Navigation Links
National survey of economists uncovers vast gender gap in policy views
Date:9/4/2012

Is there a "gender gap" in the views of professional economists? A new national study finds that while most economists agree on core economic concepts, values and methods, they differ along gender lines in their views on important economic policy.

The study believed to be the first systematic analysis of male and female economists' views on a wide variety of policy issues surveyed hundreds of members of the American Economic Association. The research team found that despite having similar training and adherence to core economic principles and methodology, male and female economists hold different opinions on particular current economic issues and specific economic policies including educational vouchers, health insurance and policies toward labor standards.

Women economists in the study, for example, are less likely to favor limiting government-backed redistribution policies than men. They also view gender inequality as a U.S. labor market problem more than their male counterparts do, and are more likely to favor government intervention over market solutions than men.

Meanwhile, the average male economist sees government regulation as more excessive, exhibits greater support for reducing tariffs, and is more opposed to mandating that employers provide their employees health insurance.

"We wanted to learn if it would make any difference if men or women were at the table when economic policies were debated and alternatives considered," said Ann Mari May, professor of economics at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's College of Business Administration and the study's lead author. "These results suggest that the answer to that question is a clear and definitive yes."

The research also found very different interpretations of the status of job opportunity for men and women, both in economics academia and in the broader job market. Male economists, on average, said that opportunities are relatively equal between the genders in the United States, while the average female economist in the study disagrees.

Similarly, when economists were asked about the gender wage gap, the average male economist agrees that differences in productivity and voluntary occupational choices lead to men earning more, while female economists tend to disagree.

The study comes at a time when the national discussion, including the presidential campaign, is dominated by the economy and about which policies are best for the United States. The authors say their results highlight the importance of including economists of both genders when forming policy to ensure that a variety of professional perspectives are included.

"If demographic differences such as sex help shape our views of policy related questions, it is important that women be included on boards and in policy-making circles at all levels of decision-making," said Mary McGarvey, UNL associate professor of economics and one of the study's co-authors. "While including women in policy-making circles does not prevent the selection of only those individuals with shared beliefs, it nonetheless may increase the possibility that diverse viewpoints will be represented."

Also among the findings:

  • By 20 percentage points, women economists are more likely to disagree that either the United States or the European Union has excessive government regulations. They also are 24 percentage points more likely to believe the size of the U.S. government is either "too small" or "much too small."

  • Women are 41 percentage points more likely than men to favor a more progressive tax structure and 32 percentage points more likely to agree with making the U.S. income distribution more equal.

  • Men support the use of vouchers in education more strongly and were more likely to support drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

The study is forthcoming in the journal Contemporary Economic Policy. In addition to UNL's May and McGarvey, the study was authored by Robert Whaples, professor of economics at Wake Forest University.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ann Mari May
amay1@unl.edu
402-472-3369
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Queens University Belfast wins national environment award
2. Canada needs national approach to protect against drug shortages
3. ACP physician wins national award for internal medicine education
4. Researchers awarded National Cancer Institute grants aimed at answering provocative questions
5. International academic publishers join Committee on Publication Ethics
6. National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence awards new fellows, scholars
7. SU2C, Dutch Cancer Society announce new International Translational Cancer Research Grant recipients
8. Northwestern Medicine hosts the National Marfan Foundations Annual Conference
9. WPI to host international workshop focused on technology solutions for first responders
10. MCG student receives national medical honor society research fellowship
11. Lowering the national ozone standard would significantly reduce mortality and morbidity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Researchers from SUNY State College of Optometry won ... on visual evoked potential and human attention. The article, VEP and Human Attention: ... NOVA™ ERG and VEP Vision Testing System (Diopsys, Inc., Pine Brook, NJ) to ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... TX (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... the United States, named Dr. Anh Tat Nguyen, as the Medical Director of its ... the facility Medical Director of our new DeSoto location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... New Jersey (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... specialized technology firm will be selling the device branded as Stern’s Real Time ... is geared to bedbugs to the hotel and motel industry, colleges for use in ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... According to ... that a group of people randomly assigned to reduce the amount of calories they ... 12 percent drop in body weight enjoyed better sleep, improved quality of life, and ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... BTC Media, a leading digital currency ... to be held in Nashville, Tennessee on September 7, 2016. , The conference ... the event will host teams from around the world, competing to build the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016 Les ... la première endoprothèse à double thérapie au ... portant sur les membres inférieurs et la ... entreprise mondiale spécialisée dans la fourniture de ... a élargi son portefeuille pour inclure des ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... PUNE, India , May 23, 2016 ... is spread across 163 pages, profiles 12 companies and ... 280 tables and figures on the industry and its ... study that is comprehensive in nature, details the current ... of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 The World Health ... PrePex device to include adolescents aged 13 years, and ... can be offered for adult and adolescent males in the ... . PrePex was the first male circumcision device to ... MedTech,s CEO, Eddy Horowitz said: " The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: