Navigation Links
New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 enzyme acquired in Canada
Date:5/30/2011

An enzyme associated with extensive antibiotic resistance called New Delhi metallo--lactamase-1 (NDM-1), endemic in India and Pakistan and spreading worldwide, has been found in two people in the Toronto area, one of whom acquired it in Canada, states a case report in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) (pre-embargo link only) http://www.cmaj.ca/embargo/cmaj110477.pdf. The report outlines challenges and approaches to managing and identifying this pathogen, which is highly resistant to treatment.

NDM-1 has spread because of worldwide travel, medical tourism and its ability to transfer between bacteria.

In one of the cases in this report, the patient had not travelled outside southwestern Ontario in over a decade, and no source could be identified for the organism. In the other case, the patient had been hospitalized in India for a medical procedure and acquired the organism there.

"These two scenarios show that local acquisition of an organism producing NDM-1 has already occurred in Ontario, Canada, that blaNDM-1 has been found in bacterial species other than [Escherichia coli] and [Klebsiella pneumoniae], that treatment options are limited for infections with NDM-1-producing organisms, and that the detection of NDM-1-producing organisms by a laboratory can be difficult," writes Dr. Susan Poutanen, Mount Sinai Hospital and University Health Network, with coauthors.

In the case of the patient who had not travelled, the authors note: "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported instance in which an NDM-1-producing organism was locally acquired in Canada."

In cases where patients are infected with NDM-1, extensive infection control precautions must be taken, including isolation in single rooms and enhanced cleaning.

"European guidelines recommend even more precautionary approaches to protecting patients admitted to hospital and suggest that all hospitals should have preparedness plans in place," state the authors.

Laboratory detection of the pathogen is also difficult, and labs should adopt different screening procedures.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
kim.barnhardt@cmaj.ca
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Delhi air quality regulations improve respiratory health
2. Enzyme may drive breast cancer growth
3. Study suggests enzyme crucial to DNA replication may provide potent anti-cancer drug target
4. The TET1 enzyme steers us through fetal development and fights cancer
5. Investigators discover enzyme essential for healthy lung development
6. Newly discovered role for enzyme in neurodegenerative diseases
7. Enzyme helps prepare lung tissue for metastatic development
8. Heart Enzymes May Predict Outcome After Bypass Surgery
9. Breathing easy: LSU biochemists offer first 3-D model of asthma-causing inflammation enzyme
10. Princess Margaret Hospital researchers identify a key enzyme that affects radiation response
11. Chaperone enzyme provides new target for cancer treatments
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... A revolution is underway. Brooklyn-based ... experience for the millions of people who require these medical transport services annually. ... through the use of technology. Now, SmartEMS has put forth an industry-changing app ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... PLAINSBORO, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... same sources, yet in many ways they remain in the eye of the beholder, ... Oncology (EBO), a publication of The American Journal of Managed Care. For the full ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing Effect ... a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice Levels to ... ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX users ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal ... personalized through a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems ... offer a one size fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Experts from the American Institutes ... Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston. , ... advance care planning, healthcare costs and patient and family engagement. , AIR researchers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016   Bay ... Rehabilitation Network,s Dean Center for Tick Borne ... Medicine and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, University of ... Innovation, today announced the five finalists of ... Lyme disease.  More than 100 scientists, clinicians, researchers, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... the "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart Skin, Structural ... Structural electronics involves electronic and/or ... protective structures, replacing dumb structures such as vehicle ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 Dehaier Medical Systems ... "Company"), which develops, markets and sells medical devices and ... , signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Hongyuan Supply ... Supply Chain") on June 20, 2016, to develop Dehaier,s ... strategic cooperation agreement, Dehaier will leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: