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New York City's infant mortality rate declined in 2006
Date:10/3/2007

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  • One in eight women reported smoking during the three months before pregnancy; only half of these women stopped smoking while pregnant. According to a separate survey, 16% of New York City women aged 18 44 smoke. Many women may smoke or use alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy, before they know they are pregnant but during the most critical time for fetal development.

  • Nearly 8% reported having high blood pressure before or during pregnancy.

  • About one in 40 (2.4%) had diabetes before becoming pregnant, and one in 10 developed diabetes during pregnancy a condition known as gestational diabetes.

Disparities in Infant Mortality

In 2006, the infant mortality rates for black and Puerto Rican New Yorkers were more than double those for whites and Asians a pattern that has persisted for more than a decade. The race gap persists even when poverty is taken out of the equation. Infants born to higher-income black women died at nearly three times the rate of those born to higher-income white women. While the reasons are not well understood, some experts believe the stress of experiencing of racial discrimination may affect the health of black women.

Infant mortality also varies greatly from one part of the city to another, with low-income areas suffering the highest rates. The highest rate was in the Bronx (7.1 deaths for every 1,000 births). Brooklyns rate was on par with the city average, while Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island fared better than the city as a whole. Over the past three years, Brownsville and Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, along with eastern Jamaica in Queens, have had higher infant death rates than any other neighborhood. A complete list of rates by neighborhood is available online at www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/vs/vs-imr-neighborhood-2007.pdf.

Infants who are multiples (twins, triplets, etc.) die at five times the rate of singl
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Contact: Sara Markt
smarkt@health.nyc.gov
212-788-5290
New York City Health Department
Source:Eurekalert

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