Navigation Links
Multiple skin cancer risk behaviors are common among US adults

Whether youre basking on the beach during vacation, coasting down glittering white snow on a weekend ski trip, or simply walking the dog or running errands, sunlights ultraviolet rays can damage your skin year-round. Yet a new study by behavioral researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center shows that most American adults engage in multiple behaviors that boost their risk of skin cancer by increasing their exposure to UV rays.

These behaviors include infrequent use of sun-protective clothing; staying outside in the sun rather than seeking shade; infrequent use of sunscreen with a sun-protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more; indoor tanning with a sunlamp or tanning bed within the past year; and getting sunburned within the past year.

Collectively, skin cancer of all types is the most common cancer in the United States and the incidence has increased over the past three decades. During 2007, an estimated 1.1 million Americans received a diagnosis of basal- or squamous-cell skin cancer or the more invasive, potentially lethal melanoma, according to the American Cancer Society.

Heredity plays an important role in skin cancer. For example, a typical portrait of someone at risk of skin cancer would show a natural blonde or redhead with very fair skin that freckles and burns more easily than it tans. Melanoma, in particular, is known to run in certain families.

However, overexposure to ultraviolet lightsomething controlled by behavioris a major factor in increased skin cancer risk, noted Fox Chase psychologist Elliot Coups, Ph.D., an assistant member in the psycho-oncology program at Fox Chase and lead author of the new study. The report appears Jan. 8 in the online edition of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine and in the February 2008 issue of the print edition.

The Fox Chase researchers found that younger adults were particularly likely to engage in multiple behaviors that increase skin cancer risk. Men, Caucasians, smokers, persons who consume high levels of alcohol and persons who report having skin that is not especially sensitive to the sun were also more likely to engage in behaviors that placed them at increased skin cancer risk.

Descriptive information about the prevalence of multiple skin cancer risk behaviors and related factors such as age may inform the development of targeted protective strategies for specific high-risk groups, Coups said.

Since the UV damage to the skin is cumulative, lack of protection by young people is likely to drive a continued increase in skin cancers as these generations grow older over the next decades, noted Stuart R. Lessin, M.D., director of dermatology at Fox Chase. This new research on behavior relating to skin cancer risk may help us target the highest-risk groups with educational messages tailored for them.

Ultraviolet radiation exposure is the most important modifiable risk factor for all types of skin cancer, Coups said. Wearing protective clothing like a wide-brimmed hat, avoiding sun exposure during the middle of the day, when rays are strongest, seeking shade, using sunscreen and avoiding indoor tanning have all been recommended by various agencies, but all available data suggest that the majority of American adults dont follow this advice and instead have high rates of UV exposure and sunburns.

A comprehensive approach to skin cancer prevention requires attention to multiple skin cancer risk behaviors that are common in the U.S. population, Coups and his fellow authors concluded.

Although previous research had suggested that individuals had multiple risk-increasing behaviors, the current study is the first comprehensive analysis of the prevalence and correlates of multiple behavioral risks for skin cancer among U.S. adults. Correlates examined in this study include geographic location; demographic factors such as age, gender and education; health-care access; behavioral health risks such as smoking; family history of melanoma; perceived cancer risk; skin sensitivity to the sun; and having total skin exams.

Data for the study came from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey, an annual representative U.S. health survey in which 31,428 individuals participated. The researchers excluded individuals who had already had skin cancer or whose questionnaires contained missing data in key areas of the study, resulting in a study sample of 28,235 individuals.


Contact: Karen Mallet
Fox Chase Cancer Center

Related medicine news :

1. DNA vaccine against multiple sclerosis appears safe, potentially beneficial
2. New MRI finding sheds light on multiple sclerosis disease progressio
3. Genomic Health Announces Multiple Studies on Oncotype DX(TM) Presented at 2007 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Breast Cancer Symposium
4. Emory researchers identify signaling protein for multiple myeloma
5. Study suggests brain tumors need treatment with multiple targeted drugs
6. Gene profiling can single out the worst cases of multiple myeloma and guide therapy
7. Cell-surface sugar defects may trigger nerve damage in multiple sclerosis patients
8. Multiple corticosteroid injections in pregnant women may increase cerebral palsy
9. Multiple Sclerosis Patients Find Dietary Treatment More Effective Than Pharmaceutical Regimens
10. IVF technique enables pregnancy without multiple births, Stanford researchers find
11. Ingenious Med Forms Multiple Billing Company Partnerships to Market Inpatient Practice Management Solutions
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... As part of a global movement to ... together who want to combine talents and resources to help create sustainable communities ... The non-profit launched its first major fundraiser on November 6, 2015 at Bent ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... NV (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dr. ... patients to learn more about hair loss treatment with the Capillus272™ Pro laser therapy ... effective solution for thicker and fuller hair, without the need for surgery, prescription pills, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... people across the country to celebrate their sobriety and show through pictures what ... “before and after” photos this Thanksgiving with the hashtag #FacesOfGratitude on their Facebook, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 23rd 2015 Cozy ... personal heating products business. Cozy Products explains what this means for business moving ... well with the Cozy Products business model: to sell personal heaters that reduce energy ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... In an ongoing Clinical Study conducted by ... Chicago, IL, UV Angel is evaluating the efficacy of its product and its disinfection ... (totaling 30 beds) from May 2014 through October 2015 at a 360-bed, acute-care, academic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nederland, November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> Een nieuwe aanpak combineert immunotherapie ... gevorderde kanker. ) ... -->      (Photo: ... het Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum (LUMC) ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... the addition of the "2016 Future ... Drugs of Abuse Testing Market: Supplier Shares, ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ... the European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) ... Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report to ... ) has announced the addition of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: