Navigation Links
Multiple Head Injuries Raise Soldiers' Suicide Risk, Study Finds

WEDNESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- Military service members who sustain more than one mild traumatic brain injury may be at much greater risk of suicide, according to a new study.

Researchers at the University of Utah found that the risk for suicidal thoughts or behaviors increased for a lifetime, not just short-term, among those with multiple head injuries.

"Up to now, no one has been able to say if multiple [traumatic brain injuries], which are common among combat veterans, are associated with higher suicide risk," study author Craig Bryan, an assistant professor of psychology, said in a university news release. "This study suggests they are, and it provides valuable information for professionals treating wounded combat servicemen and servicewomen to help manage the risk of suicide."

A traumatic brain injury is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts brain function, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Although these injuries can range from mild to severe, most are mild.

The study, published online May 15 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, involved 161 patients who suffered a possible traumatic brain injury while on duty in Iraq over the course of six months. The patients were mostly men with an average age of 27 and more than six years of military service. They were treated at an outpatient traumatic brain injury clinic at a combat support hospital.

Traumatic brain injury was assessed, and the service members were divided into three groups based on the number of injuries sustained during their lifetime: none, one and two or more.

"An important feature of the study is that by being on the ground in Iraq, we were able to compile a unique data set on active military personnel and head injuries," said Bryan, who also is associate director of the university's National Center for Veterans Studies. "We collected data on a large number of service members within two days of impact."

The patients also were surveyed about their symptoms of depression, post-traumatic stress syndrome, concussions and suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

One in five patients who had sustained two or more traumatic brain injuries reported suicidal thoughts or preoccupation with suicide at some point in their past, the study revealed.

Of those who suffered one traumatic brain injury, 6.9 percent reported having suicidal thoughts. None of the participants without a traumatic brain injury had such thoughts.

Of the patients with two or more traumatic brain injuries, 12 percent had suicidal thoughts during the past year. In contrast, 3.4 percent of those with one brain injury had suicidal thoughts.

The study also showed that multiple traumatic brain injuries were associated with a significant increase in depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severity of concussive symptoms. But only the increase in depression severity predicted an increased risk for suicide, the researchers said.

"That head injury and resulting psychological effects increase the risk of suicide is not new," Bryan said. "But knowing that repetitive [traumatic brain injuries] may make patients even more vulnerable provides new insight for tending to military personnel over the long-term, particularly when they are experiencing added emotional distress in their lives."

The researchers said more extensive research involving larger groups of people is needed to confirm the results, since the study found only an association between brain injuries and suicide risk in military personnel and did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among U.S. military personnel.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides more information on brain injuries.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of Utah, news release, May 15, 2013

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Imprelis Lawsuit Filed by Wright & Schulte LLC on Behalf of Multiple Lawn Care Companies and Property Owners Who Allege Imprelis Use Caused Extensive Tree Damage
2. Dr. Gary M. Levin's Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Review and MS Research Revealed by
3. Weill Cornell Medical School Teams with MediGait to Get the Elderly, Sufferers of Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis “Back on their Feet”
4. Imprelis Lawsuit Representing Multiple Property Owners Alleging Imprelis Seriously Damaged Their Trees and Other Plant Life Filed By Wright & Schulte
5. Multiple Vaginal Mesh Lawsuits Filed Against Ethicon, Inc. on Behalf of Women Seriously Injured Allegedly Due to Vaginal Mesh Sling Defects, Reports Wright & Schulte
6. Class Action Imprelis Lawsuit Filed on Behalf of Multiple Property Owners Who Allege Imprelis Use Caused Extensive Tree Damage and Death, Reports Wright & Schulte
7. Shrinkage of Brain Region May Signal Onset of Multiple Sclerosis
8. Atrophy in key region of brain associated with multiple sclerosis
9. Multiple Imprelis Lawsuits Filed by Wright & Schulte Alleging Imprelis Use Resulted in Extensive Tree Damage and Death
10. Kids Learning Disabilities May Have Multiple Causes
11. Skechers Fracture Lawsuit Filed on Behalf of an Arizona Woman Who Sustained Multiple Arm Fractures Allegedly Due to Unstable Shape-Ups, by Wright & Schulte
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Multiple Head Injuries Raise Soldiers' Suicide Risk, Study Finds
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... According to Los ... people to overeat are not necessarily caused by real hunger, but instead by ... needs food. He notes that, while many patients are aware that weight loss surgery ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... A record ... annual Regional Biotech Conference, organized by the Baruch S. Blumberg Institute. , The institute, ... of the area’s life science and biotechnology leaders for the conference, which focused on ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... A novel class of antimicrobials that ... in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the major drug-resistant bacterial pathogens, ... molecule analogs that target the functions of SecA, a central part of the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Scotch Plains, NJ (PRWEB) , ... November 30, ... ... is their top choice for innovative, patient centered orthopedic care. Led by ... Regardless of your injury or chronic condition, the team at Advocare Orthopedic & ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... specializes in general dentistry out of Glen Ridge, NJ. He has both ... to achieve optimal mastication. He is also an expert in cosmetic dentistry. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... November 30, 2015 North America ... expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2015 to ... at USD 135.6 million in 2014, and is expected to grow ... According to the new Market Research Report "North America Cardiac ... End User (Hospitals, ambulatory care, others) - Analysis And Forecast To ...
(Date:11/30/2015)...  Kevin Smith has been appointed Chief Commercial ... in wireless monitoring of vital signs.  As CCO ... Mr. Smith will be responsible for the development ... will also directly oversee partnering with US hospitals ... SensiumVitals, the first early warning detection device to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Nov. 30, 2015 ... ) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug ... Application (NDA) for an extended release formulation of lorcaserin. ... a chronic weight management treatment in a once-daily dosing ... as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: