DALLAS Feb. 6, 2008 There is a lack of equity in health care for minority children in America, according to data gathered in a nationwide survey and analyzed by a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher.
The UT Southwestern analysis, available online and published as an abstract in the February issue of the journal Pediatrics, suggests certain disparities are particularly pronounced for specific racial and ethnic groups. Awareness of these disparities may be useful for clinicians, health systems and policymakers to address the needs of diverse populations, said Dr. Glenn Flores, professor of pediatrics at UT Southwestern and lead author of the study.
Greater attention needs to be paid to disparities in minority children, not just because of their striking frequency and magnitude, but also because of their potential to become disparities in adults, said Dr. Flores. Conservative estimates indicate that minorities will comprise half of U.S. children by 2040. In Texas, more than 62 percent of children currently are non-white. Although increasing attention is being paid to racial and ethnic disparities in health care, very little attention is directed toward children.
Results were drawn from the National Survey of Childrens Health (NSCH). Conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for Health Statistics, the NSCH was a national telephone survey of 102,353 interviews completed between January 2003 and July 2004. One child under the age of 18 was randomly selected in each household as the subject of the survey. The parent or guardian who knew the most about the childs health and health care served as the respondent. Interviews were administered in English and Spanish.
Based on responses, a childs race/ethnicity was classified as white, Latino, African-American, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American or multiracial. Other demographic variables analyzed included the childs age, insuran
|Contact: Erin Prather Stafford|
UT Southwestern Medical Center