SAN JOSE, Calif., Oct. 8 /PRNewswire/ -- The next time you run nutritionals using the government's database, you might be pleasantly surprised that some of your favorite foods seem to have received a nutrient boost, virtually overnight.
The addition of vitamin D values to nearly half of all food entries - including mushrooms, the only fruit or vegetable with natural vitamin D - topped the list of important updates made to the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) release 22 of the National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. The database is available for anyone to search or download from the Nutrient Data Laboratory Web site and can be found here: www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata.
The database - which contains nutrient data for over 7,500 food items for up to 143 food components, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and fatty acids - is the foundation of most food and nutrition databases in the U.S., used for determining the nutritional components of recipes, along with serving as a resource in food policy and research.
"Nutrition and health professionals regard the database as the authoritative source of information about food composition in the United States," said Mary Jo Feeney, Fellow of the American Dietetic Association and nutrition research coordinator for the Mushroom Council. There is a substantial amount of research and public health interest in the role of vitamin D in health. The inclusion of vitamin D values for mushrooms in the database enables health professionals to assess consumers' intake of vitamin D and use mushrooms to help meet their dietary needs."
Similar to the way that humans absorb sunlight and convert it to vitamin D, mushrooms contain a plant sterol--ergosterol--that converts to vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. The top three selling mushroom varieties (button, crimini and portabella) have vitamin D ranging from 1 to 118 percent of the Daily Value (400 IU).
The Vitamin D Download
Interest in vitamin D, also called the "sunshine vitamin" has exploded in the past year, making D the new hot nutrient among consumers and health professionals alike.
Plantains, Gold Kiwifruit and Energy Drinks
Some other interesting facts about the database and the newly added foods and beverages:
For more information on mushrooms and vitamin D, visit www.MushroomInfo.com.
The Mushroom Council is composed of fresh market producers or importers who average more than 500,000 pounds of mushrooms produced or imported annually. The mushroom program is authorized by the Mushroom Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act of 1990 and is administered by the Mushroom Council under the supervision of the Agricultural Marketing Service. Research and promotion programs help to expand, maintain and develop markets for individual agricultural commodities in the United States and abroad. These industry self-help programs are requested and funded by the industry groups that they serve. For more information on the Mushroom Council, visit mushroomcouncil.org.
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(2) Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Rimm EB, Hollis BW, et al. Prospective study of predictors of vitamin D status and cancer incidence and mortality in men. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006;98:451-9.
(3) Spina CS, et al. Vitamin D and cancer. Anticancer Res. 2006;26(4A):2515-24.
(4) Palmieri C, MacGregor T, Girgis S, Vigushin D. Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels in early and advanced breast cancer. J Clin Pathol.2006; online edition: http://jcp.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/59/12/1334
(5) Zitterman A, Koerfer R. Vitamin D in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2008 Nov;11(6):752-7.
(6) Bailey R, et al. Association of the vitamin D metabolism gene CYP27B1 with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes, 2007 Oct;56(10):2616-21. Epub 2007 Jul 2.
(7) Munger KL, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA, 2006 Dec 20;296(23):2832-8.
CONTACT: Kirsten Stahlberg (312) 233-1324 firstname.lastname@example.org
SOURCE The Mushroom Council
|SOURCE The Mushroom Council|
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