Navigation Links
NIH-funded scientists describe genesis, evolution of H7N9 influenza virus


An international team of influenza researchers in China, the United Kingdom and the United States has used genetic sequencing to trace the source and evolution of the avian H7N9 influenza virus that emerged in humans in China earlier this year. The study, published today in Nature, was supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a component of the National Institutes of Health, and other organizations.

Working in three Chinese provinces, researchers led by Yi Guan, Ph.D., of the University of Hong Kong collected samples from the throats and digestive tracts of chickens, ducks, geese, pigeons and quail. Fecal and water samples from live poultry markets and the natural environment were also collected. From these samples, the researchers isolated several influenza viruses and genetically sequenced those of the H7N9 subtype as well as related H7N7 and H9N2 viruses. These sequences were compared with archived sequences of the same subtypes isolated in southern China between 2000 and 2013. The researchers compared the differences between the two sets of sequences to reconstruct how the H7N9 virus evolved through various species of birds and to determine the origin of genes.

According to their analysis, domestic ducks and chickens played distinct roles in the genesis of the H7N9 virus infecting humans today. Within ducks, and later within chickens, various strains of avian H7N9, H7N7 and H9N2 influenza exchanged genes with one another in different combinations. The resulting H7N9 virus began causing outbreaks among chickens in live poultry markets, from which many humans became infected. Given these results, the authors write, continued surveillance of influenza viruses in birds remains essential.


Contact: Nalini Padmanabhan
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. NIH-funded researchers begin trial of Shigella vaccine candidates
2. Better stroke care, everywhere: NIH-funded study boosts local hospitals clotbuster use
3. NIH-funded trial launched to assess experimental TB drug
4. NIH-funded analysis estimates effective PrEP dosing
5. NIH-funded study finds high HIV infection rates among gay and bisexual black men in the US
6. American Scientists Attempt to Sequence John Lennon's Genetic Code from the Beatle's Tooth
7. Harvard Scientists Commend Erchonia for Excellence in Clinical Research for the Zerona Laser
8. Is There a Science to Hiring? Demand for Scientists Grows 6%
9. UCLA and Chinese scientists analyze genetic makeup of human and mouse embryos in amazing detail
10. The Sergeant Sullivan Center Calls on Veterans, Advocates, Scientists, and Military Families to Provide Commentary on the VA Proposed Open Burn Pit Registry Questionnaire
11. Injecting iron supplement lets Stanford scientists track transplanted stem cells
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... Rouge, LA (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... in the United States District Court of Connecticut on behalf of a home health ... behalf of all current or former home health care workers employed by Humana, Inc., ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to become more proficient on ... Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses will be held on ... co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. D’Orazio are proud to ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... On November 23rd 2015 Cozy Products, a division ... business. Cozy Products explains what this means for business moving forward. , The Tri ... Products business model: to sell personal heaters that reduce energy consumption, are economical and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Evanston, IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... homage to six decades of music, friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary ... be held Dec. 5-6. , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Missouri (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... HEAL, will provide scholarships for people struggling with eating disorders as a result ... from the second annual event, held at Fox Run Golf Club in Eureka, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 AAIPharma ... planned investment of at least $15.8  Million to ... Wilmington, NC . The expansion will ... to meet the growing demands of the pharmaceutical ... site expansion will provide up to 40,000 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... -- Henry Schein, Inc., the world,s largest provider of health ... animal health practitioners, will unveil at the Greater New ... Pavilion , which brings together for the first time ... help any practice or laboratory enter the digital age. ... of experts appearing at the Pavilion. --> ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), ... Chief Executive Officer Antonius Schuh, Ph.D., is scheduled to ... Annual Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference. th ... Palace Hotel in New York ... Mr. Schuh will be available for one-on-one meetings during ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: