Navigation Links
Motorcycle helmets reduce spine injuries after collisions
Date:2/9/2011

Motorcycle helmets, long known to dramatically reduce the number of brain injuries and deaths from crashes, appear to also be associated with a lower risk of cervical spine injury, new research from Johns Hopkins suggests.

"We are debunking a popular myth that wearing a helmet while riding a motorcycle can be detrimental during a motorcycle crash," says study leader Adil H. Haider, M.D., M.P.H., an assistant professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. "Using this new evidence, legislators should revisit the need for mandatory helmet laws. There is no doubt that helmets save lives and reduce head injury. And now we know they are also associated with a decreased risk of cervical spine injury."

For more than two decades, the researchers say, activists lobbying against universal helmet laws have cited a small study suggesting that, in the event of a crash, the weight of a helmet could cause significant torque on the neck that would be devastating to the spine. But results of the new study, published online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, shows that helmeted riders were 22 percent less likely to suffer cervical spine injury than those without helmets. The study reviewed and mined the National Trauma Databank, looking through information on more than 40,000 motorcycle collisions between 2002 and 2006.

Even with what researchers say are mountains of evidence that helmets reduce mortality and traumatic brain injury after a collision, many states, including Florida, Pennsylvania and Texas, have over the past 15 years repealed their mandatory helmet use laws after lobbying from motorcycle riders, Haider says. Anti-helmet lobbyists often cite a 25-year-old study which found more spine injuries in helmet wearers. That study, has been criticized by many, including the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, because of flawed statistical reasoning. "Additionally, helmet technology has significantly improved since that time now helmets are much lighter but even sturdier and more protective" Haider says.

Forty years ago, Haider says, nearly all states required helmets for motorcyclists of any age in the United States. Today, helmets are mandatory for all riders in only 20 states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia.

Motorcycle use has risen sharply over the past 10 years in the United States. Since 1997, motorcycle injuries in the U.S. have increased by roughly 5,000 per year and motorcycle fatalities have nearly doubled, according to the new journal article.

Haider's study, like many others before, found a reduction in risk of traumatic brain injury in helmet wearers (65 percent) and decreased odds of death (37 percent). But the new paper, Haider says, is the strongest evidence yet that helmets significantly reduce cervical spine injury, which can result in paralysis.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Young Motorcycle Riders Suffering More Brain Injuries
2. Motorcycle Cancer Risk and ELF EMF Radiation Invasion of Gastrointestinal Melatonin
3. Motorcycle Fatalities Drop Sharply in U.S.
4. Black motorcyclists -- even in helmets -- more likely to die in crashes
5. At Any Age, Helmets Make Riding Safer
6. Helmets must be part of skiing and snowboarding culture, doctors urge
7. Extra testosterone reduces your empathy
8. Restrictive Diet May Reduce ADHD Symptoms
9. Surgery for obstructive sleep apnea reduces daytime drowsiness
10. Anti-estrogen medication reduces risk of dying from lung cancer
11. Bioactive compounds in berries can reduce high blood pressure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Vighter established its NAEMT ... by providing Prehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS) course scholarships to four medics assigned ... education developed in cooperation with the American College of Surgeons to promote critical ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) ... annual awards, now in their 12th year, are among the most prestigious in radiology ... 2016, the awards were retooled to recognize achievements in both large budget (over $5,000) ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... and related services to families and business owners across eastern Michigan, is connecting ... regional families struggling with financial difficulties. , The Oxford/Orion FISH Food Pantry works ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... that they are now offering treatments for sleep apnea and TMJ at their ... Sleep apnea , specifically the obstructive type, is increasingly being treated at ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro Health (“GH”) ... prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is to be located ... , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 The Board of Directors of ... Report 2016 including the complete 2016 Annual Accounts with notes. ... Nordic Nanovector,s website in the section Investor Relations/Reports and presentations/Annual ... ... Kvåle, Chief Financial Officer Cell: +47-91-51-95-76 Email: ir@nordicnanovector.com ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Replacement Procedure By Technique, Repair Procedure By Technique, By Region, By ... ... forecasted to grow at a CAGR of 13.35% during 2016-2021 ... rising aging population, growth in population with heart disease and rising ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 As ... years along with the prevalence of allergic diseases, ... measures are currently revolutionising the ways in which ... Allergies 2017 promises to be both a ... amongst the allergy interest groups, immunologists, research scholars ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: