Navigation Links
Nearly $4 million awarded to GW School of Public Health and Health Services researchers
Date:9/27/2013

WASHINGTON, DCThe George Washington (GW) University School of Public Health and Health Services (SPHHS) has been awarded three large grants for projects that will look for innovative solutions to some of the nation's most pressing public health challenges. The awards, the largest of which tops $1.8 million, join a long list of SPHHS initiatives, programs and studies that have been funded by the federal government, private foundations and others, to improve the health care system, look for ways to prevent diseases and facilitate the dramatic transformation of the U.S. health care system.

"SPHHS researchers have a long history of spearheading innovative research on critical public health problems," says Lynn R. Goldman, MD, MS, MPH, dean of SPHHS. "I am particularly excited about the three newest grants, which further cement the school's reputation as a research powerhouse."

In the first, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has awarded SPHHS a $1.8 million grant to establish a Health Workforce Research Center (HWRC). This center will conduct studies that focus on the novel and flexible use of health care professionals to improve the health care systemand ease shortages in the workforce, says Patricia (Polly) Pittman, PhD, an associate professor of health policy at SPHHS and principal investigator of the project. She says the Affordable Care Act (ACA) brings up many new questions about the ability of the health care workforce to meet the demands of the future, including a pressing need for primary care delivered in rural or underserved areas of the United States.

"Our research will look at novel ways to ease the shortage of health care professionals in such regions," Pittman says. "We will also investigate other issues that are emerging now under the ACA concerning improvements in the quality of care and efficiency of the health care system." For example, the center will look at whether different skill mix strategies in primary care, and the expanded use of health information technologies, are improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the workforce.

The research conducted by the new center aims to find ways to solve challenges related to the workforce that play a role in access, quality of care and the cost of health care, Pittman says.

In the second, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded SPHHS a $1.3 million grant to study end-stage kidney disease and kidney cancer among autoworkers exposed to potentially harmful chemicals used on the job. The 4-year study will look at whether exposure to metalworking fluids used in cutting and grinding operations in auto plants could harm kidney cells and lead to end stage renal disease and kidney cancer. There has been very little research on occupational exposures and harm to the kidneys yet these organs constantly filter the blood and thus are vulnerable to damage from chemicals, including those used in the workplace, says Kate Applebaum, ScD, MSPH, an assistant professor in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and principal investigator for the project.

The study will look at over 46,000 autoworkers and will include more than 60 years of follow up to find cases of renal disease and kidney cancer, thus making it one of the largest investigations of this issue. "The goal of our project is to advance the knowledge of how these exposures influence multiple adverse outcomes of the kidneys," Applebaum says. "In addition to autoworkers, there are many other occupational groups that use similar fluids. We need to understand the health impact on those exposed and minimize preventable risks." The grant was awarded by The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, which is part of the CDC.

In the third, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation awarded SPHHS approximately $750,000 to develop a user-friendly web tool that would help communities understand how nonprofit hospitals in the area invest in health and health care that is aimed at benefiting the entire community. Users of the tool would be able to see all investments and activities that make the hospital eligible for a tax break and at the same time improve the public health. In order to keep their tax-exempt status nonprofit hospitals must conduct an ACA-mandated community health needs assessmentan analysis that tells them the most pressing health problems in the neighborhoods surrounding the hospital. Hospitals then must develop and execute a plan that tries to come up with solutions for some of the most serious problems, like obesity, smoking or other issues that affect many residents living nearby.

"This web tool would give users a quick way to check on a hospital's health investment and activities that are reported on Schedule H to the Internal Revenue Service," says Sara Rosenbaum, JD, the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Policy and Law at SPHHS and co-principal investigator. "In addition, the tool will allow users to easily compare how their community hospital's performance in this arena compares to other hospitals locally or nationwide."

The 18-month project will use information and a blueprint developed in an earlier project to build a prototype for a tool that would make the community benefit data collected by the IRS in Schedule H easily accessible and understandable, said Maureen Byrnes, MPA, who is also co-principal investigator of the project and a lead research scientist in the SPHHS Department of Health Policy. The team will also test the prototype and produce an updated economic analysis of the total value of tax exemptions for non-profit hospitals nationwide. Such an analysis has not been done since 2002.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathy Fackelmann
kfackelmann@gwu.edu
202-994-8354
George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The AKC Canine Health Foundation Commits Nearly $1.5 Million to Advance the Health of Dogs
2. Olympus, Ethicon, Stryker and Karl Storz Lead the Growing Canadian Endoscopic and Surgical Device Market Valued at Nearly $500 Million, Reports iData Research
3. After Taking Diabetes Drug Actos for Nearly Seven Years, Florida Man Developed Bladder Cancer, Alleges Lawsuit Filed by Parker Waichman LLP
4. Medicaid pays for nearly half of all births in the United States
5. Use of tPA for ischemic stroke nearly doubled from 2003 to 2011
6. Federal Trade Commission Report Card: Nearly 20 Percent of Funeral Homes Have Problems
7. Attorneys at Michael D. Ponce & Associates React to a Study Concluding 40 That Nearly Percent of Designated Drivers Consume Alcohol
8. BCC Research Forecasts the Global Market for Sugar and Other Sweeteners to Reach Nearly $97.2 Billion by 2017: BCC Research
9. Update on Yaz, Yasmin Lawsuits Alleging Blood-Clotting Side Effects: Resource4thePeople Reports Number of Consolidated Cases Climbs to Nearly 10,000
10. Nearly half of sarcoma surgeries done by nonsurgical oncology specialists
11. Nearly 7 in 10 Americans are on prescription drugs, Mayo Clinic study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2016)... KS (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com ... retailers of Eyeglasses . , Millions of individuals in the United States and ... have become a way to both correct vision and make a fashion statement. Even ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... On June 10-11, 2016, A Forever Recovery, a ... and World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, MI, where the rehabilitation facility is ... to some of the world’s leading providers of cereal and other breakfast foods. Its ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws ... a new product that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The formula ... , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan ... require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Austin, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... Fellow of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for ... popular and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016   Pulmatrix, Inc ., (NASDAQ: ... drugs, announced today that it was added to the ... its comprehensive set of U.S. and global equity indexes ... important milestone for Pulmatrix," said Chief Executive Officer ... our progress in developing drugs for crucial unmet medical ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition ... 2022" report to their offering. ... with kidney failure, it replaces the function of kidneys by ... and thus the treatment helps to keep the patient body,s ... Increasing number of ESRD patients & substantial healthcare ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Roche (SIX: ... 510(k) clearance for its Elecsys BRAHMS PCT (procalcitonin) assay ... sepsis or septic shock. With this clearance, Roche is ... a fully integrated solution for sepsis risk assessment and ... with bacterial infection and PCT levels in blood can ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: