Navigation Links
Music may improve feeding, reduce pain in premature babies: U of A study
Date:5/29/2009

As long as there have been babies, adults have crooned lullabies to soothe them. But research suggests music might also help premature infants learn to suckle better and reduce their pain.

If confirmed, this would be a simple, low-cost way to help these tiny babies feed on their own faster and move them out of neonatal units sooner, says Dr. Manoj Kumar, an assistant clinical professor in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry's Department of Pediatrics. "If you can get them to feed earlier then you can save health-care resources," Kumar says.

Music also appears to reduce infants' pain during circumcision and some medical procedures, he says.

Music is increasingly being played in neonatal units on an informal basis because parents and caregivers have a perception that it's beneficial for the infants.

Kumar, a clinical epidemiologist who also has training in health economics and several of his colleagues associated with the Alberta Research Centre for Child Health Evidence (ARCHE) in the Pediatrics Department decided to conduct a rigorous, systematic review of medical literature to see what research has shown.

The results of their review are being published online ahead of print on May 28, 2009, in the London-based journal Archives of Disease in Childhood, Fetal and Neonatal Edition.

Of 180 studies the U of A team examined, nine randomly controlled trials published between 1989 and 2006 met the review criteria and were included.

These nine studies were all so different that the review team says it was not possible to reach any definitive conclusion. But the team did find much "preliminary evidence that music may have beneficial effects in terms of physiological parameters, behavioural states and pain reduction during painful medical procedures."

"Music may also improve oral feeding among premature infants," the U of A authors say.

In particular, Kumar notes one 2003 U.S. study reported that feeding rates increased significantly with use of a pacifier-activated lullaby (PAL) system in preterm infants who previously were having difficulty in making the transition to oral feeding. This result warrants further investigation, given its potential implications for health-care budgets, he says.

The PAL system consisted of a soother connected to a pressure transducer which was further connected to a tape recorder. When the baby sucked on the soother, the pressure activated recorded lullabies.

Another high-quality pilot study, conducted in the U.S. in 2001, looked at whether music could help with pain control during circumcision. It found that playing recorded lullabies and nursery rhymes lowered pain levels as measured by the babies' heart rate and oxygen saturation, and according to established pain scales that measure infants' behavioural responses.

However, the U of A review noted most trials that have been conducted to date are small in size and methodological quality is poor in many of them. It would be worthwhile for more research to be done in this area, the article says.

"Additional methodologically rigorous, randomised controlled trials are warranted to confirm and to further elucidate the benefits of music for neonates before any specific recommendation for the use of music can be made in the neonatal population," state the authors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jo-anne Nugent
jo-anne.nugent@ualberta.ca
780-492-9651
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Music May Temper Pain in Preemies
2. ALS Musician Composes CD with One Finger
3. 6 Top Stars From Acting, Music and Politics Go Home With You for Mothers Day
4. Tessa, of Dancercise Kids, Wins the National Parenting Centers Seal of Approval for New Childrens Music CD
5. Celebrities, Horses, Music and History Will Unite for 2009 Fiesta of the Spanish Horse Cancer Research Benefit
6. Brain Balance(TM) Centers Picks Adam Kluger Public Relations (AKPR) to Help Promote New Book and Atlanta Event to Raise Awareness About Revolutionary New Way to Treat Learning Disorders; Atlantic Recording Artist/Country Music Star Zac Brown and Dr. Rober
7. Music Can Help Restore Stroke Patients Sight
8. Project Hangin Out With My Baby Launches National Childrens Music Giveaway Campaign at California Hospital Medical Center in Los Angeles
9. Emotions of Music Touch Universal Chord
10. Photo: ZonePerfect(R) Nutrition Bars Launches Nationwide Tour With VH1 Save The Music Foundation to Nourish Arts, Americas Schools
11. Musicians Brain Waves Are Also in Tune
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... ... on April 4th, 2016 questioned the use of the HyProCure sinus tarsi ... “a controversial procedure.” EOTTS-HyProCure is a minimally invasive procedure performed, when indicated, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 ... ... manufacturer and engineer of patented products, announces the Pick Up Springboard, an automotive ... SUV and Light Truck Manufacturing industry is worth $162 billion," says Scott Cooper, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Since launching its annual volunteer campaign on ... footwear industry, has broken all previous participation records in its first two weeks ... during the months of April and May, the 2016 Footwear Cares initiative is ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Our bodies ... effective way to confront and deal with these stressors is to adopt a more ... be good for you. Risa Groux, a certified Holistic Nutritionist and the creator of ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. Bernie Siegel, ... seller "LOVE, MEDICINE and MIRACLES") addresses touchy topics related to Death live on ... . Dr. Bernie Siegel, author of a plethora of essential books-to-read for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... COUNTY, Calif. , April 29, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... industry is projected to shift from systems dependent ... replace all types of modality CRT Medical monitors ... Although there are a host of foreseeable benefits ... serious concern; will existing modalities have to be ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Review, H1 2016" market research report that provides ... with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment ... of administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with ... It also reviews key players involved in the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... 29, 2016 Acquisition Expands ... Product Development Capabilities in North America ... . Indegene ( http://www.indegene.com ), ... acquisition of Skura Corporation,s life science business. Skura,s ... sales enablement technology for life science organizations and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: