Navigation Links
New Therapy Kills Human Leukemia Cells in Mice
Date:5/16/2008

Technique expands natural killer cells in cord blood more than 30-fold

FRIDAY, May 16 (HealthDay News) A treatment that uses natural killer (NK) immune system cells from umbilical cord blood effectively destroys human leukemia cells in mice, researchers say.

The NK cells reduced by 60 percent to 85 percent human acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells in test mice with aggressive human leukemias, according to the study.

The findings are to be presented at the May 16 American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology annual conference, in Cincinnati.

Previous efforts like this one, which require the number of NK cells from a single cord blood to be expanded, resulted in ineffective NK cells. The new technique manages to increase NK cells in cord blood more than 30-fold while allowing the cells to retain their ability to target and kill acute leukemia cells.

"Cord blood is a promising source of natural killer cells, because the NK cells have enhanced sensitivity to stimulation, decreased potential to cause graft-versus-host disease and are available from cord banks throughout the country and world," investigator Dr. Patrick Zweidler-McKay, assistant professor of pediatrics from the Children's Cancer Hospital at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, said in a prepared statement.

Graft-versus-host disease is a common side effect of patients receiving stem cell transplants. It is fatal if not controlled.

The new process allows the NK cells to be transplanted to leukemia patients without the need for prior chemotherapy. Zweidler-McKay said that adults who have already had a transplant, or any age leukemia patient who is not eligible for other stem cell transplants due to blood counts or illness, may be available to use his new transplant method.

"These NK cells demonstrate significant cytotoxic activity against human AML and ALL cell lines and patient leukemia blasts. Most importantly, mouse models of human AML and ALL were sensitive to NK cell infusions," Zweidler-McKay said.

More information

The American Cancer Society has more about leukemia.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, news release, May 16, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Iressa shows promise for treatment of metastatic breast cancer when combined with hormonal therapy
2. Data from Pooled Analyses Demonstrates Welchol, Combined with Metformin- or Sulfonylurea-Based Therapy, Significantly Lowers Blood Glucose in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
3. Adding epratuzumab to standard therapy
4. Chemotherapy might help cancer vaccines work
5. The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association and the Heart Rhythm Society Release Updated Cardiac Device-Based Therapy Guidelines
6. Drug therapy to bolster immune system cells found effective toward childhood cancer
7. Targeted therapy plus chemotherapy may pack 1-2 punch against melanoma
8. Blacks not receiving chemotherapy for rectal cancer, despite seeing cancer specialists
9. Drug therapy for PKU reverses heart damage
10. Therapy Yields Promise for Fatal Neurological Condition
11. Mayo Clinic study shows acupuncture and myofascial trigger therapy treat same pain areas
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... The American ... Health Services for professionals in the addiction treatment industry entitled: Special Investigations ... , Insurance companies and state and federal governments are increasingly scrutinizing the addiction ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Hair restoration surgery is having a ... the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS). The worldwide volume ... with 635,189 procedures performed in 2016. , "Like other forms of cosmetic ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... , ... September 21, 2017 , ... Bill Howe Plumbing’s ... its customers, and give back to the community. For over 37 years, they have ... successful companies serving plumbing in San Diego. They were chosen as the ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Innovatum ... at the Global GS1 Healthcare Conference 2017 in Chicago, IL on October 17-19, ... ensuring label quality and improving patient safety. , Microscan , a ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... and highly accurate cancer screening tests, has received two prestigious recognitions that acknowledge ... survival rates. , Preora has been named a Top 100 Finalist ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/9/2017)... , Sept. 8, 2017 Dealmed Medical ... independent supplier of medical equipment, supplies, drugs, vaccines, and ... has entered into an agreement to acquire Vantage Medical ... based in Holtsville, New York . ... in supplying new and emerging medical practices, will operate ...
(Date:9/7/2017)... Sept. 7, 2017 NuvoAir (formerly called ... announced today a partnership with Novartis Pharma AG to distribute ... position as the leading mobile spirometry platform and Novartis, commitment ... ... ...
(Date:9/6/2017)...   PDI , a leader in infection prevention ... educational session focused on the role of chlorhexidine gluconate ... the 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Association for ... the Phoenix Convention Center in ... will also feature PDI,s Prevantics® Device Swab ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: