Navigation Links
New Research Shows That Combining Aerobic Exercise With High-Force Eccentric Resistance Training Improves Glucose Control in Diabetes Patients
Date:10/31/2008

Physical therapy is a cost-effective form of treatment for Americans with diabetes

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Oct. 31 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Patients with diabetes who participate in a program combining aerobic and high-force eccentric resistance exercise demonstrate improvements in glucose control, physical performance, and body fat composition, according to a study published in the November 2008 issue of Physical Therapy (PTJ), the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

"Although aerobic exercise is what is typically recommended for treating people with diabetes, this study shows that adding a high-force strength training component has significant advantages," says APTA spokesperson Robin L. Marcus, PT, PhD, OCS, assistant professor at the University's Department of Physical Therapy and the study's lead researcher. Diabetes affects approximately 24 million adults and children in the United States.(1) The onset of type 2 diabetes -- a chronic illness marked by decreased insulin sensitivity and overall poor glucose control -- is fostered by decreased physical activity.

"This study, which comes as the nation marks American Diabetes Month, is especially pertinent in light of new research highlighting the escalating costs and serious side effects of certain diabetes drugs," said Marcus. "Patients with diabetes and their health care providers should be encouraged that physical therapy has been shown to be a cost-effective and safe treatment alternative."

The PTJ study, "Comparison of Combined Aerobic and High-Force Eccentric Resistance Exercise With Aerobic-Only Exercise for People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus," evaluated 15 people with type 2 diabetes who participated in a 16-week supervised exercise training program: seven in a combined aerobic and eccentric resistance exercise program, and eight in a program of aerobic exercise only.

A podcast titled "Fat, Muscle, and the Benefits of Exercise for People With Diabetes" is available at: http://www.ptjournal.org/misc/podcasts.dtl. The podcast highlights PTJ's Diabetes Special Issue: "People With Diabetes: A Population Desperate for Movement." (November 2008). Marcus and other experts discuss new information about the roles of fat in people with diabetes, especially fat in muscle, and about how this fat appears to impair muscle function. Running time: 24:29 (11,487 KB).

Paul LaStayo, PT, PhD, the study's senior author, notes that the eccentric resistance exercise program was specifically designed to increase strength and muscle size, using a recumbent stepper that produced a lengthening contraction, such as when lowering the dumbbell in a bicep curl.

After 3 months, Marcus and LaStayo found that both groups showed improved glucose control and physical performance in a 6-minute walk, as well as a decrease in fat composition within the leg muscles. "This study is particularly interesting because the patients who did both aerobic and resistance exercise had additional improvements, most notably a decreased overall BMI and a gain in leg muscle," Marcus said.

"Although aerobic exercise is still key in treating diabetes, it should not be used in isolation," Marcus observes. "As people age, they lose muscle mass and, subsequently, mobility, resulting in a greater risk of falls. Adding resistance training to the diabetes treatment regimen leads to improved thigh lean tissue which, in turn, may be an important way for patients to increase resting metabolic rate, protein reserve, exercise tolerance, and functional mobility, she notes.

This study is part of PTJ's special issue (http://www.ptjournal.org/current.dtl) on diabetes, which illustrates that physical therapy interventions can have a dramatic and positive effect in fighting the complications associated with diabetes. As the movement experts, physical therapists are ideally suited to help this population safely and to effectively address their movement dysfunctions.

(1)American Diabetes Association

Physical therapists are highly-educated, licensed healthcare professionals who can help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility -- without expensive surgery or the side effects of medications. APTA represents more than 70,000 physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, and students of physical therapy nationwide. Its purpose is to improve the health and quality of life of individuals through the advancement of physical therapist practice. Learn more about conditions physical therapists can treat at http://www.apta.org/consumer, and find a physical therapist in your area at http://www.findapt.us.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Physical Therapy Association
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Opt out system could solve donor organ shortage, says researcher
2. Type-1 diabetes not so much bad genes as good genes behaving badly, Stanford research shows
3. Halpin Foundation and the ASN announce recipient of Halpin Foundation-ASN research grant
4. International Society for Stem Cell Research Highlights New YouTube Channel Providing Accurate Scientific Perspectives on Stem Cell Research
5. Weill Cornell Medical College receives 2 $100,000 grants for innovative global health research
6. HealthMetrix Research Selects 2009 Medicare Advantage Plans for Best Overall Benefit Value
7. Researchers identify mechanism, possible drug treatment for tumors in neurofibromatosis
8. Cancer requires support from immune system to develop, UT Southwestern researchers report
9. Research Reveals Why Tamoxifen Doesnt Always Work
10. National grants further WA Medical Research
11. Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation awards grant for imaging-agent research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... fertility once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment ... also require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest network of independent ... Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are pleased to announce ... Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency Room. , ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published June 14 ... The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking to ... operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, Beverly ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 ... by their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of ... honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Georgia (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... awards today at the Clinical Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte ... have authored journal articles published in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016  In a startling report released today, National Safety ... lacking a comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. ... how states are tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. ... Kentucky , New Mexico , ... Of the 28 failing states, three – Michigan ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to 2022" report to their offering. ... financial data derived from varied research sources to present unique ... on the market during the next five years, including a ... markets, regional and country level analysis. The report provides a ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research and ... News Issue 52" report to their offering. ... influenza treatment creates a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune to ... patient base that will serve to drive considerable growth for ... would serve to cap sales considerably, but development is still ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: