Global Patent Harmonization
Alex Camarota, of the Office of Innovation at the USPTO, spoke on efforts to "harmonize" patent offices around the world to ensure standardized methods of measuring patent quality and, at the same time, help spur global innovation.
"The potential for robust digital collaboration among the world's patent offices remains largely unrealized," said Camarota. "This is not surprising as patent systems, like the nations they serve, embody different languages, cultural values, policies and legal systems."
For Camarota, reconciling these differences represents a "Herculean task," yet it must be done to better ensure the future of innovation.
"Perhaps the most difficult and immediate barrier to harmonization is the lack of a system for measuring patent quality," he said. "Without standard patent quality metrics, collaboration between IP offices is difficult."
He described a partnership between the USPTO and the European Patent Office (EPO) called the "Cooperative Patent Classification" (CPC) project charged with building and maintaining a jointly managed patent classification system using the best practices from each system. The new system, launched Jan. 2, 2013, will be used by 45 patent offices and 20,000 patent examiners worldwide.
Job Creation through Innovation
According to Daniel Daly, director of the Alabama Innovation and Mentoring of Entrepreneurs Center at the University of Alabama, higher labor costs, shrinking margins, and a growing aversion to the risks of longer term research and development appear to play significant roles in job loss in the U.S., especially among chemists. Daly presented a case study in which the American Chemical Society (ACS) responded to help its members, who are highly skilled and highly paid workers, to
|Contact: Judy Lowry|
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)