Navigation Links
NIH renews research program to develop medical countermeasures against radiological, nuclear threats
Date:8/19/2010

A major research effort to develop medical products to diagnose, prevent and treat the short- and long-term consequences of radiation exposure after a radiological or nuclear terrorist attack has been renewed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIAID's Centers for Countermeasures Against Radiation (CMCR) program, first established in 2005, will support research at seven institutions nationwide. NIAID will provide five years of additional funding to the program beginning in fiscal year 2010, for an estimated total of $105 million.

"Medical countermeasures are vital to protecting the public and caring for patients in the event of a deliberate or accidental exposure to radiation," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "Such treatments also might help diminish the organ and tissue damage that occurs after radiation exposure in other settings, such as in cancer therapy."

The CMCR program, part of NIAID's larger medical countermeasures program, supports research in radiation biology as well as projects to develop diagnostic tools to measure radiation exposure and therapeutics to treat the resultant tissue injury. Each center conducts its own research projects and also supports pilot projects proposed by investigators outside the CMCR core program.

In the initial CMCR program, NIAID supported eight centers. Participating investigators developed methods and tools to measure radiation exposure. They also conducted animal model studies to evaluate potential drugs to treat radiation injury to the blood, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, skin, and the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.

"The initial program funded 130 pilot studies and attracted a number of new investigators from fields outside radiobiology research," says Narayani Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., who oversees the CMCRs at NIAID. "The CMCRs also developed educational materials in radiation biology for trainees across the United States, including a lecture series, training workshops and virtual classroom."

The next phase of the CMCR program will continue to investigate many of the most promising treatments for radiation injury. A new center at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., will be dedicated to developing techniques and devices that examine the radiation-induced physical and chemical changes in teeth, hair and fingernails. These changes could be used to diagnose radiation injury quickly and non-invasively. The new program also will continue to support pilot studies.

"The original CMCRs formed the cornerstone of NIAID's radiation and nuclear medical countermeasures program and revitalized an area of science that had been dormant for many years," says Daniel Rotrosen, M.D., director of NIAID's Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation. "The accomplishments of the centers are reflected in the large number of articles published, patents filed and non-radiobiology experts who have joined the field. We expect that the next phase will continue building upon these advances."

The following seven academic institutions and principal investigators will participate in the renewed CMCR program:

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York CityChandan Guha, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Columbia University, New York CityDavid Brenner, Ph.D.
  • Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.Harold Swartz, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Duke University, Durham, N.C.Nelson Chao, M.D.
  • University of California, Los AngelesWilliam McBride, Ph.D.
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterJoel Greenberger, M.D.
  • University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical CenterJacqueline Williams, Ph.D.


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Wu
wujuli@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cellular South Renews As Official Partner Of 2010 St. Jude Classic
2. Serendipity House Limited, the Leading Provider of Natural and Organic Products in Hong Kong, Renews Multi-year Relationship with Seventh Generation
3. Researchers challenge myth of the well-adjusted Asian-American
4. Even modest weight gain can harm blood vessels, Mayo researchers find
5. Researchers identify breast cancer culprits
6. VCU Massey research finds new link between inflammation and cancer
7. Gulf Oil Spill Still a Health Threat to Many, Researchers Report
8. Researchers identify potential new target for ovarian cancer
9. How badly does it hurt? Research examines the biomedical diagnosis of pain
10. NSF awards stem cell bio-manufacturing research and education program to Georgia Tech
11. Amphetamine use increases risk of aortic tears in young adults, UT Southwestern researchers report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... Md., and MINNETONKA, Minn. (PRWEB) , ... March ... ... the development of medical office buildings (MOBs) and other outpatient facilities, and who ... project to look exclusively at those questions, Revista and Healthcare Real Estate Insights ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Norwalk, CT (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... Valuing —on Thursday, April 20, 2017, at 1:00 PM ET. A recording of the ... of the Interactive Webinar Series. , Home health and hospice companies are still popular ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... PITTSBURGH, PA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... the eastern suburbs and South Hills of Pittsburgh now have easier access ... western Pennsylvania only by Allegheny Health Network (AHN). Orthopaedic surgeons at Forbes ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... ... VisualSP has helped over 1.5 million SharePoint users learn the content management system ... Help System for SharePoint was at the farm level. Enterprises using SharePoint Online in ... The company recently released a modified version of the Help System, VisualSP for Site ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... first technology to directly address the resolution to globally reduce the harmful use ... patented compound of FDA and TTB approved ingredients that when infused into alcohol, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... , USA, March 29, 2017 Stryker announced ... Cares by People magazine, in partnership with Great Place ... companies on the list. This list highlights the top ... succeeded in business while also demonstrating respect, compassion and ... To determine the companies on the ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... NEW YORK , March 29, 2017 FinancialBuzz.com ... Data published in ... medical cannabis market will reach a value of USD 55.8 billion by ... the United States and a more open approach ... Arkansas , Florida , North Dakota ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Outlook: 2016-2022" report to their offering. ... The global patient safety and risk ... end-user, and geography. Patient safety has become a ... field has developed significantly in the last decade and is currently ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: