Navigation Links
Neighborhood status influences older women's cognitive function, study finds

Older women who live in a lower socioeconomic status neighborhood are more likely to exhibit lower cognitive functioning than women who live in more affluent neighborhoods, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

The study, published online by the American Journal of Public Health, is the largest of its type to examine whether living in a poor neighborhood is associated with lower cognitive function.

The study found that potential confounders such as vascular health, health behaviors and psychosocial factors such as depressive symptoms explained only a portion of the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and cognitive function.

"This study provides the best evidence yet that living in a neighborhood with lower socioeconomic standing can have an impact on women's cognitive abilities in late life," said Regina A. Shih, the study's lead author and a behavioral scientist at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. "More work is needed to find out whether living in a lower socioeconomic status neighborhood influences cognitive decline that may affect a woman's risk of developing dementia, and to consider ways to intervene."

Researchers analyzed information collected from 6,137 women from across the United States who were surveyed as a part of the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study, an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative hormone therapy trials.

Women from 39 locations who were at least 65 years old and free of dementia were enrolled in the memory study from May 1996 to December 1999. All the women in the study were given a standard test that measures cognitive function by assessing items such as memory, reasoning and spatial functions.

Researchers found that women who lived in neighborhoods with lower socioeconomic status were substantially more likely to have low cognitive scores than similar women who lived in more affluent neighborhoods.

Unlike previous reports, the latest study did not find that older individuals are more vulnerable to the effects of neighborhood socioeconomic status because of a longer exposure to poor or declining neighborhoods.

The study also found that non-whites may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of living in a neighborhood with a lower socioeconomic status. But researchers did not find that an individual's income level or education strengthened or weakened the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and their cognitive functioning.


Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Related medicine news :

1. Heart attack survivors from poorer neighborhoods get less exercise
2. Fast Food Is King of the Neighborhood, Study Reports
3. Cockroach allergens in homes associated with prevalence of childhood asthma in some neighborhoods
4. Close-Knit Neighborhoods Raise Chances of Stroke Survival
5. Autism Diagnoses Still More Likely in Richer Neighborhoods
6. Men in low income neighborhoods drink more than women: Study
7. Neighborhood barbers can influence black men to seek blood-pressure treatment
8. Coastal Canadians living in high-risk neighborhoods in poorer health: Study
9. U.S. Nursing Home Closings Hit Poor Neighborhoods Hardest: Study
10. Violence in inner city neighborhoods contributes to trouble with asthma
11. If we build walkable neighborhoods, will people walk?
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... ) has focused on providing comprehensive solutions involving adult stem cell therapies to ... has officially deemed the “Regenestem” name as a Registered Trademark (RTM). , Organizations ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Genesis Chiropractic Software helps practice ... an agreement between the practice owner and the patient that automatically manages all ... projections. Click here to learn more. , According to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 2015 , ... New patients who wish to seek treatment for missing teeth ... at her Mississauga, ON practice. Dr. Williams has been providing dental service for over ... , Missing teeth can lead to a variety of complications if they are not ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... launched their Black Friday sale a week early, offering 40% off select bras ... the intimate apparel industry through both mobile fit technology and the latest fashion, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... DMG Productions announced that they will feature ... quarter 2016 via Discovery Channel. Dates and show times TBA. , Aphria, Inc., is ... the business of producing and supplying medical marijuana pursuant to the Marijuana for Medical ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015  Natera, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... genetic testing and the analysis of circulating ... present at the 27 th  Annual Piper ... 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ET.  Matthew Rabinowitz, Ph.D., CEO of ... business activities and financial outlook. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... COMMACK, New York , 24. November ... Hersteller des Avery Breathing Pacemaker Systems, ist ... Ph.D., als Clinical Consultant bekannt geben zu ... -->   --> ... Stockholm (Schweden). Von 1984-1986 ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... --  HeartWare International, Inc . (NASDAQ: HTWR ), ... that are revolutionizing the treatment of advanced heart failure, ... Doug Godshall is scheduled to present at the ... December 1, 2015 at 3:00 p.m. ET.  The conference ... York . .  A ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: