Navigation Links
NIH scientists reflect on gains in emerging infectious disease awareness, research and response
Date:12/11/2012

WHAT:

In a new essay, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David Morens, M.D., reflect on what has been learned about emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in the two decades since a major report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine rekindled interest in this important topic.

Heightened awareness of EIDs is itself a countermeasure against disease, note the authors. The emergence of new diseases can now be monitored in real time online through Internet resources such as ProMED. In 2012 alone, such resources kept the scientific community and the public informed about the emergence in the Middle East of a novel disease-causing coronavirus; occurrences of illness at Yosemite National Park caused by a hantavirus; and the emergence in U.S. farm communities of a variant influenza virus (H3N2v) that spread from swine to people. The authors point to advances that have improved the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of EIDs. Rapid sequencing of whole genomes, for example, allows for swift identification of new disease agents. The complex interactions between disease-causing microbes and human hosts are being revealed through approaches that describe entire biological systems holistically (systems biology). The data from such studies can be used to inform the development of drugs or vaccines. Recent appreciation of the sometimes beneficial role of communities of microorganisms dwelling in the gut, mouth, skin and other niches has reshaped the standard notion of infectious diseases as a simple contest between virulent invading pathogens and the human immune system.

The scientists emphasize the need for sustained commitment to developing countermeasures for specific diseases and to basic research that will lead to a greater understanding of infectious diseases and human susceptibility.

ARTICLE:

DM Morens and AS Fauci. Emerging infectious diseases in 2012: 20 years after the Institute of Medicine report. mBio DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00494-12 (2012) (http://mbio.asm.org/content/3/6/e00494-12).

WHO:

NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David M. Morens, M.D., senior advisor to the NIAID Director are available to comment.

CONTACT:

To schedule interviews, please contact Anne A. Oplinger, (301) 402-1663, aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 2 UT Southwestern scientists honored as rising stars in Texas research
2. Drug resistant leukemia stem cells may be source of genetic chaos, Temple scientists find
3. UCLA cancer scientists identify liposarcoma tumors that respond to chemotherapy
4. To make old skin cells act young again, boost their surroundings, U-M scientists show
5. Temple scientists target DNA repair to eradicate leukemia stem cells
6. Green scientists propose safety testing system for development of new chemicals
7. Scientists discover mechanism that could reduce obesity
8. Johns Hopkins scientists pair blood test and gene sequencing to detect cancer
9. Scripps Florida scientists uncover a novel cooperative effort to stop cancer spread
10. Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology identify key event for sex determination
11. Scientists win funding to study new treatment for severe chronic pain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/19/2017)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... serious hazards while driving during a rain storm by slowing down and increasing the ... published on Fox 40. Los Angeles based car accident attorney Raymond R. Hassanlou notes ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 19, 2017 , ... Sales Focus Inc. (SFI), a Maryland-based sales outsourcing company, ... Over the past 20 years SFI has been recognized as the world’s leader in ... clients into the US market. The new clients include: Panacea Pro, Campseekers, Contentmart, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , ... January 19, 2017 ... ... member of the American Osteopathic College of Proctology) announced today the opening ... throughout Southern California ( http://www.hemorrhoidsremovalcenterscalifornia.com ): Hemorrhoids Center of Los Angeles (Beverly ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... From a health perspective, 2017 will ... linking gut health to chronic disease, mental health and general physical well-being. The New ... important resolution to consider. , For one Charlottesville restaurant, good gut health is clearly ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... journal and most-read publication among specialty pharmacists and pharmacy professionals, has teamed ... Strategic Alliance Partnership (SAP) program, announced Brian Haug, president of Pharmacy Healthcare ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , January 19, 2017 ... administration appears serious about reducing the FDA,s regulatory ... innovation in the medical drug industry, many of ... with new clinical trials and development of advanced ... forging ahead with recent developments include:  Moleculin Biotech, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017  Magnetic Insight Inc., leader in magnetic ... agreement with inviCRO LLC to develop intuitive image ... based on inviCRO,s VivoQuant™ visualization and post processing ... complete MPI solution package with the Momentum MPI ... imaging in vivo. MPI is a ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 18, 2017  EnteroMedics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... neuroblocking technology to treat obesity, metabolic diseases and ... an underwritten public offering of units for gross ... discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by ... Class A Units, priced at a public offering ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: