Navigation Links
NIH renews research program to develop medical countermeasures against radiological, nuclear threats
Date:8/19/2010

A major research effort to develop medical products to diagnose, prevent and treat the short- and long-term consequences of radiation exposure after a radiological or nuclear terrorist attack has been renewed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIAID's Centers for Countermeasures Against Radiation (CMCR) program, first established in 2005, will support research at seven institutions nationwide. NIAID will provide five years of additional funding to the program beginning in fiscal year 2010, for an estimated total of $105 million.

"Medical countermeasures are vital to protecting the public and caring for patients in the event of a deliberate or accidental exposure to radiation," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "Such treatments also might help diminish the organ and tissue damage that occurs after radiation exposure in other settings, such as in cancer therapy."

The CMCR program, part of NIAID's larger medical countermeasures program, supports research in radiation biology as well as projects to develop diagnostic tools to measure radiation exposure and therapeutics to treat the resultant tissue injury. Each center conducts its own research projects and also supports pilot projects proposed by investigators outside the CMCR core program.

In the initial CMCR program, NIAID supported eight centers. Participating investigators developed methods and tools to measure radiation exposure. They also conducted animal model studies to evaluate potential drugs to treat radiation injury to the blood, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, kidneys, skin, and the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.

"The initial program funded 130 pilot studies and attracted a number of new investigators from fields outside radiobiology research," says Narayani Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., who oversees the CMCRs at NIAID. "The CMCRs also developed educational materials in radiation biology for trainees across the United States, including a lecture series, training workshops and virtual classroom."

The next phase of the CMCR program will continue to investigate many of the most promising treatments for radiation injury. A new center at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., will be dedicated to developing techniques and devices that examine the radiation-induced physical and chemical changes in teeth, hair and fingernails. These changes could be used to diagnose radiation injury quickly and non-invasively. The new program also will continue to support pilot studies.

"The original CMCRs formed the cornerstone of NIAID's radiation and nuclear medical countermeasures program and revitalized an area of science that had been dormant for many years," says Daniel Rotrosen, M.D., director of NIAID's Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation. "The accomplishments of the centers are reflected in the large number of articles published, patents filed and non-radiobiology experts who have joined the field. We expect that the next phase will continue building upon these advances."

The following seven academic institutions and principal investigators will participate in the renewed CMCR program:

  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York CityChandan Guha, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Columbia University, New York CityDavid Brenner, Ph.D.
  • Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.Harold Swartz, M.D., Ph.D.
  • Duke University, Durham, N.C.Nelson Chao, M.D.
  • University of California, Los AngelesWilliam McBride, Ph.D.
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterJoel Greenberger, M.D.
  • University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical CenterJacqueline Williams, Ph.D.


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Wu
wujuli@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cellular South Renews As Official Partner Of 2010 St. Jude Classic
2. Serendipity House Limited, the Leading Provider of Natural and Organic Products in Hong Kong, Renews Multi-year Relationship with Seventh Generation
3. Researchers challenge myth of the well-adjusted Asian-American
4. Even modest weight gain can harm blood vessels, Mayo researchers find
5. Researchers identify breast cancer culprits
6. VCU Massey research finds new link between inflammation and cancer
7. Gulf Oil Spill Still a Health Threat to Many, Researchers Report
8. Researchers identify potential new target for ovarian cancer
9. How badly does it hurt? Research examines the biomedical diagnosis of pain
10. NSF awards stem cell bio-manufacturing research and education program to Georgia Tech
11. Amphetamine use increases risk of aortic tears in young adults, UT Southwestern researchers report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... 5,000 SF expansion and facility enhancement of their 503A compounding pharmacy located in ... the growing demand of physicians and patients throughout the United States for high-quality ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... for tech innovators, engineers, and scientists from around the world, announces the launch ... users a quick and easy portal to research breakthroughs and trending news, vital ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Cosmetic Town, an online plastic surgery ... order to make it easier for their readers to get the information they desire. ... as well as the techniques used on those particular areas. , “We are excited ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... dermatologist by the American Board of Dermatology and fellowship trained Mohs and cosmetic ... National Institutes of Health, Dr. Li completed his internship in internal medicine at ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... a doctor who administered fillers that resulted in severe facial disfiguration. After four ... taken on by doctors at UCLA Medical Center, who removed the substances in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Types, OTC Amplifiers, Diagnostic Instruments), Sales Volume, Company Analysis and ... ... Market Sales Volume, Company Analysis and Forecast to 2022 provides ... The growing prevalence of hearing impairment coupled with ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... BUFFALO, N.Y. , Jan. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... health programs, has announced the launch of an ... to new guidelines on opioids and helps stem ... Opioids are often prescribed to treat chronic non-cancer ... disease) despite serious risks and lack of evidence ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 ... Summary GlobalData,s new report, "Germany Cataract Surgery Devices ... the Germany Cataract Surgery Devices market. The report provides ... and average prices (USD) within market segements - Phacoemulsification ... also provides company shares and distribution shares data for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: