has selected eTMF Connect to ... a leading European contract research organization (CRO), will ... enable greater collaboration with sponsors, improve compliance and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: