Navigation Links
Mouse menopause model sheds light on UTIs in post-menopausal women

Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, show that reservoirs of uropathogenic E. coli within the bladder exist in higher numbers post-menopause than pre-menopause in a mouse model, a finding that could help explain the greater prevalence of urinary tract infections in post-menopausal women. They also found that estrogen supplementation reduced the numbers of such reservoirs dramatically. The research was published online ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) afflict an estimated 13 million American women annually. Post-menopausal women are especially vulnerable to UTIs. The high incidence of UTIs in post-menopausal women has long been thought related to the menopausal fall in estrogen levels.

However, "estrogen therapy to help limit or prevent recurrent or chronic UTIs has not been consistently shown to be effective in reducing the burden of infections in this population," says Indira Mysorekar, a researcher on the study. "Given the increasing incidence of multidrug resistant bugs and the high incidence of UTIs in older women, it is vital that we fully understand the dynamics of estrogen interaction with uropathogenic Escherichia coli, and the course of UTIs, and model these to determine how they might intersect."

Uropathogenic E. coli also damage the bladder, says Mysorekar. "To repair the damage, new cells are produced that turn into specialized cells which make up the new bladder barrier," she says. "In the absence of estrogen," as in post-menopausal women, "this repair process was severely disrupted." Among other things, abnormally elevated levels of immune system cytokines may damage bladder cells. In the mouse menopause model, "the cytokine levels are very high," she says. However, the researchers found that estrogen supplementation can reduce the levels of cytokines, as well as the infectious reservoirs to levels found pre-menopausally, mitigating the infection and the resulting damage.

The goal of the current research was "to develop a definitive model of UTIs in menopause, to understand both the effect of loss of estrogen on the course of infection, and to determine whether estrogen therapy would be effective," says Mysorekar.

"The long term goal of my lab is to identify the molecular and genetic pathways that govern the estrogenic regulation of normal bladder function, and how it is altered during bladder disease and in menopause," says Mysorekar. "Our findings lay the groundwork for exploring the mechanism of estrogenic action and for testing hormone therapy efficacy in our animal model, and eventually in humans."

UTI symptoms include frequent urination, often accompanied by a burning sensation, cloudy, bad-smelling urine, and pelvic pain. They can be dangerous if they spread to the kidneys.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Related medicine news :

1. Mouse Study Offers Clues to Obesity-Diabetes Link
2. Bright Light at Night Could Up Depression Risk, Mouse Study Suggests
3. New, improved mouse model of human Alzheimers may enable drug discovery
4. Mouse model exposes a new type of T cell to target melanoma
5. A CNIO team creates a unique mouse model for the study of aplastic anaemia
6. Mouse With Human-Like Immune System Could Advance AIDS Research
7. Scientists develop mouse model that could lead to new therapies for liver cancer
8. TB treatment paradox: Mouse studies show bodys own response helps TB bacteria survive
9. New mouse model helps explain gene discovery in congenital heart disease
10. Mouse Study Suggests Certain Fats Could Trigger Crohns, Colitis
11. Belly Membrane May Regulate Immune System, Mouse Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... Dr. John Pierce, Medical Director at the Ageless Forever clinic in Las ... Pro laser therapy cap. FDA cleared for safety and efficacy, the Capillus272 offers men ... surgery, prescription pills, or topical foams. , “Capillus272™ Pro is a home-use device ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... For the first time, ... Two Organizations, One Beat ” campaign. The partnership between the two groups began in ... in MAP International’s cause. , MAP International was founded in 1954 and is an ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would ... OH , are invited to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE ... Cleveland, OH. , As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... The McHenry County law firm of Botto Gilbert ... Attorneys Francisco J. Botto and Alex C. Wimmer. Attorneys Botto and Wimmer represented the ... App (2d) 130884WC. , According to court documents, Adcock testified that on May 10, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... SCOTTSDALE, AZ) ... plastic surgeon specializing in both surgical and non-surgical treatments, announced the expansion of ... Hobgood Facial Plastic Surgery. , Highly trained and nationally recognized for his ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ... the Global Cell Surface Testing Market: ... report to their offering.  --> ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> ... att använda SyMRI för att hitta optimal ... med multipel skleros (MS) eller hjärntumörmetastaser och ... för att kunna använda SyMRI Research Edition ... kan man generera flera konstrastbilder från en ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ... European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) Market: ... Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report to their ... has announced the addition of the  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: