clinics in advance of having sex are not more likely to have sex and
are more likely to use emergency contraception if they do have sex than
those who do not receive emergency contraception in advance.
-- Some longer sex education videos that are interactive and viewed many
times can have a positive effect on teen sexual behavior.
-- School-based and school-linked clinics and school condom-availability
programs do not increase sexual activity, but it is not clear whether
they increase the use of contraception.
-- Programs for parents and their teens sometimes reduce risky sexual
behavior among teens by delaying sex or increasing contraceptive use.
-- Most programs that are effective at changing behavior give a clear
message about avoiding risky sexual behavior, either by abstaining from
sex or by using contraception.
-- There are now several sex education programs that have been evaluated
multiple times. Results from these evaluations suggest that when the
original programs are carefully replicated in similar settings with
similar populations of young people, the program's positive effects on
teen sexual behavior can also be replicated.
"Teen pregnancy and birth rates have declined by about one-third since the early 1990s -- a remarkable success story," said Sarah Brown, CEO of the National Campaign. "Even so, it is still the case that one in three girls in the United States get pregnant by age 20. Given the nation's stubbornly high rate of teen pregnancy, it is most welcome news that the menu of proven, research-based interventions that help young people make better decisions about sex, pregnancy and parenthood is expanding"
About the author. Douglas Kirby, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Scientist
at ETR Associates in California, a non-profit organization dedicated
|SOURCE National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy|
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