Navigation Links
New Weapon Emerges to Fight Kids' Cavities
Date:7/7/2009

Xylitol syrup may protect baby teeth from decay, much like fluoride, study finds,,

TUESDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- A syrup containing the sugar substitute xylitol helps prevent tooth decay in baby teeth, according to a new study.

Xylitol, approved in the United States for use in food since 1963, acts as an antibacterial agent against organisms that cause cavities. Previous studies showing its effectiveness have mainly involved chewing gum or lozenges in school-age children with permanent teeth.

In the new study, researchers tested the xylitol syrup in 94 children, 9 months to 15 months old, in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, an island chain in the Pacific Ocean where, they said, early childhood tooth decay is a major problem. Two groups of children were given 8 grams of xylitol syrup a day, in either two or three doses, and a third group was given a single 2.67-gram dose of the syrup each day.

Children in third group, which served as a control, or comparison, group, were given a small dose of the syrup because Marshall Island officials would not allow the use of a placebo.

After an average of 10.5 months, tooth decay was found in about 24 percent of the children who had gotten two doses of xylitol syrup a day, 41 percent of children who received three doses of xylitol syrup a day and in 52 percent of children in the control group.

Children in the two-dose group had, on average, 0.6 decayed teeth, compared with 1.0 in the three-dose group and 1.9 in the control group.

"Our results suggest that exposure to xylitol (8 grams per day) in a twice-daily topical oral syrup during primary tooth eruption could prevent up to 70 percent of decayed teeth," wrote Dr. Peter Milgrom of the University of Washington, Seattle, and colleagues.

"Dividing the 8 grams into three doses did not increase the effectiveness of the treatment," the researchers said. "These results provide evidence for the first time (to our knowledge) that xylitol is effective for the prevention of decay in primary teeth of toddlers."

Though they said that more research is needed, the researchers added that xylitol appears to be a cost-effective preventive measure in populations with high rates of tooth decay.

The study appears in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. The findings were also released in July 2008 at the annual meeting of the International Association for Dental Research in Toronto.

The findings are "encouraging and suggest the addition of this approach to pharmacologic management in public health and individual care settings," Dr. Burton L. Edelstein of the College of Dental Medicine at Columbia University in New York City wrote in an accompanying editorial in the journal. "Xylitol application, like fluoride varnish application, will likely become a routine element of early childhood caries [cavity] control."

"The finding, however, that early childhood caries prevalence remained at 24 percent to 41 percent among treated children at the close of the trial in a high-caries-experience population reminds us that no single 'silver bullet' is going to solve the problem of early childhood caries," Edelstein added.

More information

The Academy of General Dentistry has more about children's oral health.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, July 6, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Drug a New Weapon Against One Form of Breast Cancer
2. Early predictive model may be new weapon against leading cause of death on battlefield
3. Schools Have New Weapon for Head Lice Screening
4. Barrier Technology Provides New Weapon in MRSA War: Surface Care Products Prevent Growth and Transfer of Bacteria
5. Research May Yield New Weapons Against Sepsis
6. Einstein researchers genetically engineer immune cells into potent weapons for battling HIV
7. New World Record Holder in Powerlifting Credits NutraCeas Unique Rice-Bran-derived Product as his Secret Weapon
8. Potential viral therapy weapon for difficult cancers is safe and effective in study
9. A new weapon for attacking tumor invasion and metastasis
10. Penn animal study identifies new DNA weapon against avian flu
11. Synthetic HDL: A new weapon to fight cholesterol problems
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New Weapon Emerges to Fight Kids' Cavities
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Calibration, qualification, and the appropriate level ... maintaining GMP and USP compliance. In a new webinar from METTLER TOLEDO entitled ... these requirements are explained. The challenge is to determine how to put ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Neurotechnology ... two biometric time and attendance tracking products: the new NCheck Cloud Bio Attendance ... Bio Attendance uses biometric face recognition to enable users to check in and ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... the Self-Funding Success website has recently developed and published an informational resource that ... was created based on common inquiries the site’s team of third party administrator ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... A minimally invasive ... “perfect smile.” The National Association of Dental Laboratories (NADL) is informing dentists about ... aware of when utilizing dental laboratories and technicians that create these veneers. ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Public relations pros work hard to earn placements and ... While many results are clear, much of PR is hard to quantify. Goal-setting and ... to measurement, firms should always take an all-inclusive approach that takes both traditional and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 The ... reach USD 8.0 billion by 2025, according to a ... incidence of infectious diseases and cancer is expected to ... disease diagnosis over the coming years. In addition, higher ... autologous and allogenic stem cell therapy, due to adverse ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... 27, 2017 Summary This ... Eli Lilly and its partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... provides an in-depth insight into the partnering activity of one ... demand company reports are prepared upon purchase to ensure inclusion ... The report will be delivered in PDF format ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... Columbia , March 27, 2017 LightIntegra ... has appointed William "Bill" Dubiel as President and Chief ... also elected to the Board of Directors of LightIntegra. ... the Executive Chairman of LightIntegra. "This ... next President and Chief Executive Officer. We,ve selected a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: