Navigation Links
New Research Shows Cadaver Tissue Fails Nearly a Quarter of the Time in Young, Athletic ACL Reconstruction Patients
Date:7/10/2008

Graft Type and Patient Activity Level May Contribute to Failure Rate, Authors Say

Orlando, Florida (PRWEB) July 10, 2008 -- With an estimated 80,000 Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears happening each year in the United States (Source: American Journal of Sports Medicine 2006; 9:1512-1532), including recently to famed golfer, Tiger Woods, choosing the best replacement ligament for surgery is one key to success. A study released today at the 2008 American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s Annual Meeting at the JW Marriott Orlando Grande Lakes, found that with a failure rate of almost 24 percent, the use of cadaver replacement ligaments may not be the best choice for young, athletic patients.

“Choosing a replacement ligament, whether it comes from a cadaver or the patient’s own tissue is a decision that must be made by the surgeon and patient,” said co-author Kurre Luber, MD, orthopedic surgery fellow at Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center. “This study found a very high failure rate in patients 40 years and younger with high activity levels in ACL-dependent sports like tennis, basketball, soccer and downhill skiing. Certainly, it would be naïve to think that only the graft selection led to these failures, we also need to look at surgical technique (single versus double bundle). Better outcome measures also need to be developed. However, this study definitely raises questions about the validity of using cadaver tissue in this patient subgroup.”

The ACL is one of the major stabilizing ligaments of the knee. Located in the center of the knee joint, it runs from the thigh bone to the shin bone through the center of the knee. Typically, tearing the ACL occurs with a sudden direction change. To repair a torn ACL, a surgeon replaces the damaged ligament with a new one, either from a cadaver or the patient’s own body. Typically, either the patellar-tendon bone or the hamstring tendons is used.

In the study, 64 patients, 40 years old or younger with high activity levels who had ACL reconstruction with a cadaver replacement ligament, were followed for a minimum of two years. ACL reconstruction failure was defined as requiring a second reconstruction due to injury or graft failure or poor scores on a combination of orthopaedic outcome measure tests. The study found that 15 (23.4 percent) of the 64 patients’ ACL reconstructions failed as defined by the study.

“This failure rate in this young, active population is exceedingly high when compared to a previous study that looked at failure rates of cadaver replacement ligament in patients older than 40,” said corresponding author Dr. Gene Barrett. “The older group’s failure rate was 2.4 percent. So while there are obvious benefits of using the cadaver ligament, like avoiding a second surgical site on the patient, a quicker return to work and less postoperative pain, for a young patient who is very active, it may not be the right choice.”

The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) is a world leader in sports medicine education, research, communication and fellowship, and includes national and international orthopaedic sports medicine leaders. The Society works closely with many other sports medicine specialists, including athletic trainers, physical therapists, family physicians, and others to improve the identification, prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports injuries.

For more information, please contact AOSSM Director of Communications Lisa Weisenberger at 847/292-4900, or e-mail her at lisa @ sportsmed.org. You can also visit the AOSSM Web site at www.sportsmed.org.

# # #


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2008 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Cool, Dry Air Blown Under Football Shoulder Pads Reduces Body Temperature and Heart Rate, New Research Finds
2. Cool, air blown under football shoulder pads reduces body temperature and heart rate, research finds
3. NOTES research activities increase with grants from Olympus medical Systems totaling $1 million
4. Researchers Gather to Address New Tools in Development for Breast Cancer Detection
5. Global Industry Analysts' Releases a Series of Medical Market Research Reports
6. UAB joins elite brain cancer research group
7. Lehigh to lead $9.6M national research center for serious behavior disorders
8. Some drugs increase risk of falling: UNC researchers
9. URMC, FDA to collaborate on national data repository for heart research
10. HIV prevention researchers to compare common ARV as a pill and vaginal gel in unique study
11. Research highlights problems of predicting birthweights in obese mothers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New Research Shows Cadaver Tissue Fails Nearly a Quarter of the Time in Young, Athletic ACL Reconstruction Patients
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Only two months after ... Travel Market (ILTM) show in Cannes (France), XO Private has initiated a second print-run ... 420-page book measures almost a metre across when open, weighs in at more than ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Dr. Ronald E. ... announced the appointment of Peter A. Bell, DO, MBA, HPF, FACOEP-dist., FACEP, as ... beginning April 10. Dr. Bell comes to Liberty from the Ohio University Heritage ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... hearing disabilities, it is so critically important that we all are aware of ... is why Mediaplanet is proud to announce the launch of its newest edition ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... With ProGlass Prism users now have the ... have total control over position, rotation, distortion, edge softness, edge blur, chromatic aberration, individual ... X. , With ProGlass Prism users are given the tools and effects to ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The International Association of Eating Disorders ... Beyond What You See” body image mannequin art competition. Selected from 15 submissions from ... the winner revealed at the 31st annual iaedp Symposium, March 22 – 26 in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017 Report analyzes the ... provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada ... , Asia-Pacific , Latin ... forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, ... data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017  Directors from Pharma To Market Pty ... have joined forces, resulting in the founding of Pharma To Market ... Pharma To Market are pleased to announce their expansion into ... Singapore . The company are delighted to appoint ... of the Singapore based entity. Joelle brings ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  The particle counters market ... 2021 from USD 275.9 million in 2016, at ... full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p04718602-summary/view-report.html The ... pharmaceutical R&D, and growth in manufacturing industries in ... growth for particle counters. On the other hand, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: