Navigation Links
National survey of economists uncovers vast gender gap in policy views

Is there a "gender gap" in the views of professional economists? A new national study finds that while most economists agree on core economic concepts, values and methods, they differ along gender lines in their views on important economic policy.

The study believed to be the first systematic analysis of male and female economists' views on a wide variety of policy issues surveyed hundreds of members of the American Economic Association. The research team found that despite having similar training and adherence to core economic principles and methodology, male and female economists hold different opinions on particular current economic issues and specific economic policies including educational vouchers, health insurance and policies toward labor standards.

Women economists in the study, for example, are less likely to favor limiting government-backed redistribution policies than men. They also view gender inequality as a U.S. labor market problem more than their male counterparts do, and are more likely to favor government intervention over market solutions than men.

Meanwhile, the average male economist sees government regulation as more excessive, exhibits greater support for reducing tariffs, and is more opposed to mandating that employers provide their employees health insurance.

"We wanted to learn if it would make any difference if men or women were at the table when economic policies were debated and alternatives considered," said Ann Mari May, professor of economics at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's College of Business Administration and the study's lead author. "These results suggest that the answer to that question is a clear and definitive yes."

The research also found very different interpretations of the status of job opportunity for men and women, both in economics academia and in the broader job market. Male economists, on average, said that opportunities are relatively equal between the genders in the United States, while the average female economist in the study disagrees.

Similarly, when economists were asked about the gender wage gap, the average male economist agrees that differences in productivity and voluntary occupational choices lead to men earning more, while female economists tend to disagree.

The study comes at a time when the national discussion, including the presidential campaign, is dominated by the economy and about which policies are best for the United States. The authors say their results highlight the importance of including economists of both genders when forming policy to ensure that a variety of professional perspectives are included.

"If demographic differences such as sex help shape our views of policy related questions, it is important that women be included on boards and in policy-making circles at all levels of decision-making," said Mary McGarvey, UNL associate professor of economics and one of the study's co-authors. "While including women in policy-making circles does not prevent the selection of only those individuals with shared beliefs, it nonetheless may increase the possibility that diverse viewpoints will be represented."

Also among the findings:

  • By 20 percentage points, women economists are more likely to disagree that either the United States or the European Union has excessive government regulations. They also are 24 percentage points more likely to believe the size of the U.S. government is either "too small" or "much too small."

  • Women are 41 percentage points more likely than men to favor a more progressive tax structure and 32 percentage points more likely to agree with making the U.S. income distribution more equal.

  • Men support the use of vouchers in education more strongly and were more likely to support drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

The study is forthcoming in the journal Contemporary Economic Policy. In addition to UNL's May and McGarvey, the study was authored by Robert Whaples, professor of economics at Wake Forest University.


Contact: Ann Mari May
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Related medicine news :

1. Queens University Belfast wins national environment award
2. Canada needs national approach to protect against drug shortages
3. ACP physician wins national award for internal medicine education
4. Researchers awarded National Cancer Institute grants aimed at answering provocative questions
5. International academic publishers join Committee on Publication Ethics
6. National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence awards new fellows, scholars
7. SU2C, Dutch Cancer Society announce new International Translational Cancer Research Grant recipients
8. Northwestern Medicine hosts the National Marfan Foundations Annual Conference
9. WPI to host international workshop focused on technology solutions for first responders
10. MCG student receives national medical honor society research fellowship
11. Lowering the national ozone standard would significantly reduce mortality and morbidity
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... of the leading plastic surgery practices in Florida, is proud to announce that ... for surgical innovations giant Ethicon Inc., a Johnson & Johnson Company. , Ethicon ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, ... ... (AIS) is pleased to announce the speakers for “Value-Based Payer-Provider Partnerships: Three ... learned from three innovative value-based care arrangements: Essentia Health and UCare, MissionPoint ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... , ... Sikka Software announced today that they are showcasing the Sikka Software ... complex business decisions by providing the tools and information they need to grow their ... procedures customized by zip code. , The Sikka Software Ecosystem includes over 32 ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... The successful filing of an Investigational ... it is so important to this key industry segment, Regis Technologies has decided to ... on December 4th at 11am EST. , Federal law does not allow new drugs ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... EMIGSVILLE, PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... (CCMS) software provider, has verified that their Vasont Universal Integrator (VUI) extension unites ... handle creating, editing, and managing content as a continuous process with the latest ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)...  Hanger, Inc. (NYSE: HGR ) (the "Company") ... of its previously announced consent solicitation (as amended and ... principal amount 7⅛% Senior Notes due 2018 (the "Notes") ... payable pursuant to the Consent Solicitation, (ii) the proposed ... expiration date of the Consent Solicitation.    ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015  Novartis will demonstrate the strength of its ... American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting. Presentations will ... as supportive care, including key findings in rare and ... The ASH Annual Meeting will be held December 5-8 ... Novartis Oncology . "We will be presenting encouraging overall ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015   VolitionRx Limited (NYSE ... diagnostic tests for a broad range of cancer types and ... LD Micro Conference, which will be held December 1 - 3 ... from VolitionRx will be David Kratochvil , Chief Financial ... of Investor Relations. ® blood-based tests for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: