The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has published several new resources to help people learn more about urologic and kidney disorders. These disorders are among the most critical health problems in the United States, affecting millions of Americans, including children and young adults. The publications address interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS), urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children, prostatitis, IgA nephropathy, and home hemodialysis.
What I need to know about Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome. People with IC/PBS usually have pain when the bladder fills and empties. Although the pain might disappear for weeks or even months, it then returns. Finding a proper diagnosis for IC/PBS can be frustrating because symptoms can resemble those of other conditions. The NIDDK's booklet helps people understand the difference between IC/PBS and other sources of bladder pain. The resource also explains the tests and treatments for IC/PBS, including bladder retraining, physical therapy, physical activity, stress reduction, medication, bladder stretching, nerve stimulation, and surgery. For an online version of this booklet, go to www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/interstitialcystitis_ez.
What I need to know about My Child's Urinary Tract Infection. UTIs affect about 3 percent of children in the United States annually. Throughout childhood, the risk of having a UTI is 2 percent for boys and 8 percent for girls. UTIs account for more than 1 million visits to pediatricians' offices each year. This easy-to-read booklet explains the symptoms of UTIs, how doctors diagnose and treat them, and how to prevent them. Symptoms of UTIs are not always obvious to parents, and younger children are usually unable to describe how they feel. However, recognizing and treating UTIs are important because lack of treatment can lead to serious and even life-threatening kidney problems. What I need to know about My Child's Urinary Tract Infection is available online at www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/utichildren_ez.
Prostatitis: Disorders of the Prostate. This fact sheet describes the four types of prostatitis: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Prostatitis, or inflammation of the prostate, is an often painful condition that affects mostly young and middle-aged men. Symptoms which include painful or burning urination and incomplete bladder emptying can vary or mimic signs of other illnesses, making diagnosis difficult. The fact sheet also explains how doctors diagnose and treat prostatitis. An online version of the fact sheet is available at www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/prostatitis.
IgA Nephropathy. This fact sheet explains IgA nephropathy, a kidney disorder that occurs when IgA, a protein that fights infection, settles in the kidneys. Over time, IgA deposits can cause the kidneys to leak blood and sometimes protein into urine. Kidney damage, and even kidney failure, can eventually result. The fact sheet also describes the risk factors, signs, causes, diagnosis, and available treatment for the condition. For an online copy of the fact sheet, go to www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/iganephropathy.
Home Hemodialysis. In addition to standard hemodialysis treatment which involves going to a clinic three times a week for care a growing number of hemodialysis clinics have begun to offer treatment at home. Hemodialysis is a life-preserving treatment for hundreds of thousands of Americans with kidney failure. But standard treatment can be taxing and inconvenient for people with kidney failure. This fact sheet explains what is involved in receiving hemodialysis treatment at home, including the risks, advantages, and obstacles. Home Hemodialysis is available at www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/homehemodialysis.
|Contact: Mary M. Harris|
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases