Navigation Links
National Screening Urged to Detect Eye Disease in Blacks
Date:3/16/2012

FRIDAY, March 16 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged black people may benefit from a routine national glaucoma screening program, according to new research.

A computer-based mathematical model found routine screening could make a modest reduction in the number of people who go blind or become visually impaired from the eye disease.

Glaucoma is a chronic, degenerative disease that affects more than 2.2 million Americans and nearly 2 percent of Americans older than age 40, according to the study authors. There are several types, the most common of which is open-angle chronic glaucoma, which occurs when pressure builds in the eye and puts pressure on the optic nerve.

Yet, many cases go undiagnosed. "The high prevalence of undiagnosed glaucoma contributes to visual loss, an outcome that is disproportionately common in African American individuals," the authors wrote.

Using data from the Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group and Baltimore Eye Study, researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School simulated what the effects would be of a national glaucoma screening policy for black people.

The researchers found that a universal, community-based glaucoma screening program for black people aged 50 to 59 without glaucoma would reduce the prevalence of undiagnosed glaucoma over their lifetime from 50 percent to 27 percent. The analysis also found the program would reduce glaucoma-related visual impairment from 4.6 percent to 4.4 percent, and glaucoma-related blindness from 6.1 percent to 5.6 percent.

The study was published in the March issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology.

For every 58 people screened, one person would be diagnosed with glaucoma, according to the study, while 875 people would need to be screened to prevent one person from becoming visually impaired.

Researchers estimated costs at about $80 for each person screened and examined to confirm a diagnosis. They did not, however, factor in the cost of visual rehabilitation, disability or long-term care in patients with blindness.

"We conclude that routine screening for glaucoma in African American individuals is a potentially clinically effective and economical method to reduce the burden of glaucoma-related visual impairment and blindness, though its absolute benefit is likely to be modest," the authors wrote. "Future studies should also consider long-term costs associated with treatment and the impact of delaying visual impairment on health-related quality of life."

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health provides more information on glaucoma.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: JAMA and Archives Journals, news release, March 12, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. NationalCreditReport.com Reminds Consumers of Ways to Improve Credit Report and Score in 2010
2. The National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship Joins the Commission on Cancer
3. National Wildlife Federation Says Outdoor Time for Kids Can Help First Lady Achieve Her “Let's Move” Goal
4. Howard Dean to Speak at the 2010 DTC National Conference
5. International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
6. Jion Beijing Great Wall International Travel Agency Immediate Exposure to China Expo 2010
7. U.S. National Guard Connects Nationwide with Desktop Alert's Command and Control Mass Notification Systems and Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)
8. H1N1 international symposium to be hosted by Emory-UGA Influenza Center
9. The Alliance for a Healthier Generation Names Celtics Captain Paul Pierce National Athlete Spokesperson in the Fight Against Childhood Obesity
10. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
11. Protecting patients: Study shows that Johns Hopkins flu vaccination rates twice national average
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... needed and will ultimately do significant harm to people with all chronic conditions, ... , "While it leaves in place the Affordable Care Act (ACA) requirement that ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2017 , ... Studies show ... significantly reduce the risk of visual loss in these patients. , But how often ... diet, or smoking cessation to patients at risk of or with early symptoms of ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Military Connection friend and veteran advocate ... JFK Virgin Atlantic lounge. , Bensko is no stranger to the plight of ... dedicated her life to supporting our wounded veterans. A world-class photographer, her riveting photos ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic Channel has recently highlighted Dr. Ben Talei’s ... with a proprietary technique that he calls the AuraLyft Facelift. The AuraLyft ... ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and revitalized. , Dr. Talei’s ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... 21 Middle East and South Asia Leaders ... leaders from government, business and civil society in 11 countries across the Middle East ... engaging in a transformative exchange of knowledge and ideas with the leading minds in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... -- ivWatch LLC, a medical device company focused on improving ... pleased to announce it was the Bronze Winner last ... Equipment at the 2017 Medical Design Excellence Awards (MDEAs), ... award was presented by Medical Device and Diagnostics Industry ... New York during MD&M East, the ...
(Date:6/13/2017)... 13, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and ... that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has notified ... relating to its Zhejiang, China manufacturing ... "The successful clearance of the Warning Letter related to ... is a measure of the progress we have made in ...
(Date:6/10/2017)... , June 9, 2017  Shane K. Burchfield, DPM, is recognized ... excellence as a Podiatrist in Alabama . ... Family First Foot Care. He brings over 20 years of experience, ... management and healthcare, to his role. ... Care, PC is pleased to welcome you to his ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: