Navigation Links
NIH scientists reflect on gains in emerging infectious disease awareness, research and response
Date:12/11/2012

WHAT:

In a new essay, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David Morens, M.D., reflect on what has been learned about emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in the two decades since a major report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine rekindled interest in this important topic.

Heightened awareness of EIDs is itself a countermeasure against disease, note the authors. The emergence of new diseases can now be monitored in real time online through Internet resources such as ProMED. In 2012 alone, such resources kept the scientific community and the public informed about the emergence in the Middle East of a novel disease-causing coronavirus; occurrences of illness at Yosemite National Park caused by a hantavirus; and the emergence in U.S. farm communities of a variant influenza virus (H3N2v) that spread from swine to people. The authors point to advances that have improved the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of EIDs. Rapid sequencing of whole genomes, for example, allows for swift identification of new disease agents. The complex interactions between disease-causing microbes and human hosts are being revealed through approaches that describe entire biological systems holistically (systems biology). The data from such studies can be used to inform the development of drugs or vaccines. Recent appreciation of the sometimes beneficial role of communities of microorganisms dwelling in the gut, mouth, skin and other niches has reshaped the standard notion of infectious diseases as a simple contest between virulent invading pathogens and the human immune system.

The scientists emphasize the need for sustained commitment to developing countermeasures for specific diseases and to basic research that will lead to a greater understanding of infectious diseases and human susceptibility.

ARTICLE:

DM Morens and AS Fauci. Emerging infectious diseases in 2012: 20 years after the Institute of Medicine report. mBio DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00494-12 (2012) (http://mbio.asm.org/content/3/6/e00494-12).

WHO:

NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David M. Morens, M.D., senior advisor to the NIAID Director are available to comment.

CONTACT:

To schedule interviews, please contact Anne A. Oplinger, (301) 402-1663, aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 2 UT Southwestern scientists honored as rising stars in Texas research
2. Drug resistant leukemia stem cells may be source of genetic chaos, Temple scientists find
3. UCLA cancer scientists identify liposarcoma tumors that respond to chemotherapy
4. To make old skin cells act young again, boost their surroundings, U-M scientists show
5. Temple scientists target DNA repair to eradicate leukemia stem cells
6. Green scientists propose safety testing system for development of new chemicals
7. Scientists discover mechanism that could reduce obesity
8. Johns Hopkins scientists pair blood test and gene sequencing to detect cancer
9. Scripps Florida scientists uncover a novel cooperative effort to stop cancer spread
10. Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology identify key event for sex determination
11. Scientists win funding to study new treatment for severe chronic pain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 28, 2017 , ... ... consulting firm servicing communities throughout the greater Cincinnati metropolitan area, is teaming up ... temporary lodgings for families with children receiving treatment in nearby hospitals. , Ronald ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... London UK (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2017 , ... ... a clinical study is whether they can trust the sponsor to pay them correctly ... vital that sponsors and CROs establish payment strategies that encourage sites to work on ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... , ... The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projects that the Better Care Reconciliation ... and Affordable Care Act (ACA), would result in 22 million Americans losing their health ... More than 20 million Americans have gained health insurance under the ACA, and from ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... A January 18th article on medGadget reports ... billion by the year 2024 according to a new report. The article also notes ... from titanium. Los Angeles area clinic Beverly Hills Periodontics & Dental Implant Center says ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 27, ... ... communications and marketing experts to contribute to an upcoming case studies guidebook. This ... or her organization. , This book will include articles, case studies and how-to’s ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/8/2017)... -- Less than a month ago, amateur hackers executed an ... hospital networks, in over 150 countries. The ... online extortion attempts ever recorded. With the increasing complexity ... that providers understand where the risks lie, and how ... many other very real cyber threats.  ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... GAITHERSBURG, Md. , June 7, 2017  Novavax, Inc., ... the second of two Phase 2 trials of its RSV ... women of child bearing age have been published in the ... this publication have been shared in prior scientific conferences). The ... trial in April 2014. Novavax is developing the RSV F ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... , June 3, 2017  Eli Lilly ... announced that results from the Phase 3 MONARCH ... (CDK)4 & 6 inhibitor, in combination with fulvestrant, ... with fulvestrant alone in women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), ... breast cancer who have relapsed or progressed after ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: