Navigation Links
New amyloid-reducing compound could be a preventive measure against Alzheimer's
Date:6/2/2014

Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified a compound, called 2-PMAP, in animal studies that reduced by more than half levels of amyloid proteins in the brain associated with Alzheimer's disease. The researchers hope that someday a treatment based on the molecule could be used to ward off the neurodegenerative disease since it may be safe enough to be taken daily over many years.

"What we want in an Alzheimer's preventive is a drug that modestly lowers amyloid beta and is also safe for long term use," says Martin J. Sadowski, MD, PhD, associate professor of neurology, psychiatry, and biochemistry and molecular pharmacology, who led the research to be published online June 3 in the journal Annals of Neurology. "Statin drugs that lower cholesterol appear to have those properties and have made a big impact in preventing coronary artery disease. That's essentially what many of us envision for the future of Alzheimer's medicine."

The 2-PMAP molecule that Dr. Sadowski's team identified is non-toxic in mice, gets easily into the brain, and lowers the production of amyloid beta and associated amyloid deposits.

The prime target for Alzheimer's prevention is amyloid beta. Decades before dementia begins, this small protein accumulates in clumps in the brain. Modestly lowering the production of amyloid beta in late middle age, and thus removing some of the burden from the brain's natural clearance mechanisms, is believed to be a good prevention strategy. Researchers two years ago reported that something like this happens naturally in about 0.5 percent of Icelanders, due to a mutation they carry that approximately halves amyloid beta production throughout life. These fortunate people show a slower cognitive decline in old age, live longer, and almost never get Alzheimer's.

Prevention of Alzheimer's dementia is now considered more feasible than stopping it after it has begun, when brain damage is already severe. Every prospective Alzheimer's drug in clinical trials has failed even to slow the disease process at that late stage. "The key is to prevent the disease process from going that far," Dr. Sadowski says.

Dr. Sadowski and colleagues screened a library of compounds and found that 2-PMAP reduced the production of amyloid beta's mother protein, known as amyloid precursor protein (APP). The APP protein normally is cut by enzymes in a way that leaves amyloid beta as one of the fragments. Dr. Sadowski's team found that 2-PMAP, even at low, non-toxic concentrations, significantly reduced APP production in test cells, lowering amyloid beta levels by 50 percent or more.

The scientists subsequently found that 2-PMAP had essentially the same impact on APP and amyloid beta in the brains of living mice. The mice were engineered to have the same genetic mutations found in Alzheimer's patients with a hereditary form of the disease, causing overproduction of APP and Alzheimer's-like amyloid deposits. A five-day treatment with 2-PMAP lowered brain levels of APP and, even more so, levels of amyloid beta. Four months of treatment sharply reduced the amyloid deposits and prevented the cognitive deficits that are normally seen in these transgenic mice as they get older.

Dr. Sadowski and his laboratory are now working to make chemical modifications to the compound to improve its effectiveness. But 2-PMAP already seems to have advantages over other amyloid-lowering compounds, he says. One is that it can cross efficiently from the bloodstream to the brain, and thus doesn't require complex modifications that might compromise its effects on APP.

The compound also appears to have a highly selective effect on APP production, by interfering with the translation of APP's gene transcript into the APP protein itself. The best known candidates for Alzheimer's preventives lower amyloid by inhibiting the secretase enzymes that cleave amyloid beta from APP, tending to cause unwanted side-effects via their off target interference with the processing of other client proteins cleaved by these enzymes. A clinical trial of one secretase inhibitor was halted in 2010 after it was found to worsen dementia and cause a higher incidence of skin cancer.

Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia, currently afflicts more than five million Americans, according to the Alzheimer's Association. Unless preventive drugs or treatments are developed, the prevalence of Alzheimer's is expected to triple by 2050.


'/>"/>

Contact: David March
david.march@nyumc.org
212-404-3528
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Red wine, fruit compound could help block fat cell formation
2. Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
3. Biosynthetic grape-derived compound prevents progression of Alzheimers disease in mice
4. Could Compound in Artificial Sweeteners Worsen Crohns Disease?
5. Natural Sciences Repository Publishes Chromatography and Acidic Compounds Resources
6. Breast-Milk Compound May Shield Babies From HIV
7. Red wine compound could help seniors walk away from mobility problems
8. Green tea compound shows promise for tackling cancer
9. Compounds activate key cancer enzyme to interfere with tumor formation
10. Second Compounding Pharmacy Shut Down in Massachusetts
11. Taiho Pharmaceutical unveils data on 8 novel anticancer compounds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... Del. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... and advisory services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range of ... National Association for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held October ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults ... tested to meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, a ... health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an agreement, ... been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader ... a 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were ... 11, 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best ... in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a leading ... announced that its MyDario product is expected to appear on The Dr. ... The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: http://www.doctoroz.com/page/where-watch-dr-oz-show ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The Dr. Oz Show ... The segment ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017  As the latest ... Senators Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey ... notes that the medical device industry is in an ... device tax, the 2.3% excise tax on medical device ... they also want covered patients, increased visits and hospital ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Pa. and KALAMAZOO, Mich. , ... Allentown, Penn. , and OptiMed Specialty Pharmacy of ... business partnership to offer a strategic hub service that ... Healthcare,s highly sought-after personal spirometer, Spiro PD 2.0, and ... A spirometer is a medical device used to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: