Navigation Links
NIH renews research program to develop medical countermeasures against radiological, nuclear threats

A major research effort to develop medical products to diagnose, prevent and treat the short- and long-term consequences of radiation exposure after a radiological or nuclear terrorist attack has been renewed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIAID's Centers for Countermeasures Against Radiation (CMCR) program, first established in 2005, will support research at seven institutions nationwide. NIAID will provide five years of additional funding to the program beginning in fiscal year 2010, for an estimated total of $105 million.

"Medical countermeasures are vital to protecting the public and caring for patients in the event of a deliberate or accidental exposure to radiation," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "Such treatments also might help diminish the organ and tissue damage that occurs after radiation exposure in other settings, such as in cancer therapy."

The CMCR program, part of NIAID's larger medical countermeasures program, supports research in radiation biology as well as projects to develop diagnostic tools to measure radiation exposure and therapeutics to treat the resultant tissue injury. Each center conducts its own research projects and also supports pilot projects proposed by investigators outside the CMCR core program.

In the initial CMCR program, NIAID supported eight centers. Participating investigators developed methods and tools to measure radiation exposure. They also conducted animal model studies to evaluate potential drugs to treat radiation injury to the blood, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, skin, and the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.

"The initial program funded 130 pilot studies and attracted a number of new investigators from fields outside radiobiology research," says Narayani Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., who oversees the CMCRs at NIAID. "The CMCRs also developed educational materials in radiation biology for trainees across the United States, including a lecture series, training workshops and virtual classroom."

The next phase of the CMCR program will continue to investigate many of the most promising treatments for radiation injury. A new center at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., will be dedicated to developing techniques and devices that examine the radiation-induced physical and chemical changes in teeth, hair and fingernails. These changes could be used to diagnose radiation injury quickly and non-invasively. The new program also will continue to support pilot studies.

"The original CMCRs formed the cornerstone of NIAID's radiation and nuclear medical countermeasures program and revitalized an area of science that had been dormant for many years," says Daniel Rotrosen, M.D., director of NIAID's Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation. "The accomplishments of the centers are reflected in the large number of articles published, patents filed and non-radiobiology experts who have joined the field. We expect that the next phase will continue building upon these advances."

The following seven academic institutions and principal investigators will participate in the renewed CMCR program:

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York CityChandan Guha, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Columbia University, New York CityDavid Brenner, Ph.D.
  • Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.Harold Swartz, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Duke University, Durham, N.C.Nelson Chao, M.D.
  • University of California, Los AngelesWilliam McBride, Ph.D.
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterJoel Greenberger, M.D.
  • University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical CenterJacqueline Williams, Ph.D.


Contact: Julie Wu
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Related medicine news :

1. Cellular South Renews As Official Partner Of 2010 St. Jude Classic
2. Serendipity House Limited, the Leading Provider of Natural and Organic Products in Hong Kong, Renews Multi-year Relationship with Seventh Generation
3. Researchers challenge myth of the well-adjusted Asian-American
4. Even modest weight gain can harm blood vessels, Mayo researchers find
5. Researchers identify breast cancer culprits
6. VCU Massey research finds new link between inflammation and cancer
7. Gulf Oil Spill Still a Health Threat to Many, Researchers Report
8. Researchers identify potential new target for ovarian cancer
9. How badly does it hurt? Research examines the biomedical diagnosis of pain
10. NSF awards stem cell bio-manufacturing research and education program to Georgia Tech
11. Amphetamine use increases risk of aortic tears in young adults, UT Southwestern researchers report
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl ... this week that explains one of the most popular and least understood books in ... like cryptic and puzzling descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... First Healthcare Compliance (FHC), an industry leader ... range of technology and learning solutions at the 68th Annual American Healthcare Association ... held October 14–18, 2017 at the Mandalay Bay Resort in Las Vegas, Nevada. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... The American College ... to Carol Friedman, PhD, FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s Annual Symposium in ... , In honor of Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the field of medical ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of their peers in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International ... Ph.D ., Vice President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra Chief ... advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians at ... of Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to educate ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... COUNTY, Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA ... Mobile  — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy ... to transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement ... Innovative Design ... ZeroWire Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017  South Korean-based healthcare ... CPR training aide "cprCUBE" on Kickstarter. The device will ... during cardiac arrests with better efficiency compared to the ... offers real-time feedback on efficacy of the compression for ... campaign has a goal to raise $5,000. ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company ... results for the third quarter of 2017 on Tuesday, ... call on that day with the investment community and ... The conference call will begin at 9 a.m. ... access a live webcast of the conference call through ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: