Navigation Links
Nations to Launch Negotiations on Treaty to Combat Illicit Tobacco Trade
Date:2/11/2008

International Cooperation Can Save Lives and Billions of Dollars

GENEVA, SWITZERLAND, Feb. 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- On, February 11, representatives from more than 150 countries will begin negotiations here on an historic international treaty to combat illicit trade in tobacco products - a massive global problem that undermines efforts to reduce tobacco use and save lives, helps fund organized crime and terrorist organizations, and costs governments billions in revenue.

The Framework Convention Alliance (FCA), an international alliance of more than 300 non-governmental organizations, urges countries to negotiate a strong treaty that can help reduce tobacco use and its devastating health and financial consequences around the world.

Tobacco use currently claims more than five million lives worldwide each year, and that number is projected to double by 2020, with 70 percent of these deaths in developing nations, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).(1) It also costs nations huge sums annually in health care costs and lost productivity.

Illicit trade refers primarily to the smuggling and counterfeiting of tobacco products, which are the world's most widely smuggled legal consumer product. The illicit trade treaty will be a supplementary treaty, or protocol, to the existing WHO tobacco control treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which became international law in February 2005.

The FCTC obligates ratifying nations, which now number 152, to implement effective measures to reduce tobacco use, including higher tobacco taxes, strong health warnings, laws requiring smoke-free workplaces and public places, and bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. However, illicit tobacco trade undermines the effectiveness of many of these measures, especially higher tobacco taxes, and encourages smoking, especially among price-sensitive young people, by making cigarettes available cheaply.

"By supporting a strong illicit trade treaty, nations can strengthen their own efforts to reduce tobacco use and help their people live longer and healthier lives," said Laurent Huber, Director of the Framework Convention Alliance. "Smuggled and counterfeit tobacco products undermine national tobacco control policies, especially tobacco taxes, and contribute to higher tobacco consumption and more smoking-related illness and death."

It has been estimated(2) that illicit trade accounted for 10.7 percent of global cigarette sales in 2006, or about 600 billion cigarettes. This analysis found that the illicit tobacco trade deprives governments of $US 40-50 billion in tax revenue each year. This is greater than the GDPs of two-thirds of the world's countries.(3)

In addition to being a public health problem and a financial problem, the illicit tobacco trade is also a law and order problem, and even a threat to international security. There is evidence that the illicit tobacco trade is carried out by transnational criminal groups and has been used to raise funds for terrorist organizations.(4)

Nations that are party to the WHO tobacco control treaty agreed in July 2007 to negotiate the supplementary treaty on illicit trade. They did so to prevent illicit trade from undermining other tobacco control efforts and in recognition that the illicit tobacco trade is a transnational problem that cannot be addressed without a comprehensive system of international cooperation. Countries have set a goal of completing the illicit trade treaty by 2010.

The Framework Convention Alliance is urging governments to include the following provisions in the illicit trade protocol:

-- An international tracking and tracing system of tobacco products;

-- Anti-money laundering measures;

-- System of record keeping for all imports and exports of tobacco

products;

-- Obligations for tobacco manufacturers to control their supply chain

with penalties for those that fail to do so;

-- The criminalization of participation in illicit trade in various forms;

-- Increased international cooperation in the sharing of information and

prosecution of offences.

The Framework Convention Alliance is made up of over 300 organizations representing over 100 countries around the world. It was created to support the development, ratification, and implementation of the WHO FCTC. For more information, including a list of members, visit http://www.fctc.org.

(1) World Health Organization, Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook (2004) 6, http://www.who.int/tobacco/resources/publications/tobaccocontrol_handbook/e n/

(2) Framework Convention Alliance, How big was the illicit trade problem in 2006? (Geneva 2007), (To view the following url, please copy and paste it into a browser) http://fctc.org/docs/documents/fca-2007-cop-illicit-trade-how- big-in-2006- en.pdf

(3) Framework Convention Alliance, How big was the illicit trade problem in 2006? (Geneva 2007), (To view the following url, please copy and paste it into a browser) http://fctc.org/docs/documents/fca-2007-cop-illicit-trade-how- big-in-2006- en.pdf

(4) U.S. General Accounting Office, Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists' Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms, Report to Congressional Requesters GAO-04-163 (November 2003) 11-12, http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04163.pdf; Center for Public Integrity, Tobacco Companies Linked to Criminal Organizations in Lucrative Cigarette Smuggling (March 2001),http://www.publicintegrity.org/report.aspx?aid=351


'/>"/>
SOURCE Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Growing Number of U.S. Kids Not Getting Needed Vaccinations
2. Flu Vaccinations Begin on September 29 Maxim Health Systems to Provide 24,000 Flu Shot Clinics Nationwide
3. Whole Foods Market(R) Donates $25,000, for Midwest Farmers - Hoping to Match an Additional $10,000, via Customer Donations
4. New Report Says a Pandemic is Overdue, But Companies and Nations are ill Prepared to Cope With the Impact
5. Women Deliver Conference to Feature United Nations Leaders
6. New transfusion rules restrict donations from previously pregnant women
7. PA Governor Rendell Announces Latest Nominations and Appointments
8. Wide income gap linked to deaths in both rich and poor nations
9. Shareholder Proposals and Director Nominations Due November 5, 2007
10. United Animal Nations Offers Financial Assistance Grants of up to $500 to Help Southern California Fire Victims Obtain Vet Care, Temporary Boarding for Pets
11. First United Nations World Diabetes Day Unites Global Diabetes Community to Fight the Epidemic
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer from a complex set ... drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid this pain and suffering, ... traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range of emotions, from depression, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Conference and Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new ... the grants came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, CA is excited to announce ... program to drive cancer patients to and from their cancer treatments. Comfort Keepers ... of life and ongoing independence. Getting to and from medical treatments is one ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... EB Medicine ... Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor ... Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, LLC (SCP) in concert ... capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered investment events and professional ... than a million dollars of capital investment for five companies. The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Pa. , June 23, 2016 Bracket ... will launch its next generation clinical outcomes platform, Bracket eCOA ... Meeting held on June 26 – 30, 2016 in ... the first electronic Clinical Outcome Assessment product of its kind ... Booth #715. Bracket eCOA 6.0 is a flexible ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, the future ... today online at www.diabetesscholars.org by the Diabetes ... stand in the way of academic and community service ... scholarship program since 2012, and continues to advocate for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: