Navigation Links
NIH awards $2.7-million grant to Kent State to study cognitive impairment in heart failure patients
Date:5/6/2010

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a $2.7-million grant to Kent State University for a collaborative research project with Case Western Reserve University School of Nursing, Summa Health System in Akron and University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland to study cognitive impairment in heart failure patients. The four-year grant from NIH's National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute runs through Jan. 31, 2014.

The goal of the study is to improve patient health and reduce medical system costs by understanding why heart failure patients have trouble managing their complex medical regimen. An important public health issue, there are five million heart failure patients in the United States with $43 billion spent in health care costs for these patients. Heart failure is also the largest category of hospital admittance among those on Medicare.

"When people have heart failure, they often have some level of cognition impairment," explained Dr. Joel Hughes, associate professor of psychology at Kent State and co-principal investigator of the grant. "By cognitive impairment, we mean that a patient's memory may not be as good as it used to be, they have more difficulty sustaining attention, or they cannot make decisions as quickly. These impairments are not as extreme as dementia or Alzheimer's, but executive functions, like those you make when driving a car, may have been adversely affected."

Little is known about how the cognitive status of heart failure patients affects management of their illness. "We know there's impairment," Hughes said. "If you have a mild cognitive impairment, we think it's harder to manage your illness, but there is no clear evidence of this."

The study, which is called "The Heart ABC Study: Adherence, Behavior and Cognition," aims to evaluate how cognitive abilities in heart failure patients relate to self-management behaviors. A mild cognitive impairment can affect a heart failure patient's ability to remember to take their medications, for example.

"This study will have important practical implications because we will be able to identify which types of cognitive impairment are related to specific problems in self-management to better target how to help these people learn to manage their own illness," said Dr. Mary Dolansky, assistant professor of nursing at Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing and co-principal investigator of the grant.

"Patient self-management is the concept that chronic diseases can be very complex to manage by yourself," Hughes said. "You have to take your medication, limit your sodium intake, be able to weigh yourself each day, be able to recognize when something changes, and know what to do about it. It is up to the patient to manage themselves. How well you manage your disease affects how well you are going to be."

The grant-funded research brings together experts in medicine, nursing and psychology to take an interdisciplinary approach at studying cognitive impairment and self-management in heart failure patients. Kent State will work with Summa's Akron City Hospital, while Case Western Reserve University will work with University Hospitals. Each site will recruit 200 patients, representing a broad mix of people between the ages of 50 and 85 years old in the Cleveland and Akron areas.

Hughes said this is "a collaboration in the best sense" involving himself, an expert in health psychology; Kent State's Dr. John Gunstad, a neuropsychologist; Dolansky, an expert in patient self-management; Shirley Moore, a professor and associate dean of research and director of the Self-Management Research Center at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing; and well-known cardiologists Dr. Joseph Redle of Summa and Drs. James Fang and Richard Josephson, both of Case/University Hospitals of Cleveland.

The study participants will be assessed and monitored. Daily electronic monitoring will be conducted the first month, examining the patient's weight, which medications were taken and when, and their sodium intake. Afterward, the participants will receive monthly calls from the researchers for updates and their use of health services.

Prevention is important among heart failure patients. "If we help people with heart failure stay out of the hospital and stay healthy, we can help reduce chronic illness in society," Hughes said.

The NIH grant also demonstrates the strength of Kent State's Department of Psychology. "This is a large grant for our department, and it builds a clear strength in health psychology and chronic health disease," said Hughes, who has been with the university for seven years. "We now have more than $5 million in current funding in the area of heart failure. It's also a very satisfying accomplishment for me personally, as this is a great step toward becoming an established investigator."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joel Hughes
jhughes1@kent.edu
330-672-7721
Kent State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards $10 million to Rush University Medical Center to address health disparities
2. ASGE and ASGE Foundation hold Crystal Awards dinner at Digestive Disease Week
3. ABBY Winners Announced & Honored with 2010 Innovations in Healthcare(SM) Awards
4. 25 US Organizations Receive Annual Diversity Council Honors Awards During Reception in Atlanta
5. Dr. Khanna at the 20th Annual GLAAD Awards
6. Memorable 25th Anniversary EAU Congress in Barcelona ends with awards
7. OxySure Systems, Inc. Named Tech Fort Worth IMPACT Awards Finalist
8. Phoseon Technology Selected as Finalist for 2010 TechAmerica Oregon Technology Awards
9. Army Awards Remote Medical Coding Contract to DOMA Technologies
10. rAVe Publications Awards HyperSign "Most Innovative New Digital Signage Solution"
11. ROBRADY Design's Work with Xhale Innovations Inc. Wins 2010 Medical Design Excellence Awards
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
NIH awards $2.7-million grant to Kent State to study cognitive impairment in heart failure patients
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office ... of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office ... forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual ... in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon ... fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the loss of ... William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ten grandchildren, ... Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, he spent ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of ... innovative new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support ... your pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... HMP , a leader in healthcare events and education, today announced that ... for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during the Eddie & Ozzie Awards ... recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range of sectors. This year’s program included ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/25/2017)... --  Montrium , an industry leader in powerful ... Trial Master Files & Inspection Readiness Conference ( ... Services has selected eTMF Connect to ... a leading European contract research organization (CRO), will ... enable greater collaboration with sponsors, improve compliance and ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... Md. , Sept. 22, 2017  As the ... Republican Senators Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and ... Information notes that the medical device industry is in ... medical device tax, the 2.3% excise tax on medical ... But they also want covered patients, increased visits and ...
(Date:9/19/2017)...   ZirMed Inc ., a recognized leader in cloud-based ... has been ranked #1 by its users for the seventh ... User Survey. ZirMed was recognized as the top-ranked end-to-end revenue ... centers over 200 beds and holds one of the longest ... history. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: