Navigation Links
Mount Sinai researchers make major breakthrough in melanoma research
Date:12/22/2010

In a breakthrough that could lead to new treatments for patients with malignant melanoma, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered that a particular protein suppresses the progression of melanoma through regulation of an oncogene, or gene responsible for cancer growth. The study is published in the December 23 issue of Nature.

Researchers studied the natural progression of melanoma using mouse and human cells, as well as patient samples and determined that the presence of a specific histone variant, which is a protein that helps package DNA, was directly related to the growth of melanoma. In all instances, researchers observed that as the melanoma became more aggressive, the presence of the histone variant macroH2A decreased. Researchers then manipulated macroH2A levels in melanoma and found that when they removed it in the early stages of the disease, the melanoma progressed more aggressively both in growth and metastasis. Adding macroH2A to late-stage aggressive melanoma cells created the opposite effect.

"We wanted to determine whether macroH2A is a passenger in this process or if it's crucial in the progression of melanoma," said Emily Bernstein, PhD, Assistant Professor of Oncological Sciences and Dermatology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and lead author of the study. When further investigating macroH2A function in melanoma, the researchers found that it regulates CDK8, a known oncogene for colorectal cancer. "CDK8 is highly expressed in aggressive melanoma, suggesting it also plays a major role in the process," Dr. Bernstein explained.

Through further functional studies, researchers found that eliminating macroH2A led to an increase in CDK8 expression, and the elimination of CDK8 in metastatic melanoma cells impaired their proliferation. These results suggest that macroH2A suppresses melanoma progression, at least in part, through the regulation of CDK8.

"Very little is known about melanoma epigenetics or the histone-mediated epigenetic changes in cancer in general, so these findings are a major step forward in our research. As we move ahead, we would like to determine how to inhibit CDK8 function, thereby inhibiting the growth of melanoma, as well as identify additional epigenetic changes in melanoma progression." said Dr. Bernstein. "What these discoveries really highlight is the need for further studies into the epigenetic code of cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Mount Sinai first in US to implant aortic valve prosthesis to treat severe aortic stenosis
2. Mount Sinai researchers discover origin of immune cells in the brain
3. Mount Sinai researchers discover why cocaine is so addictive
4. Mount Sinai researchers find new target to improve pain management
5. Small Amounts of Dark Chocolate May Guard Against Heart Failure
6. Mount Sinai pioneers new cardiac imaging device
7. Mount Sinai leads Consortium of Food Allergy Research with $29.9 million grant
8. The Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation donates additional research funds to TGen
9. Chicago Father and Son Team to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro for ShelterBox
10. AAU Big Mountain Jam Basketball Tournament To Be Played On SnapSports Flooring
11. Mount Sinai researchers find structural basis for incidence of skin cancers in a genetic disorder
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center ... Houston Area. The new location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite ... This newest location will provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Texas Physical Therapy ... 960 Gruene Road in Building 2. The clinic is the group’s second in New ... says opening the company’s second New Braunfels location brings things full circle for the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The IoT ... and WiFi connectivity are making a huge impact on businesses and individual consumers alike. ... estimates the IoT will have a value anywhere from $4 trillion to $11 trillion ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... ... of adults are unaware of the dangers that infectious bacteria play in mouth disease, while ... a day that dentists recommend. The ramifications of improper oral upkeep go far beyond bad ... 164 million hours of work each year due to dental issues. That is why Mediaplanet ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... ... March is National Kidney Month – the perfect time to pause and ... health. Every day, two kidneys filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood. Put ... waste, regulating fluid levels and blood pressure, supporting bone health and promoting red blood ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Strategies" report to their offering. ... Pain Management in the ... their physical pain, emphasizing consumer survey analysis, including trends over ... adults who have selected illnesses/conditions strongly associated with physical pain ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 ShangPharma, a leading ... cost-effective drug development and discovery services, technology, ... industry, announced today the intent for a ... be consolidating the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) ... ChemPartner. These entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a ... Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development ... of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: