Navigation Links
Music to a gambler's ears
Date:7/2/2013

Winning sounds on slot machines make gambling more exciting, according to a new study by Mike Dixon and colleagues from the University of Waterloo in Canada. Moreover, their work shows that sounds also cause players to overestimate the number of times they won while playing on slot machines. The study is published online in Springer's Journal of Gambling Studies.

Sound has always been an integral part of the slot machine playing experience. Since the early 1900s, players have been rewarded with a ringing bell every time they have a winning combination. Today's slot machines average about 400 sound effects.

Modern slot machines allow players to wager on multiple lines. When they spin and lose, the machine goes quiet. When they spin and win more than their wager, they hear a celebratory song. Interestingly, when they spin and win back less than their wager (bet $1.00 and win back 20 cents) they still hear the celebratory songs despite the fact that overall they lost money on these spins. Dixon and colleagues sought to see if these celebratory sounds could hide the fact that players were losing money on these so-called 'losses disguised as wins.'

Dixon and team measured gamblers' physiological responses to various slot machine game outcomes wins, losses and losses disguised as wins with and without sound during play. During slot machine play, palms may sweat, which increases skin conductance - a measure of arousal.

A total of 96 gamblers played two sessions on a slot machine simulator. In one session, both wins and 'losses disguised as wins' were accompanied by rolling sounds and celebratory winning jingles, as well as visual feedback. In a second session, the sounds were turned off and players only received visual feedback. The researchers measured the participants' skin conductance and heart rate responses to the various outcomes. At the end of play, the gamblers were asked which session they preferred and why. They also estimated how many spins they had won back more than they wagered.

Sound influenced the overall levels of arousal of players. Skin conductance responses were significantly greater in the session with sound than in the session without sound. Players also rated the noisy session as more arousing than the quiet session. The majority of players preferred the playing session where wins were accompanied by sounds, which suggests that not only do sounds make playing more exciting, players enjoy this extra level of excitement.

Sounds also contributed to players overestimating their number of wins. While this overestimation occurred both in the quiet and noisy sessions, it was significantly higher in the session with sound 24 percent versus 15 percent in the session without sound. The authors suggest that sounds may be an integral part of 'the disguise' in losses disguised as wins, causing players to think that they have won more often during a playtime session than they actually have.

The authors conclude: "Although sounds may have contributed to players' enjoyment of the game, sound may also lead to an overestimation of winning. Both of these effects may contribute to gambling problems, such as misbeliefs about the true chances of winning, and persistence that some players experience when playing slot machines."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Sexual objectification of female artists in music videos exists regardless of race, MU study finds
2. Teens Love of Loud Music Tied to Drinking, Drug Abuse
3. NJIT designer creates an ergonomic chair for musicians
4. Raucous Music May Tap Into Your Inner Animal
5. 'Music Makes It Better' Campaign Launches with Justin Bieber, Victoria Justice, and The Band Perry
6. Device converting images into music helps individuals without vision reach for objects in space
7. Musical glove improves sensation, mobility for people with spinal cord injury
8. Musicians Brains Might Have an Edge on Aging
9. Childhood Music Lessons May Create Better Listeners
10. Diners Eat Less When Restaurant Has Soft Lighting, Music
11. Theory: Music underlies language acquisition
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... services to their communities, 16 more public health departments have been awarded national ... bring another 4.5 million people into the expanding network of communities across the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The IoT (Internet of Things) is revolutionizing the way ... impact on businesses and individual consumers alike. Laboratories can maximize their profit margin ... anywhere from $4 trillion to $11 trillion dollars by the year 2025. McKinsey expects ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... businesses of the Norwalk and Vermillion areas, celebrates the newest charity campaign ... a nonprofit, community-based substance abuse prevention and peer recovery support organization providing ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The StayWell Company announced today that ... covers StayWell’s asthma, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ... excellent programs for the delivery and improvement of disease management and that meet ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... The TouchPoint Solution, home of Buzzies ... stress and anxiety. , “Buzzies change the way we interact with stress and ... , Since its launch date in December 2016, The TouchPoint Solution has sold more ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Mirabilis Medical, a ... medical technology for non-invasive surgery, announced today CE ... for treatment of uterine fibroids throughout the European ... received approval from the US Food and Drug ... Mirabilis System in the United States.  The Mirabilis ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017 ... to develop sutezolid as effective response to infectious disease ... Alliance and the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) announced a ... antibiotic drug candidate which demonstrated encouraging results in early ... in combination with other TB drugs and follows the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Cryostat Market ... the next decade to reach approximately $3.5 billion by 2025. ... all the given segments on global as well as regional levels ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: