Navigation Links
NIH scientists reflect on gains in emerging infectious disease awareness, research and response
Date:12/11/2012

WHAT:

In a new essay, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David Morens, M.D., reflect on what has been learned about emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in the two decades since a major report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine rekindled interest in this important topic.

Heightened awareness of EIDs is itself a countermeasure against disease, note the authors. The emergence of new diseases can now be monitored in real time online through Internet resources such as ProMED. In 2012 alone, such resources kept the scientific community and the public informed about the emergence in the Middle East of a novel disease-causing coronavirus; occurrences of illness at Yosemite National Park caused by a hantavirus; and the emergence in U.S. farm communities of a variant influenza virus (H3N2v) that spread from swine to people. The authors point to advances that have improved the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of EIDs. Rapid sequencing of whole genomes, for example, allows for swift identification of new disease agents. The complex interactions between disease-causing microbes and human hosts are being revealed through approaches that describe entire biological systems holistically (systems biology). The data from such studies can be used to inform the development of drugs or vaccines. Recent appreciation of the sometimes beneficial role of communities of microorganisms dwelling in the gut, mouth, skin and other niches has reshaped the standard notion of infectious diseases as a simple contest between virulent invading pathogens and the human immune system.

The scientists emphasize the need for sustained commitment to developing countermeasures for specific diseases and to basic research that will lead to a greater understanding of infectious diseases and human susceptibility.

ARTICLE:

DM Morens and AS Fauci. Emerging infectious diseases in 2012: 20 years after the Institute of Medicine report. mBio DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00494-12 (2012) (http://mbio.asm.org/content/3/6/e00494-12).

WHO:

NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David M. Morens, M.D., senior advisor to the NIAID Director are available to comment.

CONTACT:

To schedule interviews, please contact Anne A. Oplinger, (301) 402-1663, aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 2 UT Southwestern scientists honored as rising stars in Texas research
2. Drug resistant leukemia stem cells may be source of genetic chaos, Temple scientists find
3. UCLA cancer scientists identify liposarcoma tumors that respond to chemotherapy
4. To make old skin cells act young again, boost their surroundings, U-M scientists show
5. Temple scientists target DNA repair to eradicate leukemia stem cells
6. Green scientists propose safety testing system for development of new chemicals
7. Scientists discover mechanism that could reduce obesity
8. Johns Hopkins scientists pair blood test and gene sequencing to detect cancer
9. Scripps Florida scientists uncover a novel cooperative effort to stop cancer spread
10. Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology identify key event for sex determination
11. Scientists win funding to study new treatment for severe chronic pain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... The talus is the part ankle that ... or traffic accidents can cause the talus bone to be fractured, and a high ... a first-of-its-kind procedure using 3D printing technology, internationally renowned orthopedic surgeon Dr. Mark ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... children has donated 100 of its innovative kicking trainers to St. Jude Children’s ... The SOCKIT is a durable, lightweight rubber band designed to teach children how ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... Camas and Vancouver, WA, has announced the latest beneficiary of their ongoing ... Foundation and their Mammography Program, which provides free mammograms and diagnostic breast ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... IsoComforter, ... the introduction of the innovative newly improved Iso-Hip Wrap. The newly designed ... plush design enhances comfort and enables the patient to enjoy the benefits of ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... A new collaboration will ... The Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) and analytics leader SAS will provide researchers worldwide ... collected by the Duke University Health System. , The DCRI and SAS share ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... In March, 2016, Rx-360 ... free workshops across Africa ... Good Distribution Practices (GDP). Good Distribution Practice is ... are consistently stored, transported and handled under suitable conditions as ... Only a few years ago, there were few ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... Research and Markets has ... Myeloma Market and Competitive Landscape Highlights - ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) , ... Highlights 2016, provides comprehensive insights into Multiple ... Myeloma market valuations and forecast, Multiple Myeloma ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... DUBLIN , May 4, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the addition of the  "Global Acute Myeloid ... 2016"  report to their offering.  ... ,Global Acute Myeloid Leukemia Market and Competitive ... Acute Myeloid Leukemia pipeline products, Acute Myeloid ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: