Navigation Links
New Guidelines Suggest HIV Screening for All Adults

By Denise Mann
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force call for virtually every adult to be routinely screened for HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

The updated recommendations, which are published in the April 30 issue of the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, suggest that pregnant women and all people aged 15 to 65 be screened for HIV. The guidelines are now more in line with screening recommendations from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Physicians and the American Academy of Pediatrics.

"HIV is a critical public health problem. There are 50,000 new infections in the U.S. each year, and we need to find ways to prevent and treat it," said guideline author Dr. Douglas Owens, a professor of medicine at Stanford University and a senior investigator at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System, in California.

The guidelines, last updated in 2005, reflect new evidence about the effectiveness of treatment, especially when started early in the course of HIV infection.

"The best way to reduce HIV-related death and disability is to avoid getting infected," Owens said. "Should someone become infected, we want them to understand that there are very good treatments that will help them live longer and reduce transmission."

Experts agreed that such blanket screening is the best -- and possibly only -- way to stop the HIV epidemic in its tracks.

Knowing one's HIV status is "a first step for both prevention and needed medical services, yet the history of the epidemic has set up barriers such that, in some states, it is still not straightforward to access an HIV test without the need for written consent or a fee," said Dr. Sten Vermund, director of the Institute for Global Health at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville. "Free, regular screening for HIV, much as we try to have regular blood pressure or breast cancer screening, is one of the best ways to start reducing the HIV epidemic in the U.S."

Another expert agreed.

"There is a growing -- and overdue -- realization that treating HIV infection has both a personal and public health benefit," said Dr. Paul Volberding, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine. He wrote an editorial accompanying the guidelines.

"We may have a chance to end the AIDS epidemic, but that all begins with diagnosing infection in the estimated 20 percent of cases in the U.S. [who are] unaware of their status and thus not in medical care," he said. "Finding infected persons, bringing them into care, suppressing their HIV levels and retaining them in that state are the overriding goals of HIV control. These guidelines, along with those of the CDC, can help in the first step in that care cascade."

"HIV therapy is the most effective means of preventing all forms of transmission," Volberding said. "The importance of treatment as prevention was underscored by the very recent failure of the only candidate HIV vaccine in large clinical trials. We may well have to treat our way out of the epidemic, and that process begins with diagnosis and ends with lifelong engagement in care."

More information

Learn more about risks for HIV transmission at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SOURCES: Douglas Owens, M.D., M.S., professor, medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.; Paul Volberding, M.D., professor, medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine; Sten Vermund, M.D., Ph.D., director, Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tenn.; April 30, 2013, Annals of Internal Medicine

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Mammo Rates Unchanged Despite Controversial Guidelines
2. Some Slightly Obese May Gain From Weight-Loss Surgery, Guidelines Say
3. Study reports adenoma detection rates are higher than current guidelines suggest in both men and women
4. American College of Physicians releases ACP Clinical Guidelines app
5. Phoenix Home Contractor, Republic West Home Announces Guidelines for Replacing Windows in Phoenix to Avoid Health Issues Caused by Mold
6. Study suggests federal guidelines for treating teen PID need clarification
7. Mayo Clinic: New multiple myeloma treatment guidelines personalize therapy for patients
8. Easter Eggs v Gum Disease: New Healthy Guidelines From Eludril and Elgydium
9. New Guidelines Raise Safety Bar on Concussions
10. New Pap Guidelines May Miss Aggressive Cancer in Young Women: Study
11. New guidelines for standardizing glucose reporting and optimizing clinical decision making in diabetes
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
New Guidelines Suggest HIV Screening for All Adults
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... 29, 2015 , ... Key Housing, a top-rated corporate housing service for the ... apartment community: Epic. In showcasing this featured apartment community in San Jose, Key Housing ... market to efficiently find housing suitable to their needs by showcasing quality housing. , ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... ... 6:00 a.m. EST until 11:59 p.m. EST, customers will be racing the ... orders $80 or more to free gifts with purchases, there will be a new sale ... website for skin care and cosmetic needs, customers will save on already discounted prices. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article ... University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that laws requiring bicyclists ... The article explains that part of the reason for the controversial conclusion is that, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... An inventor, from ... dispense prescription medications at home, so he invented the patent-pending ELECTRONIC M.D. , ... prescription medications. In doing so, it could help to prevent potential overdose situations. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ProSidebar: ... in Final Cut Pro X. With ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily add ... ProSidebar as a minimalist title opener. Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2015)... Iowa , Nov. 29, 2015 ... ultrasound guidance technology at the Radiological Society of ... in Chicago November 29 ... system is designed to offer customers unrivaled versatility, ... --> ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Pays-Bas, November 27, 2015 ... traitement photodynamique au Bremachlorin contre le cancer avancé. ... consistant à combiner l,immunothérapie au traitement photodynamique au ... --> Une nouvelle approche consistant à ... le cancer avancé.    Clinical ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... 2015 Ein neuer Kombinationsansatz ...   --> Ein neuer Kombinationsansatz vereint ... --> Ein neuer Kombinationsansatz vereint ... Clinical Cancer Research vom 6. ... Research vom 6. November 2015 berichtet. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: