Navigation Links
NIH renews research program to develop medical countermeasures against radiological, nuclear threats
Date:8/19/2010

A major research effort to develop medical products to diagnose, prevent and treat the short- and long-term consequences of radiation exposure after a radiological or nuclear terrorist attack has been renewed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIAID's Centers for Countermeasures Against Radiation (CMCR) program, first established in 2005, will support research at seven institutions nationwide. NIAID will provide five years of additional funding to the program beginning in fiscal year 2010, for an estimated total of $105 million.

"Medical countermeasures are vital to protecting the public and caring for patients in the event of a deliberate or accidental exposure to radiation," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "Such treatments also might help diminish the organ and tissue damage that occurs after radiation exposure in other settings, such as in cancer therapy."

The CMCR program, part of NIAID's larger medical countermeasures program, supports research in radiation biology as well as projects to develop diagnostic tools to measure radiation exposure and therapeutics to treat the resultant tissue injury. Each center conducts its own research projects and also supports pilot projects proposed by investigators outside the CMCR core program.

In the initial CMCR program, NIAID supported eight centers. Participating investigators developed methods and tools to measure radiation exposure. They also conducted animal model studies to evaluate potential drugs to treat radiation injury to the blood, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, skin, and the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.

"The initial program funded 130 pilot studies and attracted a number of new investigators from fields outside radiobiology research," says Narayani Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., who oversees the CMCRs at NIAID. "The CMCRs also developed educational materials in radiation biology for trainees across the United States, including a lecture series, training workshops and virtual classroom."

The next phase of the CMCR program will continue to investigate many of the most promising treatments for radiation injury. A new center at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., will be dedicated to developing techniques and devices that examine the radiation-induced physical and chemical changes in teeth, hair and fingernails. These changes could be used to diagnose radiation injury quickly and non-invasively. The new program also will continue to support pilot studies.

"The original CMCRs formed the cornerstone of NIAID's radiation and nuclear medical countermeasures program and revitalized an area of science that had been dormant for many years," says Daniel Rotrosen, M.D., director of NIAID's Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation. "The accomplishments of the centers are reflected in the large number of articles published, patents filed and non-radiobiology experts who have joined the field. We expect that the next phase will continue building upon these advances."

The following seven academic institutions and principal investigators will participate in the renewed CMCR program:

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York CityChandan Guha, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Columbia University, New York CityDavid Brenner, Ph.D.
  • Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.Harold Swartz, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Duke University, Durham, N.C.Nelson Chao, M.D.
  • University of California, Los AngelesWilliam McBride, Ph.D.
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterJoel Greenberger, M.D.
  • University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical CenterJacqueline Williams, Ph.D.


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Wu
wujuli@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cellular South Renews As Official Partner Of 2010 St. Jude Classic
2. Serendipity House Limited, the Leading Provider of Natural and Organic Products in Hong Kong, Renews Multi-year Relationship with Seventh Generation
3. Researchers challenge myth of the well-adjusted Asian-American
4. Even modest weight gain can harm blood vessels, Mayo researchers find
5. Researchers identify breast cancer culprits
6. VCU Massey research finds new link between inflammation and cancer
7. Gulf Oil Spill Still a Health Threat to Many, Researchers Report
8. Researchers identify potential new target for ovarian cancer
9. How badly does it hurt? Research examines the biomedical diagnosis of pain
10. NSF awards stem cell bio-manufacturing research and education program to Georgia Tech
11. Amphetamine use increases risk of aortic tears in young adults, UT Southwestern researchers report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Advanced Inc., a leading provider of ... Bice, CPA, MBA to serve as Advanced Inc.’s Chief Financial Officer, effective December 1, ... Jason brings extensive financial and operational leadership experience to Advanced Inc. He began his ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... The annual time frame ... (or Annual Election Period), is ending December 7th. Currently-enrolled Medicare beneficiaries who are looking ... prescription drug plan (Part D) need to make changes during this period order for ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet’s newest campaign, “Digestive Heath,” ... living proof that attitude and determination can combine into the most remarkable achievements. ... the holidays. This campaign will offer patients a new-found hope, by seizing the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet is proud to announce ... covers the innovative treatments, therapeutic technologies, and revolutionized nutrition that are helping patients ... life 6 years in the last 3 decades,” says Dr. Valentine Fuster, a ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... veterinarian diagnostic imaging systems and the first company to offer robotic ... a Heart at their tradeshow booth # 941 for the American Association of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... On Thursday, December 1st 2016, ... research, development and innovation in the biopharmaceutical industry at ... in the presence of Sergey Tsyb, Vice Minister of ... , Natalia Sanina, First Vice Chairman of the ... of Roszdravnadzor, National Service of Control in Healthcare, Sergey ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 2, 2016 bioLytical Laboratories, ein ... HIV-Selbsttest, bei den Mitgliedern des Apothekenbundes von Kenia eingeführt. ... ... INSTI HIV Self Test! (PRNewsFoto/bioLytical Laboratories) ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161201/444905 ) ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016 Lianluo Smart Limited (Nasdaq: ... which develops, markets and sells medical devices and ... and international markets, recently attended the ... New Progress Forum, co-hosted by the Institute of ... , Guangdong Provincial People,s Hospital and Cardiology Department ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: