Navigation Links
NIH scientists reflect on gains in emerging infectious disease awareness, research and response
Date:12/11/2012

WHAT:

In a new essay, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David Morens, M.D., reflect on what has been learned about emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in the two decades since a major report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine rekindled interest in this important topic.

Heightened awareness of EIDs is itself a countermeasure against disease, note the authors. The emergence of new diseases can now be monitored in real time online through Internet resources such as ProMED. In 2012 alone, such resources kept the scientific community and the public informed about the emergence in the Middle East of a novel disease-causing coronavirus; occurrences of illness at Yosemite National Park caused by a hantavirus; and the emergence in U.S. farm communities of a variant influenza virus (H3N2v) that spread from swine to people. The authors point to advances that have improved the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of EIDs. Rapid sequencing of whole genomes, for example, allows for swift identification of new disease agents. The complex interactions between disease-causing microbes and human hosts are being revealed through approaches that describe entire biological systems holistically (systems biology). The data from such studies can be used to inform the development of drugs or vaccines. Recent appreciation of the sometimes beneficial role of communities of microorganisms dwelling in the gut, mouth, skin and other niches has reshaped the standard notion of infectious diseases as a simple contest between virulent invading pathogens and the human immune system.

The scientists emphasize the need for sustained commitment to developing countermeasures for specific diseases and to basic research that will lead to a greater understanding of infectious diseases and human susceptibility.

ARTICLE:

DM Morens and AS Fauci. Emerging infectious diseases in 2012: 20 years after the Institute of Medicine report. mBio DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00494-12 (2012) (http://mbio.asm.org/content/3/6/e00494-12).

WHO:

NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., and David M. Morens, M.D., senior advisor to the NIAID Director are available to comment.

CONTACT:

To schedule interviews, please contact Anne A. Oplinger, (301) 402-1663, aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 2 UT Southwestern scientists honored as rising stars in Texas research
2. Drug resistant leukemia stem cells may be source of genetic chaos, Temple scientists find
3. UCLA cancer scientists identify liposarcoma tumors that respond to chemotherapy
4. To make old skin cells act young again, boost their surroundings, U-M scientists show
5. Temple scientists target DNA repair to eradicate leukemia stem cells
6. Green scientists propose safety testing system for development of new chemicals
7. Scientists discover mechanism that could reduce obesity
8. Johns Hopkins scientists pair blood test and gene sequencing to detect cancer
9. Scripps Florida scientists uncover a novel cooperative effort to stop cancer spread
10. Scientists at the Institute of Molecular Biology identify key event for sex determination
11. Scientists win funding to study new treatment for severe chronic pain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... the perfect data logger for each job, ensuring the best suited solution to ... of MadgeTech data loggers at their lab in Istanbul. , Metroloji Okulu specializes ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... American ... (Jon) Otterstatter to its board of directors. Otterstatter is co-founder, president and ... development of technological innovations that lead to broad-based healthcare solutions. , “Jon knows ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... WaterAid launched the #perioddrama campaign to mark Menstrual Hygiene Day on ... around the world who do not have access to a toilet, even when they’re on ... dread of #perioddrama. The (sometimes hilarious) results help shine a light on the awkwardness that ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Aloria Health Announces Opening of Eating ... , Aloria Health, specializing in a re-imagined, client-oriented approach to the treatment of ... treatment facility for outpatient, day treatment and residential care. Aloria Milwaukee will open ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Global Lyme ... education, today announced that it has named Scott Santarella as its new CEO. ... Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) in San Francisco, where he successfully helped to grow ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... Fellowship and Internship programs. The hands-on learning experience is ... The full-time, paid Fellowship and Internship ... . Fellows and interns are provided optional housing ... Flint at the Riverfront Residence Hall to ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... The World Health Organization (WHO) expanded the Intended ... adolescents aged 13 years, and above. Effective immediately, the PrePex ... and adolescent males in the 14 priority countries in Southern ... first male circumcision device to receive WHO Prequalification on 31 ... said: " The expanded use of PrePex ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 2016 The global  reprocessed medical ... by 2022, according to a new study by Grand ... coupled with the lack of centralized support for waste ... the demand for reprocessed medical devices market. Additionally, the ... that of the original device is the high impact ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: