Navigation Links
National guardsmen face a high risk of developing alcohol abuse problems following deployment
Date:2/16/2012

February 16, 2012 -- Soldiers in the National Guard with no history of alcohol abuse are at significant risk of developing alcohol-related problems during and after deployment, according to a new study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence journal. Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues at three other institutions found that the soldiers at greatest risk of developing alcohol-related problems also experienced depression and/or PTSD during or after deployment.

Alcohol-related behaviors are common among the military, yet few studies have looked at how issues like PTSD and depression contribute to the risk for abuse during or following their service. The knowledge gap is even greater for army guard soldiers.

The researchers based their findings on data collected between June 2008 and February 2009 from 963 soldiers of the Ohio Army National Guard and who said they had never abused alcohol prior to active duty. The investigators found that 113 (11.7%) of the soldiers reported alcohol abuse disorder that first occurred during or post deployment.

The 113 respondents were also screened for depression and PTSD based on standard criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Among this group, 35 (31%) also reported depression, 23 (20.4%) reported PTSD, and 15 (13.3%) reported both psychiatric conditions. Interestingly, the study shows that alcohol abuse was uncommon among the small number of participants who had a history of depression or PTSD prior to their deployment.

The soldiers at risk for new onset alcohol abuse were mostly male (97%), less than 35 years of age (74%), and single (45%). The majority had been deployed only once and most recently to a conflict setting.

"A novel finding of our study is that developing depression or PTSD during or after deployment were strong risk factors for having alcohol problems during the same time period," said Brandon Marshall, PhD, of the Department of Epidemiology at Columbia's Mailman School and lead author of the study. Because new onset alcohol abuse was most common among service members experiencing depression and PTSD, one possible explanation is that soldiers who experienced depression or PTSD self-medicate with alcohol to cope with negative feelings and the stress of deployment.

These findings have important implications for intervention and policy, according to Dr. Marshall and colleagues. Historically, few active soldiers seek treatment services for alcohol abuse, mainly because information is non-confidential and may be perceived as having negative career consequences. "The high prevalence of alcohol abuse during and after deployment observed here suggests that policies that promote improved access to care and confidentiality merit strong consideration," noted Dr. Marshall.

Previous studies have found that National Guard soldiers are more likely to engage in alcohol-related behavior compared to active army personnel. They are also less likely to enter substance abuse treatment after they return from active duty. "These findings indicate the urgent need to evaluate the availability and uptake of alcohol treatment interventions for this population," noted Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH, chair of the Mailman School Department of Epidemiology and senior author.

The investigators caution that the timing of new onset alcohol abuse in relation to a psychiatric disorder was self-reported. They also note that there were few women included in the study.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NationalCreditReport.com Reminds Consumers of Ways to Improve Credit Report and Score in 2010
2. The National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship Joins the Commission on Cancer
3. National Wildlife Federation Says Outdoor Time for Kids Can Help First Lady Achieve Her “Let's Move” Goal
4. Howard Dean to Speak at the 2010 DTC National Conference
5. International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
6. Jion Beijing Great Wall International Travel Agency Immediate Exposure to China Expo 2010
7. U.S. National Guard Connects Nationwide with Desktop Alert's Command and Control Mass Notification Systems and Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)
8. H1N1 international symposium to be hosted by Emory-UGA Influenza Center
9. The Alliance for a Healthier Generation Names Celtics Captain Paul Pierce National Athlete Spokesperson in the Fight Against Childhood Obesity
10. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
11. Protecting patients: Study shows that Johns Hopkins flu vaccination rates twice national average
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... services with or without a referral to new patients from Burnaby, BC. Patients ... or other full mouth reconstruction services, can see the esteemed team at Wall ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Patients interested in receiving ... from Dr. Jamie Cameron, with or without a referral. The FASTBRACES system is ... Depending on each patient’s case, treatment with the FASTBRACES system could be completed ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... it continues developing an ANSI-approved, consensus-based American National Standard for Good Manufacturing ... publish the first ANSI-approved GMP standard for dietary supplements this spring, is ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... 29, 2017 , ... Altima Technologies, Inc., the maker of ... center assets and audio-video devices has recently updated its Visio Stencils library with ... and download shapes and stencils from http://www.VisioStencils.com. , New devices were ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... oral braces. "The rubber bands used in conjunction with my braces always rubbed ... to design a way to prevent this problem." The O.B.S. was the result ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... 29, 2017  Designers of primary cell wearable medical ... by 50% and extend battery life with the MAX20310 ... circuit (PMIC) from Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... input voltage of just 0.7V for new high-energy density ... as well as the more common Alkaline battery architecture. ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , USA, March 29, 2017 Stryker ... that Cares by People magazine, in partnership with Great ... 50 companies on the list. This list highlights the ... have succeeded in business while also demonstrating respect, compassion ... environment.  To determine the companies on ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - Medicure Inc. ("Medicure") (TSXV:MPH, ... results for the year ended December 31, 2016 ... The results are being released later than the ... will include the operations and balances of Apicore ... This release and filing date meets TSX Venture ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: