Navigation Links
Nanoparticles to probe mystery sperm defects behind infertility
Date:11/15/2013

A way of using nanoparticles to investigate the mechanisms underlying 'mystery' cases of infertility has been developed by scientists at Oxford University.

The technique, published in Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, could eventually help researchers to discover the causes behind cases of unexplained infertility and develop treatments for affected couples. The method involves loading porous silica nanoparticle 'envelopes' with compounds to identify, diagnose or treat the causes of infertility.

The researchers demonstrated that the nanoparticles could be attached to boar sperm with no detrimental effects on their function.

'An attractive feature of nanoparticles is that they are like an empty envelope that can be loaded with a variety of compounds and inserted into cells,' says Dr Natalia Barkalina, lead author of the study from the Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Oxford University. 'The nanoparticles we use don't appear to interfere with the sperm, making them a perfect delivery vessel.

'We will start with compounds to investigate the biology of infertility, and within a few years may be able to explain or even diagnose rare cases in patients. In future we could even deliver treatments in a similar way.'

Sperm are difficult to study due to their small size, unusual shape and short lifetime outside of the body. Yet this is a vital part of infertility research, as senior author Dr Kevin Coward explains: 'To discover the causes of infertility, we need to investigate sperm to see where the problems start. Previous methods involved complicated procedures in animals and introduced months of delays before the sperm could be used.

'Now, we can simply expose sperm to nanoparticles in a petri dish. It's so simple that it can all be done quickly enough for the sperm to survive perfectly unharmed.'

The team, based at the Institute of Reproductive Sciences, used boar sperm because of its similarities to human sperm, as study co-author Celine Jones explains: 'It is similar in size, shape and activity. Now that we have proven the system in boar sperm, we hope to replicate our findings in human sperm and eventually see if we can use them to deliver compounds to eggs as well.'

The research was an interdisciplinary effort, involving reproductive biologists from the Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and nanoscientists from the Department of Engineering Science led by Dr Helen Townley.

The study was funded by the Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Oxford University and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). This technique is the subject of patent applications held by Isis Innovation, Oxford University's technology transfer arm.


'/>"/>

Contact: University of Oxford Press Office
press.office@admin.ox.ac.uk
44-018-652-80528
University of Oxford
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Shape of nanoparticles points the way toward more targeted drugs
2. New gene delivery method: magnetic nanoparticles
3. Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal
4. Mayo Clinic: How gold nanoparticles can help fight ovarian cancer
5. New technique can help nanoparticles deliver drug treatments
6. Nanoparticles loaded with bee venom kill HIV
7. Researchers show that lipid nanoparticles are ideal for delivering genes and drugs
8. New electrically-conductive polymer nanoparticles can generate heat to kill colorectal cancer cells
9. UGA researchers boost efficacy of drugs by using nanoparticles to target powerhouse of cells
10. Nanoparticles detect biochemistry of inflammation
11. Improved nanoparticles deliver drugs into brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Nanoparticles to probe mystery sperm defects behind infertility
(Date:10/12/2017)... WILMINGTON, Del. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... technology and advisory services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range ... and National Association for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults ... tested to meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... in post-acute health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through ... AccentCare has been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in healthcare ... Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during ... , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range of ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite ... program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/28/2017)... Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will host ... webcast on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning at 7:00 ... approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. (EDT). ... performance and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives will also ... performance, and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... 2017  EpiVax, Inc., a leader in the ... today announced the launch of EpiVax Oncology Inc., ... therapeutic cancer vaccines. EpiVax has provided $500,000 in ... enabling technologies to the new precision immunotherapy venture. ... Oncology as Chief Executive Officer. Gad brings over ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... , Sept. 19, 2017   ZirMed Inc ., a ... today announced that it has been ranked #1 by its ... Book™ Rankings 2017 User Survey. ZirMed was recognized as ... large hospitals and medical centers over 200 beds and holds ... healthcare technology user survey history. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: