Navigation Links
NIH study sheds light on how to reset the addicted brain
Date:4/3/2013

Could drug addiction treatment of the future be as simple as an on/off switch in the brain? A study in rats has found that stimulating a key part of the brain reduces compulsive cocaine-seeking and suggests the possibility of changing addictive behavior generally. The study, published in Nature, was conducted by scientists at the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health, and the University of California, San Francisco.

"This exciting study offers a new direction of research for the treatment of cocaine and possibly other addictions," said NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow. "We already knew, mainly from human brain imaging studies, that deficits in the prefrontal cortex are involved in drug addiction. Now that we have learned how fundamental these deficits are, we feel more confident than ever about the therapeutic promise of targeting that part of the brain."

Compulsive drug-taking, despite negative health and social consequences, has been the most difficult challenge in human drug addiction. NIDA researchers used an animal model of cocaine addiction, in which some rats exhibited addictive behavior by pushing levers to get cocaine even when followed by a mild electric shock to the foot. Other rats did not exhibit addictive responses.

The NIDA scientists compared nerve cell firing patterns in both groups of rats by examining cells from the prefrontal cortex. They determined that cocaine produced greater functional brain deficits in the addicted rats. Scientists then used optogenetic techniques on both groups of rats -- essentially shining a light onto modified cells to increase or lessen activity in that part of the brain. In the addicted rats, activating the brain cells (thereby removing the deficits) reduced cocaine-seeking. In the non-addicted rats, deactivating the brain cells (thereby creating the deficits) increased compulsive cocaine seeking.

"This is the first study to show a cause-and-effect relationship between cocaine-induced brain deficits in the prefrontal cortex and compulsive cocaine-seeking," said NIDA's Dr. Billy Chen, first author of the study. "These results provide evidence for a cocaine-induced deficit within a brain region that is involved in disorders characterized by poor impulse control, including addiction."

"What I find to be an exceptional breakthrough is that our results can be immediately translated to clinical research settings with humans, and we are planning clinical trials to stimulate this brain region using non-invasive methods," said Dr. Antonello Bonci, NIDA scientific director and senior author of the study. "By targeting a specific portion of the prefrontal cortex, our hope is to reduce compulsive cocaine-seeking and craving in patients."

In 2011, there were an estimated 1.4 million Americans age 12 and older who were current (past-month) cocaine users, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. However, there are currently no medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of cocaine addiction.


'/>"/>

Contact: Press Office
media@nida.nih.gov
301-443-6245
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study Suggests Vaccine May Help Kids With Brain Cancer
2. Study reveals how cancer drug causes diabetic-like state
3. Coffee Drinking in Pregnancy Wont Lead to Sleepless Baby: Study
4. Lower GI problems plague many with rheumatoid arthritis, Mayo Clinic study finds
5. Veggies Like Broccoli, Cabbage May Help Fight Breast Cancer: Study
6. No Added Cancer Risk From Hip Replacement Materials: Study
7. Reported Decline in U.S. Pneumonia Deaths May Be False: Study
8. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
9. Narcissists Often Ace Job Interviews, Study Finds
10. Sexual objectification of female artists in music videos exists regardless of race, MU study finds
11. Soy may alleviate hot flashes in menopause, large-scale study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently gave a best-in-class 5-star rating ... , As the stress of modern life continually makes more demands on time and ... artificial stimulants can trap people in vicious high/low cycles and can also cause long ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... PracticeMatch, a company that provides online ... with physicians and advanced practitioners like nurse practitioners and physician assistants ... through November of this year. The online career fairs will allow job seekers to ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Los Angeles area medical group Beverly ... year 2017-2018, Christina M. Busuito, M.D. and Lukasz Swistun, M.D. This one year ... Reconstructive Surgery. The candidate will have the opportunity to work with leading ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... August 21, 2017 , ... Five ... money and awareness for Alzheimer’s Family Center. , Guests will be able to ... Newport Beach Plaza, Braised Lamb Shank with Fennel Dill Salad, Feta Cheese Sauce & ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... ... The experts have spoken. Prolonged sitting and standing are a no-no for ... healthy way these days? FlexiSpot, one of the fastest-growing manufacturers of ergonomic office solutions, ... Deskcise Pro™– the world’s first sit-stand-cycle desk to backers worldwide. , The Launch , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2017)...  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), has been named one ... by Crain,s Detroit Business . The annual ... three-year revenue growth. This year,s edition measures growth from 2013 ... the complete list, visit crainsdetroit.com/awards/fast_50/2017 .  ... said Phil Hagerman , CEO and chairman of Diplomat. ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... CHICAGO, July 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... fiscal third quarter ended June 30, 2017, and updated ... For the fiscal third quarter, ... to $0.68 per diluted share in the prior-year period. ... of $0.39 per diluted share primarily related to the ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... 2017  West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. (NYSE: ... second-quarter 2017 and updated financial guidance for the full-year ... Highlights Reported net sales of $397.6 ... quarter. Net sales at constant currency (organic) grew by ... $0.51, compared to $0.60 in the prior-year quarter. Second-quarter ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: